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Whalley, John (1999)
Publisher: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation
Languages: English
Types: Book
Subjects: JZ, HF
This paper discusses special and differential treatment (SDT) for developing countries in a new WTO trade round. It argues that SDT introduced in the Uruguay Round represented a sharp departure from pre Uruguay Round SDT which had focussed on special rights to protect and preferential market access, and was characterised by a wide range of delays, exemptions, best efforts endeavours from developed countries, technical assistance and other provisions. These new provisions were arrived at late on in negotiation, and were ad hoc in design. They nonetheless represented a new form of SDT relating to special rights needed on adjustment and policy capacity grounds as developing countries integrated into the WTO system. Despite general skepticism as to the value of SDT benefits, the challenge is to more carefully rationalise and target these provisions, and to elaborate on them.
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    • 3See the discussion of Latin American reforms in Rajapatirana, de la Mora, and Yatawara (1997), and African reforms in Sorsa (1996) and Collier, Guillaumont, Guillaumont, and Gunning (1997).
    • Collier, P., P. Guillaumont, S. Guillaumont, and J.W. Gunning (1997) “The Future of Lomé: Europe's Role in African Growth” The World Economy, vol.20, no.3, May, pp.285-306.
    • Hudec, R.E. (1990) “The Structure of South-south Trade Preferences in the 1988 GSTP Agreement: Learning to Say MFMFN” in Whalley, ed., Developing Countries and The Global Trading System, vol.1, Thematic Studies from a Ford Foundation Supported Project (Macmillan, 1989) pp.210-237.
    • Ingco, M.D. (1996) “Tariffication in the Uruguay Round: How Much Liberalization?” The World Economy, vol.19, no.4, July, pp.425.446.
    • Karsenty, G. and Laird, S. (1987), “The Generalized System of Preferences: A Quantitative Assessment of the Direct Trade Effects and of Policy Options”, UNCTAD Discussion Paper No.18, UNCTAD, Geneva.
    • Lloyd, P. and G. Sampson (1995) “Competition and Trade Policy: Identifying the Issues After the Uruguay Round” The World Economy, vol. 18, no.5, September, pp.681-707.
    • McPhee, C.R. (1989), “A Synthesis of the GSP Study Programme”, Mimeographed Report Prepared for UNCTAD.
    • Paparizo, A. (1998), “WTO Provisions on Least Developed Countries”, Report Prepared for the Government of Nepal (mimeo).
    • Prebisch, R. (1962) “The Economic Development of Latin America and Its Principal Problems” Economic Bulletin for Latin America, vol.7, pp.1-22.
    • Rajapatirana, S. L.M. de la Mora and R.A. Yatawara (1997) “Political Economy of Trade Reforms 1965-1994: Latin American Style” The World Economy, vol.20, no.3, May, pp.307-337.
    • Sorsa, P. (1996) “Sub Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round - Myth or Reality?” The World Economy, vol.19, no.3, pp.287-306.
    • UNCTAD (1998a) The Least Developed Countries Report, 1998; UN, Geneva.
    • UNCTAD (1998b) Trade and Development Report, 1998; UN, Geneva.
    • UNCTAD (1998c) “Accession to the WTO: The Process and The Issues”, Discussion Paper 16 July, 1998.
    • Whalley, J. (1990) “Non-discriminatory Discrimination: Special and Differential Treatment Under the GATT for Developing Countries” Economic Journal, vol.100, no.403, December, pp.1318-1328.
    • WTO (1998a) Implementation of WTO Provisions In Favour of Developing Country Members, Note by the Secretariat, Geneva.
    • Young, A. (1991), “Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, No. 1106, pp.369-405.
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