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Publisher: Public Library of Science
Journal: PLoS ONE
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Host-Pathogen Interaction, Microbial Pathogens, Research Article, Biology, Haemophilus Influenzae, Infectious Diseases, Meningitis, Microbiology, Medicine, Bacterial Pathogens, Gram Negative, Meningoccal Septicemia, Bacterial Diseases, Medical Microbiology, Pathogenesis, Meningococcal Disease, Q, R, Infectious Diseases of the Nervous System, Science, Meningococcal Infections
Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae are major bacterial agents of meningitis. They each bind the 37/67-kDa laminin receptor (LamR) via the surface protein adhesins: meningococcal PilQ and PorA, H. influenzae OmpP2 and pneumococcal CbpA. We have previously reported that a surface-exposed loop of the R2 domain of CbpA mediates LamR-binding. Here we have identified the LamR-binding regions of PorA and OmpP2. Using truncated recombinant proteins we show that binding is dependent on amino acids 171–240 and 91–99 of PorA and OmpP2, respectively, which are predicted to localize to the fourth and second surface-exposed loops, respectively, of these proteins. Synthetic peptides corresponding to the loops bound LamR and could block LamR-binding to bacterial ligands in a dose dependant manner. Meningococci expressing PorA lacking the apex of loop 4 and H. influenzae expressing OmpP2 lacking the apex of loop 2 showed significantly reduced LamR binding. Since both loops are hyper-variable, our data may suggest a molecular basis for the range of LamR-binding capabilities previously reported among different meningococcal and H. influenzae strains.

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