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Shortland, Susan (2014)
Publisher: Emerald
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: dewey330, Business-and-management, dewey650, management, UOW11
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which – and how – female expatriate role models support women to take up expatriate assignments in the male-dominated oil and gas industry.\ud \ud Design/methodology/approach – The research uses data from a census survey of female expatriates supported by semi-structured interviews with a stratified sample of the survey respondents, triangulated with interviews with human resource (HR) professionals and analysis of organizational policy relevant to expatriation.\ud \ud Findings – Potential assignees value the information that women role models can provide on living in challenging, masculine locations. Role models are particularly important to women undertaking unaccompanied assignments and also when assignment periods exceed traditional lengths. Current\ud female expatriates do not view themselves as role models, despite HR professionals recognizing their value in inspiring women’s expatriation.\ud \ud Research limitations/implications – This research was set in a sector with very few female expatriate role models. Further research is needed to understand the influence of role models on women’s expatriation in different sectors and organizations with greater female role model representation.\ud \ud Practical implications – Training for current assignees, time to be set aside within work duties and communications links to enable current and returned female expatriates to connect with potential assignees are needed to widen expatriate gender diversity.\ud \ud Originality/value – This research contributes to theory by linking the importance of role models to women’s career stages. It proposes a new theoretical contribution by linking role model importance to the types of assignments women undertake. Practical suggestions for organizations are given to widen expatriate gender diversity via support for role models.
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    • Altman, Y. and Shortland, S. (2001), “Women, aliens and international assignments”, Women in Management Review, Vol. 16, pp. 141-145.
    • Altman, Y. and Shortland, S. (2008), “Women and international assignments: Taking stock - a 25-year review”, Human Resource Management, Vol. 47, pp. 199-216.
    • Bandura, A. (1997), Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York.
    • BarNir, A., Watson, W. E. and Hutchins, H. M. (2011), “Mediation and moderated mediation in the relationship among role models, self-efficacy, entrepreneurial career intention, and gender”, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 41, pp. 270-297.
    • Baruch, Y., and Holtom, B. C. (2008), “Survey response rate levels and trends in organizational research”, Human Relations, Vol. 61, pp.1139-1160.
    • Participant number and company 2, Co. B, interviewee 5, Co. B, interviewee 10, Co. B, interviewee 14, Co. B, interviewee 17, Co. B, interviewee 20, Co. B, interviewee 22, Co. B, survey respondent 23, Co. B, survey respondent 24, Co. B, interviewee 29, Co. B, survey respondent 33, Co. B, interviewee 34, Co. B, survey respondent 35, Co. B, interviewee 39, Co. B, interviewee 44, Co. B, interviewee 45, Co. B, interviewee 46, Co. B, interviewee 50, Co. B, interviewee 52, Co. B, interviewee 56, Co. A, interviewee 57, Co. A, interviewee 59, Co. A, interviewee 60, Co. A, interviewee 62, Co. A, interviewee 63, Co. A, interviewee 65, Co. A, interviewee 68, Co. A, survey respondent 69, Co. A, interviewee
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