Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Zhou, Bin; Bentham, James; Di Cesare, Mariachiara; Bixby, Honor; Danaei, Goodarz; Cowan, Melanie J; Paciorek, Christopher J; Singh, Gitanjali; Hajifathalian, Kaveh; Bennett, James E; Taddei, Cristina; Bilano, Ver; Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M; Djalalinia, Shirin; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Lugero, Charles; Peykari, Niloofar; Zhang, Wan Zhu; Lu, Yuan; Stevens, Gretchen A; Riley, Leanne M; Bovet, Pascal; Elliott, Paul; Gu, Dongfeng; Ikeda, Nayu; Jackson, Rod T; Joffres, Michel; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Laatikainen, Tiina; Lam, Tai Hing ... view all 772 authors View less authors (2017)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Worldwide trends, Kardiologi, 610 Medicine & health, Health Sciences, Systolic blood pressure, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Hipertensió, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI), Bayes Theorem, :Medisinske Fag: 700::Klinisk medisinske fag: 750 [VDP], Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems, trends, MONICA PROJECT, Global Health, Blood Pressure, INCOME COUNTRIES, risk factors, :Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800 [VDP], VDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Clinical medical disciplines: 750, CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS, Hälsovetenskaper, Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna, *global health, General Practice, Medicine (all), Chronic kidney disease, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D013485, VDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Klinisk medisinske fag: 750, Allmänmedicin, GLOBAL BURDEN, PREVALENCE, fi=Biolääketieteet | en=Biomedicine|, *blood pressure, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D016428, Cardiovascular diseases, NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, UNITED-STATES, fi=Sisätaudit | en=Internal medicine|, Q, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, SECULAR TRENDS, Journal Article, Comment, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D016420, Medicine and Health Sciences, SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS, Population-based studies, :Medisinske Fag: 700::Basale medisinske, odontologiske og veterinærmedisinske fag: 710 [VDP], diabetes, humans, Articles, HYPERTENSION, worldwide survey, HEALTH EXAMINATION SURVEYS
Background Raised blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. We estimated worldwide trends in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of, and number of people with, raised blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher. Methods For this analysis, we pooled national, subnational, or community population-based studies that had measured blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends from 1975 to 2015 in mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure, and the prevalence of raised blood pressure for 200 countries. We calculated the contributions of changes in prevalence versus population growth and ageing to the increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure. Findings We pooled 1479 studies that had measured the blood pressures of 19·1 million adults. Global age-standardised mean systolic blood pressure in 2015 was 127·0 mm Hg (95% credible interval 125·7–128·3) in men and 122·3 mm Hg (121·0–123·6) in women; age-standardised mean diastolic blood pressure was 78·7 mm Hg (77·9–79·5) for men and 76·7 mm Hg (75·9–77·6) for women. Global age-standardised prevalence of raised blood pressure was 24·1% (21·4–27·1) in men and 20·1% (17·8–22·5) in women in 2015. Mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure decreased substantially from 1975 to 2015 in high-income western and Asia Pacific countries, moving these countries from having some of the highest worldwide blood pressure in 1975 to the lowest in 2015. Mean blood pressure also decreased in women in central and eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and, more recently, central Asia, Middle East, and north Africa, but the estimated trends in these super-regions had larger uncertainty than in high-income super-regions. By contrast, mean blood pressure might have increased in east and southeast Asia, south Asia, Oceania, and sub-Saharan Africa. In 2015, central and eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and south Asia had the highest blood pressure levels. Prevalence of raised blood pressure decreased in high-income and some middle-income countries; it remained unchanged elsewhere. The number of adults with raised blood pressure increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1·13 billion in 2015, with the increase largely in low-income and middle-income countries. The global increase in the number of adults with raised blood pressure is a net effect of increase due to population growth and ageing, and decrease due to declining age-specific prevalence. Interpretation During the past four decades, the highest worldwide blood pressure levels have shifted from high-income countries to low-income countries in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa due to opposite trends, while blood pressure has been persistently high in central and eastern Europe. Wellcome Trust. Copyright © The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY license. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Share - Bookmark

Published in

Funded by projects

  • WT
  • EC | ePerMed

Cite this article