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Tulloch, Olivia; Mayaud, Philippe; Adu-Sarkodie, Yaw; Opoku, Baafuor; Lithur, Nana; Sickle, Eugene; Delany-Moretlwe, Sinead; Wambura, Mwita; Changalucha, John; Theobald, Sally (2011)
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal: Health Research Policy and Systems
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: wa_525, Health Policy, wa_20_5, Research
Background\ud Research institutions and donor organizations are giving growing attention to how research evidence is communicated to influence policy. In the area of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV there is less weight given to understanding how evidence is successfully translated into practice. Policy issues in SRH can be controversial, influenced by political factors and shaped by context such as religion, ethnicity, gender and sexuality.\ud \ud Methods\ud The case-studies presented in this paper analyse findings from SRH/HIV research programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: 1) Maternal syphilis screening in Ghana, 2) Legislative change for sexual violence survivors In Ghana, 3) Male circumcision policy in South Africa, and 4) Male circumcision policy in Tanzania. Our analysis draws on two frameworks, Sumner et al’s synthesis approach and Nutley’s research use continuum.\ud \ud Results\ud The analysis emphasises the relationships and communications involved in using research to influence policy and practice and recognises a distinction whereby practice is not necessarily influenced as a result of policy change – especially in SRH – where there are complex interactions between policy actors.\ud \ud Conclusion\ud Both frameworks demonstrate how policy networks, partnership and advocacy are critical in shaping the extent to which research is used and the importance of on-going and continuous links between a range of actors to maximize research impact on policy uptake and implementation. The case-studies illustrate the importance of long-term engagement between researchers and policy makers and how to use evidence to develop policies which are sensitive to context: political, cultural and practical.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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    • 16. Nnko S, Washija R, Urassa M, Boerma JT: Dynamics of male circumcision practices in northwest Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2001, 28:214-8.
    • 17. Westercamp N, Bailey RC: Acceptability of male circumcision for prevention of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. AIDS Behaviour 2007, 11(3):341-55.
    • 18. Women's HIV Prevention Tracking Project (WHiPT): Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women. 2010 [http://www.avac.org/ht/d/sp/d/sp/i/ 306/pid/306].
    • 19. Nutley S, Walter I, Davies H: Promoting Evidence-based Practice: Models and Mechanisms From Cross-Sector Review. Research on Social Work Practice 2009, 19(5):552-559.
    • 20. South A: Designing and implementing a communications strategy: lessons learnt from HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Programme Consortia. Health Research Policy and Systems , This supplement.
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  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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