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Clarke, James; Carré, Matt; Richardson, Andrea; Yang, Zhijun; Damm, Loic; Dixon, Sharon (2011)
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal: Procedia Engineering
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Engineering(all)

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: eye diseases
The traction provided by a footwear-surface interaction can have an impact on player safety, performance and overall enjoyment of sport. Mechanical test methods used for the testing and categorisation of safe playing surfaces do not tend to simulate loads occurring during participation on the surface, and thus are unlikely to predict human response to the surface. For example, the pendulum system routinely employed by the International Tennis Federation (I.T.F.) utilises a standard rubber ‘foot’, rather than a shoe sole, and does not apply forces comparable to those in real play. There is a requirement for an improved scientific understanding of the tribological interactions at the shoe surface interface and the effects footwear and surface parameters have on the traction mechanism developed. The relationship between normal force and the coefficient of traction for the forefoot of a tennis shoe in contact with different tennis surfaces was examined using a bespoke traction rig. The effects of surface roughness were also examined. A power relationship was found between normal force and traction. As normal force increased differences in surface traction were found. The normal force, stiffness, and roughness of the surfaces affected the adhesive and hysteresis friction mechanisms that contribute to the overall traction force.
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    • [2] Severn KA, Fleming PR, Clarke JD, Carré MJ. Science of synthetic turf surfaces: A comparison of traction test methods. In: STARRS 2010, Proceedings of the Science, Technology and Research into Sport Surfaces Conference; 2010. Loughborough, UK.
    • [3] Carré MJ, James DM, Haake SJ. Hybrid methods for assessing the performance of sports surfaces during ball impact. Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications; 2006; 220: 31-39.
    • [4] British Standards Institution, BS 7976-2:2002 Pendulum testers. Method of operation. ed: BSI; 2002.
    • [5] Lewis R, Carré MJ, Kassim AA, Goforth R. A comparison of pendulum heel slip simulation with actual foot friction measurements. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on slips, trips and falls; 2011. Buxton, UK.
    • [6] Stiles VH, Dixon SJ. The influence of different playing surfaces on the biomechanics of a tennis running forehand foot plant. J Appl Biomech 2006; 22:14-24.
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