LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Clucas, Marie
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: HN, DA
Background. Despite consistent evidence that the Irish people living in Britain face a significant health disadvantage, when compared to white British people on a range of health indicators, the reasons and underlying generative mechanisms, need further uncovering.\ud Design and Objectives. This research uses a mixed strategy design compatible with a critical realist perspective. The extensive/quantitative research component aims to evaluate the demi-regularity that Irish people in England have poorer health than the British general population. It engages in a secondary analysis of data from the Census 2001 Individual Licensed SARs, using self-reported Irish ethnicity and self-reported general health. The intensive/qualitative research component explores the generative mechanisms shaping Irish health experiences and inequalities in England, and Coventry in particular, including the contribution of, and interaction between, generative mechanisms of structural and identity/cultural aspects of ethnicity. It carries out an in-depth primary analysis of thirty-two semi-structured interview accounts from two generations of Irish men and women in Coventry, using a framework analytical approach. This is elaborated within a model of ethnicity as structure and identity developed in accordance with a critical realist and sociohistorical perspective. The research is realized through a collaborative community based participatory approach.\ud Results and Conclusions. The extensive findings provide further evidence for an Irish health disadvantage in England, with some differences by country of birth, and provide clues to generative mechanisms for the demi-regularity found. The intensive findings concur with the extensive analysis and show that generative mechanisms from structural and identity dimensions of ethnicity 1) contribute to the health inequalities and/or experiences of first and second generation Irish people in England, 2) interact in complex ways, 3) are impacted by the socio-political context, i.e., British colonialism and a world capitalist economy, and 4) are shaped by interweaving forces of structure and agency.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Becker, E., Hills, A., & Erens, B. (2006). Alcohol Consumption. In K. Sproston & J. Mindell (Eds.), Health Survey for England 2004 Volume 1: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups. Leeds: The Information Centre. Retrieved January 20, 2008, from http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/ healthsurvey2004 ethnicfull/ HealthSurveyforEnglandVol1_210406_PDF.pdf
    • Bennett N et al. (1995). Health Survey for England 1993: Appendix D. London: HMSO.
    • Berkman, L.F., & Syme, S.L. (1979). Social Networks, Host Resistance, and Mortality: A Nine Year Follow-up Study of Alameda County Residents. American Journal of Epidemiology, 109 (2), 186-204.
    • Berney, L., Blane, D., Davey Smith, G., & Holland, P. (2000). Lifecourse Influences on Health in Early Old Age. In H. Graham (Ed.), Understanding Health Inequalities (pp. 79-95). Buckingham: Open University Press.
    • Bhugra, D., & Jones, P. (2001). Migration and Mental Illness. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 7, 216-223.
    • Blaxter M. (1987). Self-reported health in the Health and Lifestyles Survey. London: Health Promotion Research Trust.
    • Bracken, P.J., Greenslade, L., Griffin, B., & Smyth, M. (1998). Mental Health and Ethnicity: an Irish Dimension. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 103-105.
    • Bracken, P.J., & O'Sullivan, P. (2001). The Invisibility of Irish Migrants in British Health Research. Irish Studies Review, 9 (1), 41-51.
    • British Medical Association. (2009, April). The Human Cost of Alcohol: Doctors Speak Out. Retrieved May 21, 2009, from British Medical Association Web site: http://www.bma.org.uk/sc/health_promotion_ethics/alcohol/ humancostalcohol.jsp?page=4.
    • Britten, N. (2006). Qualitative Interviews. In C. Pope & N. Mays (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Health Care. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    • Brown, G. W., & Harris, T. (1978). Social Origins of Depression: A Study of Psychiatric Disorder in Women. New York: The Free Press.
    • Calamaro, C. J. (2008). Culture Competence in Research: Research Design and Subject Recruitment. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 22(5), 329-32.
    • Chakraborty, A., & McKenzie, K. (2002). Does Racial Discrimination Cause Mental Illness? British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 475-477.
    • Chahal, K & Julienne, L. (1999). “We Can't All be White!”: Racist Victimisation in the UK. London: York Publishing Services
    • Clarke, L. (1998). Mental Illness and Irish People: Stereotypes, Determinants and Changing Perspectives. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5, 309-316.
    • Coburn, D. (2000). Income Inequality, Social Cohesion and the Health Status of Populations: the Role of Neo-liberalism. Social Science and Medicine, 51, 135-146.
    • Cochrane, R., & Bal, S. (1989). Mental Hospital Admission Rates of Immigrants to England: a comparison of 1971 and 1981. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 24, 2-11.
    • Commander, M.J., Odell, S., Sashidharan, S.P., & Surtees, P.G. (1999). Psychiatric Morbidity in People Born in Ireland. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 34, 565-569.
    • Cornwall, A., & Jewkes, R. (1995). What is participatory Research? Social Science and Medicine, 41 (12), 1667-1676.
    • Curtis, L. (1984). Nothing but the Same Old Story: The Roots of Anti-Irish Racism, London: Information on Ireland.
    • Danermark, B., Ekstrom, M., Jakobsen, L., & Karlsson, J.C. (2002). Explaining Society: Critical Realism in the Social Sciences. London: Routledge.
    • Davey Smith, G., Hart, C., Blane, D., Gillis, C., & Hawthorne, V. (1997). Lifetime Socioeconomic Position and Mortality: Prospective Observational Study. BMJ, 314, pp. 547-550.
    • Davey Smith, G., Charsley, K., Lambert, H., Paul, S., Fenton, S., & Ahmad, W. (2000a). Ethnicity, Health and the Meaning of Socioeconomic Position. In H. Graham (Ed.), Understanding Health Inequalities (pp. 25-37). Buckingham: Open University Press.
    • Davey Smith, G., Chaturvedi, N., Harding, S., Nazroo, J., & Williams, R. (2000b). Ethnic Inequalities in Health: A Review of UK Epidemiological Evidence. Critical Public Health, 10 (4), pp. 375-408.
    • Dike van de Mheen, H., Stronks, K., & Mackenbach, J.P. (1998). A Lifecourse Perspective on Socio-economic Inequalities in Health: the Influence of Childhood Socio-economic Conditions and Selection Processes. In M. Bartley, D. Blane, & G. Davey Smith (Eds.), The Sociology of Health Inequalities (pp. 193-216). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
    • Dolan, A. (2003). Exploring the Material and Psychosocial Influences on the Health of Working Class Men: A Case Study of Two Contrasting Areas. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Warwick.
    • Doolin, N. (1994). Ethnic Minorities: The Luck of the Irish. Nursing Standard, 8 (46), 40-41.
    • Elstad, J.I. (1998). The Psycho-Social Perspective on Social Inequalities in Health. In M. Bartley, D. Blane & G. Davey Smith (Eds.), The Sociology of Health Inequalities (pp. 39-58). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
    • English, R. (2007). Irish Freedom: The History of Nationalism in Ireland. London: Pan Macmillan.
    • Erens, B., Primatesta, P., & Prior, G. (2001). Health Survey for England 1999 Volume 1: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups. London: The Stationary Office. Retrieved January 25, 2008, from: http://www.archive.officialdocuments.co.uk/ document/doh/survey99/ hse99-00.htm
    • ESRI. (2009). Executive Summary and Summary Table. Quarterly Economic Commentary, Spring, 2009. Retrieved May 26, 2009, from ESRI website: http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/20090429104918/QEC2009Spr_ES. pdf.
    • Federation of Irish Societies (FIS). (2007a). England: The Irish Dimension, An Exploration of 2001 Census data. London: Federation of Irish Societies. Retrieved May 31, 2008, from: http://www.irishsocieties.org/policy/censusreports/England_complete.pdf
    • Federation of Irish Societies (FIS). (2007b). Coventry: The Irish Dimension, An Exploration of 2001 Census data. London: Federation of Irish Societies. Retrieved May 31, 2008, from: http://www.irishsocieties.org/policy/census reports/Coventry_complete.pdf.
    • Fenton, S., Hughes, A.O., & Hine, C.E. (1995). Self-assessed Health, Economic Status and Ethnic Origin. New Community, 21 (1), 55-68.
    • Fenton, S. (1999). Chapter 1: Ethnicity and the Modern World: Historical Trajectories. In S. Fenton (Ed.), Ethnicity: Racism, Class and Culture. Hong Kong: Macmillan Press Ltd.
    • Gibbs, G. R. (2002). Qualitative Data Analysis: Explorations with NVivo. Open University Press.
    • Gordon, D., Shaw, M., Dorling, D., & Davey Smith, G. (1999). Inequalities in Health: the Evidence. Bristol: The Policy Press.
    • Goodwin, D. (2006). Ethical Issues. In C. Pope & N. Mays (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Health Care (pp. 53-62). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    • Greenslade, L., Pearson, M., & Madden, M. (1991). The Irish in Britain: SocioEconomic and Demographic Conditions. Occasional Papers in Irish Studies No.3. Liverpool: Institute of Irish Studies.
    • Greenslade, L. (1992). White Skin, White Masks: Psychological Distress among the Irish in Britain. In P. O'Sullivan (Ed.), Volume 2: The Irish in the New Communities (pp. 201-225). Leicester and London: Leicester University Press.
    • Greenslade, L., Pearson, M., & Madden, M. (1995). A Good Man's Fault: Alcohol and Irish People at Home and Abroad. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 30 (4), 407- 417.
    • Halpern, D. (1993). Minorities and Mental Health. Social Science and Medicine, 36 (5), 597-607.
    • Halpern, D. & Nazroo, J. (2000). The Ethnic Density Effect: Results from a National Community Survey of England and Wales. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 46 (1), 34-46.
    • Hannay, D.R. (1980). Religion and Health. Social Science and Medicine, 14A, 683- 685.
    • Hennessey, T. (2001). The Northern Ireland Peace Process: Ending the Troubles? New York : Palgrave.
    • Harding, S., & Balarajan, R. (1996). Patterns of Mortality in Second Generation Irish Living in England and Wales: Longitudinal Study. BMJ, 312, 1389-1392.
    • Harding, S., & Maxwell, R. (1997). Differences in Mortality of Migrants. In F. Drever and M. Whitehead (Eds.), Health Inequalities - Decennial Supplement (pp. 108-121). London: Office for National Statistics.
    • Harding, S. (1998). The Health of the Second Generation Irish Living in England and Wales. The health of the Irish in Britain: the Report of a Community Conference (pp. 11-20). London: Federation of Irish societies.
    • Harding, S., & Balarajan, R. (2001). Mortality of Third Generation Irish people in England and Wales: Longitudinal Study. BMJ, 322, 466-467.
    • Harrell, J.P., Sadiki, H., & Taliaferro, J. (2003). Physiological Responses to Racism and Discrimination: An Assessment of the Evidence. American Journal of Public Health, 93 (2), 243-248.
    • Harrison, L., & Carr-Hill (1992). Alcohol and Disadvantage among the Irish in England. London: Federation of Irish Societies.
    • Harrison, L., Carr-Hill, R., & Sutton, M. (1993). Consumption and Harm: Drinking Patterns of the Irish, the English and the Irish in England. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 28 (6), 715-723.
    • Haworth, E.A., Raleigh, Soni Raleigh, V., & Balarajan, R. (1999). Cirrhosis and Primary Liver Cancer amongst First Generation Migrants in England and Wales. Ethnicity & Health, 2(1/2), 93-99.
    • Hazelkorn, E. (1990). Irish Immigrants Today: A Socio-economic Profile of Contemporary Irish Emigrants and Immigrants in the UK. London: PNL Irish Studies Centre Occasional Papers No.1.
    • Health, A. F., & McMahon, D. (2005). Social Mobility of Ethnic Minorities. In G.C. Loury, T. Modood & S.M. Teles (Eds.), Ethnicity, Social Mobility and Public Policy (pp. 393-413). New York: Cambridge University Press.
    • Hickman, M.J. (1995). The Irish in Britain: Racism, Incorporation and Identity. Irish Studies Review, 10, 16-19.
    • Hickman, M.J., & Walter, B. (1997). Discrimination and the Irish Community in Britain. London: Commission for Racial Equality.
    • Hickman, M.J, Morgan, S., & Walter, B. (2001). Second-Generation Irish people in Britain: a demographic, socio-economic and health profile: A research Report for the Dion Committee. Irish studies centre: University of North London.
    • Hickman, M.J., Morgan, S. Walter, B., & Bradley, J. (2005). The Limitations of Whiteness and the Boundaries of Englishness: Second Generation Irish Identifications and Positionings in Multiethnic Britain. Ethnicities, 5 (2), 160- 182.
    • Israel, B.A., Schulz, A.J., Parker, E.A., Becker, A.B., Allen III, A. J., & Guzman, J.R. (2003). Critical Issues in Developing and Following Community Based Participatory Research Principles. In M. Minkler & N. Wallerstein (Eds.), Community Based Participatory Research for Health (pp. 53-76). JosseyBass: San Francisco, CA.
    • James, S.A., Strogatz, D.S., Wing, S.B. & Ramsey, D.L. (1987). Socioeconomic Status, John Henryism, and Hypertension in Blacks and Whites. American Journal of Epidemiology, 126 (4), 664-673.
    • Jenkins, R. (1994). Rethinking Ethnicity: Identity, Categorization and Power. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 17 (2), 197-223.
    • Kaplan, G.A., Salonen, J.T., Cohen, R.D., Brand, R.J., Syme, S.L., & Puska, P. (1988). Social Connections and Mortality from all Causes and from
    • Karlsen, S., & Nazroo, J. (2000). Identity and Structure: Rethinking Ethnic Inequalities in Health. In H. Graham (Ed.), Understanding Health Inequalities (pp. 38-57). Buckingham: Open University Press.
    • Karlsen, S., & Nazroo, J. (2002a). Agency and Structure: the Impact of Ethnic Identity and Racism on the Health of Ethnic Minority People. Sociology of Health and Illness, 24 (1), 1-20.
    • Karlsen, S., & Nazroo, J. (2002b). Relation between Racial Discrimination, Social Class, and Health among Ethnic Minority Groups. American Journal of Public Health, 92 (4), 624-631.
    • Karlsen, S. (2007). Ethnic Inequalities in Health: the Impact of Racism. London: A Race Equality Foundation Briefing Paper.
    • Kawachi, I., Kennedy, B.P., Lochner, K., & Prothrow-Stith, D. (1997). Social Capital, Income Inequality and Mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 87 (9), 1491-1498
    • Kelleher, D., & Hillier, S. (1996). The Health of the Irish in England. In D. Kelleher & S. Hiller (Eds.), Researching Cultural Differences in Health (pp. 103-123). New York: Routledge.
    • Kells, M. (1994). Religion and the Irish Migrant. Irish Studies Review, 6 (Spr.), 16- 18.
    • Koenig, H.G. (1992). Religion and Mental Health in Later Life. In J.F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and Mental Health (pp. 177-188). New York: Oxford University Press.
    • Krieger, N. & Sidney, S. (1996). Racial Discrimination and Blood Pressure: The CARDIA Study of Young Black and White Adults. American Journal of Public Health, 86, 1370-78.
    • Krieger, N. (2000). Discrimination and Health. In Berkman, L. F. & Kawachi, I (Eds.), Social Epidemiology. Oxford: University Press.
    • Leavey, G. (1999). Suicide and Irish Migrants in Britain: Identity and Integration. International Review of Psychiatry, 11 (2), 168-172.
    • Leavey, G., Sembhi, S., & Livingston, G. (2004). Older Irish Migrants Living in London. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30 (4), 763-779.
    • Leavey, G., Rozmovits, L., Ryan, L., & King, M. (2007). Explanations of Depression among Irish Migrants in Britain. Social Science and Medicine, 65, 231-244.
    • Legard, R., Keegan, J., & Ward, K. (2003). In Depth Interviews. In J. Ritchie & J. Lewis (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers (pp. 138-169). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
    • Lewis, J. (2003). Design Issues. In J. Ritchie & J. Lewis (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers (pp. 47-76). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
    • Lewis, J., & Ritchie, J. (2003). Generalising from Qualitative Research. In J. Ritchie & J. Lewis (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers (pp. 263-286). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
    • Lillie-Blanton, M., & Laveist, T. (1996). Race/Ethnicity, the Social Environment, and Health. Social Science and Medicine, 43 (1), 83-91.
    • Mackenback, J.P., Stronks, K., & Kunst, A.E. (1989). The Contribution of Medical Care to Inequalities in Health: Differences Between Socioeconomic Groups in Decline of Mortality from Conditions Amenable to Medical Intervention. Social Science and Medicine, 29 (3), 369-76.
    • Malone, M. (2001). The Health Experience of Irish People in a North West London “Community Saved”. Community, Work and Family, 4 (2), 195-213.
    • Marmot, M.G., Adelstein, A.M., & Bulusu, L. (1984). Immigrant Mortality in England And Wales, 1970-1978: Causes of Death by Country of Birth. Studies on Medical and Population Subjects No. 47. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
    • Marmot, M.G., Bosma, H., Hemingway, H., Brunner, E., & Stansfeld, S. (1997). Contribution of Job Control and Other Risk Factors to Social Variations in Coronary Heart Disease Incidence. Lancet, 350, 235-239.
    • McCambridge, J., Conlon, P., Keaney, F., Wanigaratne, S., & Strang, J. (2004). Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Problems among the Irish in London: A Preliminary Comparison of Pub Drinkers in London and Dublin. Addiction Research and Theory, 12 (4), 373-384.
    • McCarvill, P.A. (2002). An Examination of Ethnic Identity: A Case Study of “Second generation” Irish People in Birmingham. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Warwick.
    • McCluskey, D. (1989). Health: People's beliefs and Practices. Dublin: the Stationary Office.
    • Miles, R. (1982). Chapter 6: Labour Migration and Racism: the Case of the Irish. In R. Miles (Ed.), Racism and Migrant Labour (pp. 121-150). Great Britain: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.
    • Mindell, J. & Zaninotto, P. (2006). Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes. In K. Sproston & J. Mindell (Eds.), Health Survey for England 2004 Volume 1: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups. Leeds: The Information Centre. Retrieved January 20, 2008, from http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/ healthsurvey2004 ethnicfull/ HealthSurveyforEnglandVol1_210406_PDF.pdf
    • Modood, T. Berthoud, R. & Lakey, J. et al. (1997). Ethnic Minorities in Britain: Diversity and Disadvantage. London: Policy Studies Institute.
    • Modood, T., Berthoud, R., & Nazroo, J. (2002). “Race”, Racism and Ethnicity: A Response to Ken Smith. Sociology, 36, 419-427.
    • Modood, T. (2003). New forms of Britishness: Post-Immigration Ethnicity and Hybridity in Britain. In R. Sackmann, B. Peters and T. Faist (Eds.), Identity and Integration: Migrants in Western Europe (pp. 77-89). Aldershot: Ashgate.
    • Modood, T. (2004). Capitals, Ethnic Identity and Educational Qualifications, Cultural Trends, 13 (2), 87-105.
    • Mullen, K., Williams, R., & Hunt, K. (1996). Irish Descent, Religion, and Alcohol and Tobacco Use. Addiction, 91 (2), 243-254.
    • Natarajan, L. (2006). Self-reported Health and Psychological Well-Being. In K. Sproston & J. Mindell (Eds.), Health Survey for England 2004 Volume 1: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups. Leeds: The Information Centre. Retrieved January 20, 2008, from http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/ healthsurvey2004ethnicfull/ HealthSurveyforEnglandVol1_210406_PDF.pdf
    • Nazroo, J. (1997a). The Health of Britain's Ethnic Minorities: Findings from a National Survey. London: Policy Studies Institute.
    • Nazroo, J. (1997b). Ethnicity and Mental Health: Findings from a National Community Survey. London: Policy Studies Institute.
    • Nazroo, J. (1998). Genetic, Cultural or Socio-economic Vulnerability? Explaining Ethnic Inequalities in Health. Sociology of Health and Illness, 20 (5), 710-730.
    • Nazroo, J. (2001). Ethnicity, Class and Health. London, England: Policy Studies Institute
    • Nazroo, J. (2003). The Structuring of Ethnic Inequalities in Health: Economic Position, Racial Discrimination, and Racism. American Journal of Public Health, 93 (2), 277-284.
    • Neeleman, J., Mak, V., & Wessely, S. (1997). Suicide by Age, Ethnic Group, Coroners'Verdicts and Country of Birth: A Three Year Survey in Inner London, British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 463-467.
    • Neeleman, J., and Wessely, S. (1999). Ethnic Minority Suicide: A Small Area Geographical Study in South London. Psychological Medicine, 29, 429-36.
    • Raftery, J., Jones, D.R., & Rosato, M. (1990). The Mortality of First and Second Generation Irish Immigrants in the UK. Social Science and Medicine, 31, 577- 584.
    • Raleigh, V., & Balarajan, R. (1992). Suicide Levels and Trends among Immigrants in England and Wales. Health Trends, 24, 91-4.
    • Ratcliffe, P. (2004). “Race”, Ethnicity and Difference: Imagining the Inclusive Society. England: Open University Press.
    • Richmond, C. A.M., Ross, N. A., & Egeland, G.M. (2007). Social Support and Thriving Health: New Approach to Understanding the Health of Indigenous Canadians. American Journal of Public Health, 97 (10), 1827-1833.
    • Ritchie, J., Spencer, L., & O'Connor, W. (2003). Carrying Out Qualitative Analysis. In J. Ritchie & J. Lewis (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers (pp. 219-262). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
    • Ruggiero, K.M. & Taylor, D.M. (1995). Coping with Discrimination: How Disadvantaged Group Members Perceive the Discrimination that Confronts Them. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol., 68, 826-838.
    • Ryan, L., Leavey, G., Golden, A., Blizard, R., & King, M. (2006). Depression in Irish Migrants Living in London: Case-Control Study, British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 560-566.
    • Sproston, K., & Bhui, K. (2002). Coping Mechanisms. In W. O'Connor & J. Nazroo (Eds.), Ethnic Differences in the Context and Experience of Psychiatric Illness: A qualitative study (pp. 41-50). London: TSO.
    • Sproston, K. & Mindell, J. (2006). Health Survey for England 2004 Volume 1: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups. Leeds: The Information Centre. Retrieved January 20, 2008, from http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/ healthsurvey2004 ethnicfull/HealthSurveyforEnglandVol1_210406_PDF.pdf
    • Stansfeld, S.A. (1999). Social Support and Social Cohesion. In M. Marmot & R.G. Wilkinson, (Eds.), Social Determinants of Health (pp. 155-178). Oxford: University Press.
    • Sullivan, M., Chao, S.S., Allen, C.A., Kone, A., Pierre-Louis, M., & Krieger, J. (2003). Community-Researcher Partnerships: Perspectives from the Field. In M. Minkler & N. Wallerstein (Eds.), Community Based Participatory Research for Health (pp. 113-130). Jossey-Bass: San Francisco, CA.
    • Tilki, M. (1994). Ethnic Irish Older People. British Journal of Nursing, 3 (17), 909- 913.
    • Tilki, M. (2006). The Social Contexts of Drinking among Irish Men in London. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 13 (3), 247-261.
    • Townsend, P., & Davidson, N. (1982). Inequalities in Health: The Black Report. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
    • Townsend, P., Davidson, N., & Whitehead, M. (1992). Inequalities in Health: The Black Report and the Health Divide. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
    • Ullah, P. (1985). Second Generation Irish Youth: Identity and Ethnicity. New Community, 12, 310-320.
    • Wardle, H. (2006). Use of Tobacco Products. In K. Sproston & J. Mindell (Eds.), Health Survey for England 2004 Volume 1: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups. Leeds: The Information Centre. Retrieved January 20, 2008, from http://www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/ healthsurvey2004ethnicfull/ HealthSurveyforEnglandVol1_210406_PDF.pdf.
    • Weich, S., Nazroo, J., Sproston, K., McManus, S., Blanchard, M., Erens, B., Karlsen, S., King, M., Lloyd, K., Stansfeld, S., & Tyrer, P. (2004). Common Mental Disorder and Ethnicity in England: the EMPIRIC Study, Psychological Medicine, 34, 1543-1551.
    • Wild, S., & Mckeigue, P. (1997). Cross Sectional Analysis of Mortality by Country of Birth in England and Wales. British Medical Journal, 314, 705-710.
  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    Title Trust
    45
    45%
    45
    45%
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article