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Grainger, Catherine; Williams, David M.; Lind, Sophie E. (2016)
Publisher: Springer US
Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: RC, Judgment of learning, Memory, BF, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Theory of mind, Metacognition, Mindreading, Metamemory, Original Paper, Autism
This study explored whether adults and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate difficulties making metacognitive judgments, specifically judgments of learning. Across two experiments, the study examined whether individuals with ASD could accurately judge whether they had learnt a piece of information (in this case word pairs). In Experiment 1, adults with ASD demonstrated typical accuracy on a standard ‘cue-alone’ judgment of learning (JOL) task, compared to age- and IQ-matched neurotypical adults. Additionally, in Experiment 2, adolescents with ASD demonstrated typical accuracy on both a standard ‘cue-alone’ JOL task, and a ‘cue-target’ JOL task. These results suggest that JOL accuracy is unimpaired in ASD. These results have important implications for both theories of metacognition in ASD and educational practise.
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