Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Galea, Edwin R.; Xie, Hui; Lawrence, Peter J. (2014)
Publisher: International Association for Fire Safety Science
Languages: English
Types: Article
Signage systems are widely used in the built environment to aid occupant wayfinding during both circulation and evacuation. Recent research conducted by the authors shows that only 38% of people ‘see’ conventional static emergency signage in presumed emergency situations in an unfamiliar built environment, even if the sign is located directly in front of them and their vision is unobstructed. However, most people who see the sign follow the sign. These results suggest that current emergency guidance signs are less effective as an aid to wayfinding than they potentially can be and that signs are likely to become more effective if their detectability can be improved while upholding the comprehensibility of the guidance information they provide. A novel dynamic signage design is proposed to address this issue. The effectiveness of the new sign is tested under almost identical experimental settings and conditions as in the previous experiments examining conventional, static signs. The results show that 77% of people ‘see’ the dynamic sign and 100% of them go on to follow the sign. In addition, a dynamic method to identify that an exit route is no longer viable is tested using an international survey to gauge understanding of the new signage concept. Survey results suggest that the purpose of the new sign can be clearly understood by over 90% of the sample.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] Arthur, P., Passini R., Wayfinding: people, signs and architecture, pp76-81, ISBN 0-07-551016-2, 1992.
    • Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J., 2006. Representing the Influence of Signage on Evacuation Behaviour within an Evacuation Model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 16(1), pp.37-73, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1042391506054298.
    • Xie, H., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R., Blackshields, D., Lawrence, P.J., 2012. Experimental analysis of the effectiveness of emergency signage and its implementation in evacuation simulation, Fire and Materials; 36:367-382.
    • British Standards Institution, 2000. BS 5499-4:2000 Safety signs, including fire safety signs - Part4: Code of practice for escape route signing, BSI: London, ISBN 0 580 33205 5.
    • British Standards Institution, 2011. BS ISO 3864-1:2011 Graphical symbols. Safety colours and safety signs. Design principles for safety signs and safety markings, BSI: London, ISBN 978 0 580 66515 8.
    • Nilsson, D., Frantzich, H., Saunders, W., “Influencing Exit Choice in the Event of a Fire Evacuation.”, Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the ninth Symposium, IAFSS, 2008, pp 341- 352. http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-341 GETAWAY (Generating simulations to Enable Testing of Alternative routes to improve WAYfinding in evacuation of overground and underground terminals), project grant agreement, THEME SST.2010.4.1-1, EU FP7, grant agreement 265717, 07/07/11.
    • Galea, E.R. Lawrence, P.J. Filippidis L., Blackshields, D.and Cooney, D., buildingEXODUS version 4.0: User Guide and Technical Manual, University of Greenwich, 2006.
    • Grandison A; Muthu Y; Lawrence P; Galea E, Simulating the Evacuation of Very Large Populations in Large Domains using a Parallel Implementation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model.”, Proc of the 11th Int Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam, Royal Holloway College, UK, Volume 1, pp. 259-270. ISBN 978 0 9541216-8-6, 2007.
    • Galea E. R., Wang Z., Veeraswamy A., Jia F., Lawrence P. J. and Ewer J., “Coupled fire/evacuation analysis of station nightclub fire”, Fire Safety Science -- Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium, International Association for Fire Safety Science, 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, pp 465-476. http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465 Xie, H., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Galea E.R., Blackshields, D., Lawrence, P.J., 2007. Signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle, Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17(1), pp.41-64.
    • Veeraswamy, A., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., 2011. Wayfinding Behaviour within Buildings - An International Survey, Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, University of Maryland, 19-24 June 2011, pp. 735-748. ISSN 1817-4299.
    • http://dx.doi.org/10.3801/IAFFS.FSS.10-735.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects


Cite this article