Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Publisher: Emerald
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: UOW10
Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to explore factors contributing to non-participation in a workplace physical activity (PA) intervention in a large UK call centre.\ud \ud Design/methodology/approach – In total, 16 inactive individuals (nine male/seven female), aged 27±9 years, who had not taken part in the intervention were interviewed to explore their perceptions of PA, the intervention and factors which contributed to their non-participation. Transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis.\ud \ud Findings – Six superordinate themes were identified: self-efficacy for exercise; attitudes towards PA; lack of time and energy; facilities and the physical environment; response to the PA programme and PA culture. Barriers occurred at multiple levels of influence, and support the use of ecological or multilevel models to help guide future programme design/delivery.\ud \ud Research limitations/implications – The 16 participants were not selected to be representative of the workplace gender or structure. Future intentions relating to PA participation were not considered and participants may have withheld negative opinions about the workplace or intervention despite use of an external researcher.\ud \ud Practical implications – In this group of employees education about the importance of PA for young adults and providing opportunities to gain social benefits from PA would increase perceived benefits and reduce perceived costs of PA. Workplace cultural norms with respect to PA must also be addressed to create a shift in PA participation.\ud \ud Originality/value – Employees’ reasons for non-participation in workplace interventions remain poorly understood and infrequently studied. The study considers a relatively under-studied population of employed young adults, providing practical recommendations for future interventions.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Allender, S., Cowburn, G. and Foster, C. (2006), "Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: A review of qualitative studies", Health Education Research, Vol. 21 No. 6, pp. 826-35.
    • Bull, S.S., Gillette, C., Glasgow, R.E. and Estabrooks, P. (2003), "Work site health promotion research: To what extent can we generalize the results and what is needed to translate research to practice?", Health Education and Behavior, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 537-549.
    • BUPA (2009), "Healthy work: Challenges and opportunities to 2030", BUPA.
    • Campbell, M.K., Tessaro, I., DeVellis, B., Benedict, S., Kelsey, K., Belton, L. and Sanhueza, A. (2002), "Effects of a tailored health promotion program for female blue-collar workers: Health works for women", Preventive Medicine, Vol. 34 No. 3, pp. 313-23.
    • Carter, S. and Henderson, L. (2005), "Approaches to qualitative data collection in social science", In: Bowling, A. & Ebrahim, S. (Eds.) Handbook of health research methods. Investigation, measurement and analysis. Open University Press, Berkshire, 215-229.
    • Chinn, D.J., White, M., Howel, D., Harland, J.O.E. and Drinkwater, C.K. (2006), "Factors associated with non-participation in a physical activity promotion trial", Public Health, Vol. 120 No. 4, pp. 309-319.
    • Conn, V.S., Hafdahl, A.R., Cooper, P.S., Brown, L.M. and Lusk, S.L. (2009), "Metaanalysis of workplace physical activity interventions", American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 37 No. 4, pp. 330-339.
    • Crump, C.E., Earp, J.A., Kozma, C.M. and Hertz-Picciotto, I. (1996), "Effect of organization-level variables on differential employee participation in 10 federal worksite health promotion programs", Health Education Quarterly, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 204-23.
    • Davis, C., Fox, J., Brewer, H. and Ratusny, D. (1995), "Motivations to exercise as a function of personality characteristics, age, and gender", Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 165-174.
    • Dishman, R.K., Oldenburg, B., O'Neal, H. and Shephard, R.J. (1998), "Worksite physical activity interventions", American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 344-361.
    • Dugdill, L., Brettle, A., Hulme, C., McCluskey, S. and Long, A.F. (2008), "Workplace physical activity interventions: A systematic review", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 20-40.
    • Fletcher, G.M., Behrens, T.K. and Domina, L. (2008), "Barriers and enabling factors for work-site physical activity programs: A qualitative examination", Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 418-29.
    • Gibbs, G. (2007), Analyzing qualitative data, Sage, London.
    • Glaser, B.G. (1967), The discovery of grounded theory : Strategies for qualitative research, Aldine de Gruyter, New York.
    • Janis, I.L. and Mann, L. (1977), Decision making : A psychological analysis of conflict, choice, and commitment, Free Press, London.
    • Kouvonen, A., Kivimaki, M., Elovainio, M., Virtanen, M., Linna, A. and Vahtera, J. (2005), "Job strain and leisure-time physical activity in female and male public sector employees", Preventive Medicine, Vol. 41 No. 2, pp. 532-539.
    • Kruger, J., Yore, M.M., Bauer, D.R. and Kohl, H.W. (2007), "Selected barriers and incentives for worksite health promotion services and policies", American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 21 No. 5, pp. 439-447.
    • Lakerveld, J., Ljzelenberg, W., van Tulder, M., Hellemans, I., Rauwerda, J., van Rossum, A. and Seidell, J. (2008), "Motives for (not) participating in a lifestyle intervention trial", BMC Medical Research Methodology [Online], 8. available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/8/17 (Accessed 29th September 2010).
    • Langille, J.-L.D., Berry, T.R., Reade, I.L., Witcher, C., Loitz, C.C. and Rodgers, W.M. (2009), "Strength of messaging in changing attitudes in a workplace wellness program", Health Promotion Practice, pp.
    • Marcus, B.H., Pinto, B.M., Simkin, L.R., Audrain, J.E. and Taylor, E.R. (1994), "Application of theoretical models to exercise behavior among employed women", American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 49-55.
    • Marcus, B.H., Williams, D.M., Dubbert, P.M., Sallis, J.F., King, A.C., Yancey, A.K., Franklin, B.A., Buchner, D., Daniels, S.R. and Claytor, R.P. (2006), "Physical activity intervention studies: What we know and what we need to know: A scientific statement from the american heart association council on nutrition, physical activity, and metabolism (subcommittee on physical activity); council on cardiovascular disease in the young; and the interdisciplinary working group on quality of care and outcomes research", Circulation, Vol. 114 No. 24, pp. 2739-2752.
    • Marshall, A.L. (2004), "Challenges and opportunities for promoting physical activity in the workplace", Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 7 No. 1, Supplement 1, pp. 60-66.
    • McLeroy, K.R., Bibeau, D., Steckler, A. and Glanz, K. (1988), "An ecological perspective on health promotion programs", Health Education Quarterly, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 351-77.
    • McNeill, L.H., Kreuter, M.W. and Subramanian, S.V. (2006), "Social environment and physical activity: A review of concepts and evidence", Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 63 No. 4, pp. 1011-1022.
    • Morin, A. (1997), "History of exposure to self-focusing stimuli as a developmental antecedent of self-consciousness", Psychological Reports, Vol. 80 pp. 1252- 1254.
    • National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2008), "Workplace health promotion: How to encourage employees to be physically active", London.
    • Phipps, E., Madison, N., Pomerantz, S.C. and Klein, M.G. (2010), "Identifying and assessing interests and concerns of priority populations for work-site programs to promote physical activity", Health Promotion Practice, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 71-78.
    • Pricewaterhouse Coopers (2008), "Building the case for wellness", Pricewaterhouse Coopers, London.
    • Proper, K.I., Koning, M., van der Beek, A.J., Hildebrandt, V.H., Bosscher, R.J. and van Mechelen, W. (2003), "The effectiveness of worksite physical activity programs on physical activity, physical fitness, and health", Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 106-117.
    • Reed, G.R., Velicer, W.F., Prochaska, J.O., Rossi, J.S. and Marcus, B.H. (1997), "What makes a good staging algorithm: Examples from regular exercise.", American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 57-66.
    • Robroek, S.J.W., van Lenthe, F.J., van Empelen, P. and Burdorf, A. (2009), "Determinants of participation in worksite health promotion programmes: A systematic review", International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity [Online], 6. available at: http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/6/1/26 (Accessed 29th Septermber 2010).
    • Salguero, A., Gonzalez-Boto, R. and Marquez, S. (2006), "Motives for participation in physical activity by brazilian adults", Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 102 No. 2, pp. 358-367.
    • Sallis, J.F. and Owen, N. (1997), "Ecological models", In: Glanz, F.M., Lewis, F.M. & Rimer, B.K. (Eds.) Health behavior and health education: Theory, research and practice, 2nd edition. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp.403-424.
    • Schwetschenau, H.M., O'Brien, W.H., Cunningham, C.J.L. and Jex, S.M. (2008), "Barriers to physical activity in an on-site corporate fitness center", Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol. 13 No. 4, pp. 371-380.
    • Tavares, L.S. and Plotnikoff, R.C. (2008), "Not enough time? Individual and environmental implications for workplace physical activity programming among women with and without young children", Health Care for Women International, Vol. 29 No. 3, pp. 244-281.
    • Trost, S.G., Owen, N., Bauman, A.E., Sallis, J.F. and Brown, W. (2002), "Correlates of adults' participation in physical activity: Review and update", Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 34 No. 12, pp. 1996-2001.
    • Warren, B.S., Maley, M., Sugarwala, L.J., Wells, M.T. and Devine, C.M. (2010), "Small steps are easier together: A goal-based ecological intervention to increase walking by women in rural worksites", Preventive Medicine, Vol. 50 No. 5-6, pp. 230-234.
    • Willig, C. (2008), Introducing qualitative research in psychology : Adventures in theory and method, McGraw-Hill Open University Press, Maidenhead.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article