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Evans, Peter R.; Featherston, Carol Ann; Eaton, Mark Jonathan; McCrory, John; Mitchard, Daniel (2015)
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Subjects: TJ
One of the major considerations currently affecting the design of composite aircraft structures is the damage resulting from lightning attachment. Full-field measurements of the displacement of materials under lightning attachment would provide a greater understanding of the forces induced by the high current waveform. Furthermore the understanding of the forces involved would allow for the validation of finite element models to simulate the effects of lightning attachment, therefore aiding in the design of solutions to reduce damage to aircraft structures. The study aimed to develop a pseudo-stereo high speed digital image correlation technique in order to obtain full-field information during lightning attachment based on a 100kA initial strike over a 500μs duration, the most severe waveform experienced. The technique that was developed gave full-field measurements for a 550x550x2mm 6082-T6 aluminium panel under a 100kA lightning attachment. Two correlation measurements were recorded at 3000 and 5000 frames per second. The displacement results are comparative with the theory of a cylindrical pressure expansion arising from the acoustic shockwave on attachment to the material. Further developments to this system could allow for more reliable results and higher frame rates which can be used to develop finite element simulations based on measured physical data.
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    • [1] S.G. Faulder: Mechanical Forces due to Lightning Strikes to Aircraft: Development of a Psuedo Stereo Digital Image Correlation Technique: Final Year Project: Cardiff School of Engineering (2013).
    • [2] M. Gagné and D. Therriault: Lightning strike protection of composites, Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 64 (2014) p 1-16.
    • [3] R. Wang, Zhi and Y. Zhang: Analysis and Optimization of the Stereo-System with a Four Mirror Adapter, Journal of the European Optical Society - Rapid Publications 3, (2008) p 243-246.
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