Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
O'Donnell, Aisling T.; Muldoon, Orla T.; Blaylock, Danielle L.; Stevenson, Clifford; Bryan, Dominic; Reicher, Stephen D.; Pehrson, Samuel (2016)
Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: BF Psychology, Thematic analysis, BF, Parades, Sociology and Political Science, National identity, Crown psychology, Social identity, Crowd psychology, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3207, Social Psychology, NDAS, Rituals, /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3312
The present study investigates how attendees at national celebratory crowd events – specifically St. Patrick’s Day parades – understand the role of such events in representing and uniting the national community. We conducted semi-structured interviews with people who attended St. Patrick’s Day parades in either Dublin or Belfast. In year 1, full-length interviews were conducted before and after the events (N=17), and in years 1 and 2, shorter interviews were conducted during the events (year 1 N=170; year 2 N=142). Interview data were analysed using thematic analysis, allowing the identification of three broad themes. Participants reported that (a) the events extend the boundary of the national group, using participation to define who counts as Irish; (b) the events strategically represent the nature of the national group, maximising positive images and managing stereotypical representations (c) symbolism serves to unify the group but can also disrupt already fragile unity and so must be managed. Overall, this points to a strategic identity dimension to these crowd events. We discuss the implications of these findings for future research in terms of the role of large scale celebratory events in the strategic representation of everyday social identities. Publisher PDF Peer reviewed
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abell, J., Condor, S., & Stevenson, C. (2006). “We are an island”: Geographical imagery in accounts of citizenship, civil society, and national identity in Scotland and in England. Political Psychology, 27, 207-226. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2006.00003.x
    • Billig, M. (1995). Banal nationalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Binks, E., & Ferguson, N. (2012). Identities in Diaspora: Social, national and political identities of the Irish and Northern Irish in England. Contemporary Social Science: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences. DOI: 10.1080/21582041.2012.709636
    • Boyatzis, R. E. (1998). Transforming qualitative information: Thematic analysis and code development. London: Sage.
    • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77-101. DOI: 10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
    • Brubaker, R. (1999). The Manichean myth: Rethinking the distinction between 'civic' and 'ethnic' nationalism. In H. Kriesi, K. Armingeon, H. Siegrist & A. Wimmer (Eds.), Nation and national identity: The European experience in perspective. Zurich: Rüegger.
    • Bryan, D. & McIntosh, G. (2005). Symbols: Sites of creation and contest in Northern Ireland. SAIS Review of International Affairs, 25, 127-137. DOI: 10.1353/sais.2005.0029
    • Coleman, S. (2002). Do you believe in pilgrimage? Communitas, contestation and beyond. Anthropological Theory, 2, 355-368. DOI: 10.1177/1463499602002003805
    • Conway, B. (2010). New directions in the sociology of collective memory and commemoration. Sociology Compass, 4, 442-453. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-9020.2010.00300.x
    • Croucher, S. L. (2003). Perpetual imagining: Nationhood in a global era. International Studies Review, 5, 1-24. DOI: 10.1111/1521-9488.501001
    • Drury, J., Cocking, C., & Reicher, S. D. (2009). The nature of collective resilience: Survivor reactions to the 2005 London bombings. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 27, 66-95.
    • Durkheim, E. (1915). The elementary forms of the religious life: A study in religious sociology. (J. W. Swain, Trans.). New York: Macmillan.
    • Edensor, T. (2002). National identity, popular culture and everyday life (p. 50). Oxford: Berg.
    • Fenton, S. (2007). Indifference towards national identity: what young adults think about being English and British. Nations and Nationalism, 13, 321-339. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8129.2007.00279.x
    • Gillis, J. R. (Ed.). (1996). Commemorations: The politics of national identity. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
    • Jarman, N., & Bryan, D. (1998). From riots to rights: Nationalist parades in the North of Ireland. Ulster: Centre for the Study of Conflict.
    • Joyce, C., Stevenson, C., & Muldoon, O. (2013). Claiming and displaying national identity: Irish Travellers' and students' strategic use of 'banal' and 'hot' national identity in talk. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 450-468. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.2012.02097.x
    • Klein, O., Spears, R., & Reicher, S. (2007). Social identity performance: Extending the strategic side of SIDE. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 1-18. DOI: 10.1177/1088868306294588
    • Kong, L., & Yeoh, B. S. (1997). The construction of national identity through the production of ritual and spectacle: An analysis of National Day parades in Singapore. Political Geography, 16, 213-239. DOI: 10.1016/0962-6298(95)00135-2
    • Le Bon, G. (1895/1947). The crowd: A study of the popular mind. London: Ernest Benn.
    • Lowe, R. D., & Muldoon, O. T. (2014). Shared national identification in Northern Ireland: An application of psychological models of group inclusion post conflict. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. DOI: 10.1177/1368430214525808
    • Muldoon, O. T., Todd, J., Trew, K., Rougier, N., & McLaughlin K. L. (2007). Religious and national identity after the Belfast Good Friday Agreement. Political Psychology, 28, 89-103. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2007.00553.x
    • Neville, F., & Reicher, S. (2011). The experience of collective participation: Shared identity, relatedness and emotionality. Contemporary Social Science, 6, 377-396. DOI: 10.1080/ 21582041.2012.627277
    • Novelli, D., & Drury, J. (2011). Synchronized action as an antecedent of shared identity and positive emotion. Presented at the 16th General Meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    • Páez, D., & Rimé, B. (2014). Collective emotional gatherings: Their impact upon identity fusion, shared beliefs and social integration. In C. von Scheve & M. Salmela (Eds.), Collective emotions. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    • Partridge, W. L. (1977). Transformation and redundancy in ritual: A case from Colombia. In B. M. Du Toit (Ed.), Drugs, rituals and altered states of consciousness. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema.
    • Pehrson, S., Stevenson, C., Muldoon, O. T., & Reicher, S. D. (2014). Is everyone Irish on St Patrick's Day? Divergent expectations and experiences of collective self-objectification at a multicultural parade. British Journal of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12029
    • Prayag Magh Mela Research Group (2007). Living the Magh Mela at Prayag: Collective identity, collective experience and the impact of participation in a mass event. Psychological Studies (Special Issue on the Social Psychology of Collectivity), 52, 293-301.
    • Reicher, S. D. (1996). 'The Battle of Westminster': Developing the social identity model of crowd behaviour in order to explain the initiation and development of collective conflict. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 115-134. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0992(199601) 26:1<115::AID-EJSP740>3.0.CO;2-Z
    • Reicher, S. D., Hopkins, N., & Condor, S. (1997). The lost nation of psychology. In C. Barfoot (Ed.), Beyond pug's tour: National and ethnic stereotyping (pp. 53-84). Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.
    • Reicher, S. D., Spears, R., & Postmes, T. (1995). A social identity model of deindividuation phenomena. European Review of Social Psychology, 6, 161-198. DOI: 10.1080/14792779443000049
    • St. Patrick's Festival. (2014). St. Patrick's Festival-About. Retrieved 23 June, 2014, from http:// www.stpatricksfestival.ie/info.
    • Stevenson, C., & Abell, J. (2011). Enacting national concerns: Anglo-British accounts of the 2002 Royal Golden Jubilee. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 21, 124-137. DOI: 10.1002/casp.1070
    • Stevenson, C., McNamara, N., & Muldoon, O. (2014). Stigmatised identity and service usage in disadvantaged communities: Residents', community workers' and service providers' perspectives. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 24, 453-466. DOI: 10.1002/casp.2184.
    • Stevenson, C., & Muldoon, O. T. (2010). Socio-political context and accounts of national identity in adolescence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 583-599 DOI: 10.1348/ 014466609X475972.
    • Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33-47). Monterey, CA: Brooks Cole.
    • Thompson, A. (2001). Nations, national identities and human agency: Putting people back into nations. The Sociological Review, 49, 18-32. DOI: 10.1111/1467-954X.00242
    • Turner, J. C. (1982). Towards a cognitive redefinition of the social group. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), Social identity and intergroup relations (pp. 15-40). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Wallwork, J., & Dixon, J. A. (2004). Foxes, green fields and national identity: The rhetorical construction of place and national identity. British Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 1-19. DOI: 10.1348/014466604322915962
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.