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Khalid, Sundus; Williams, Claire M.; Reynolds, Shirley A. (2016)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
This review critically evaluates previous research investigating the association between dietary intake of children and young people and depression and related mental health problems. A systematic literature search was conducted using electronic databases such as PSYCINFO, MEDLINE, PUBMED and COCHRANE. Twenty studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria and were subsequently rated for quality. The studies used a range of methods to measure dietary intake and mental health. Important potential confounding variables (e.g. socio-economic status) were often not included or controlled. There were also inconsistencies in the use of key constructs, which made comparisons between studies difficult. Despite some contradictory results, overall there was support for an association between healthy dietary patterns or consumption of a high quality diet and lower levels of depression or better mental health. Similarly, there was a relationship between unhealthy diet and consumption of low quality diet and depression or poor mental health. However, where significant relationships were reported effect sizes were small. Future research on the relationship between diet and mental health in young people should use more clearly defined constructs to define diet and include or control for important confounds.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

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    • 68. Dubowitz T, Heron M, Bird CE et al. (2008). Neighborhood socioeconomic status and fruit and vegetable Not enough information to calculate effect size. Variety and increased adequacy in diet significantly associated with internalising disorder (IRR=0.45* CI=0.25, 0.82 and IRR=0.64* CI=0.34, 1.2 respectively). Not associated with emotional problems: Overall diet quality not significantly associated with internalising disorder (IRR=1.09 CI=0.73, 1.63) Moderation in diet not associated with internalising disorder (IRR=1.07 CI=0.66, 1.73). Balance in diet not associated with internalising disorder (IRR=1.06 CI=0.66, 1.73). Fruit and vegetables (IRR=1.25 CI=0.80, 1.99), Folate (IRR=1.21 CI=0.64, 2.32), Vitamin B6(IRR=1.05 CI=0.56, 1.99), Vitamin B12 (IRR=0.77CI=0.5, 1.17), Fish intake (IRR=0.59 CI=0.41, 1.55), n-3 fatty acid (IRR=0.97 CI=0.61, 1.55), n3:n6 ratio (IRR=0.9 CI=0.67, 1.21), percentage energy from fat(IRR=0.82 CI=0.55, 1.22).
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