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Johnson, Colin G. (2004)
Publisher: Sociaty for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour
Languages: English
Types: Unknown
Subjects: QA76
This paper considers Damasio's concept of the somatic marker from two new perspectives. The first of these considers them from the point of view of Dawkins's concept of the extended phenotype. This is used to develop the idea of the extended somatic marker, viz. a marker which uses some non-somatic feature of the external world in a similar fashion to the somatic marker. Secondly an analogy is developed with the concept of hardware interlocks in safety-critical systems. This is used to suggest why it is important that somatic markers are bodily states and not just mental markers.
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    • A.R. Damasio. Descartes' Error : Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain. Gosset/Putnam Press, 1994.
    • Richard Dawkins. The Extended Phenotype. Oxford University Press, 1982.
    • S.J. Gould and R.C. Lewontin. The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: A critique of the adaptationist program. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 205(1161):581-598, 1979.
    • N. Leveson and C. Turner. An investigation of the Therac25 accidents. IEEE Computer, 26(7):18-41, 1993.
    • Nancy Leveson. Safeware: System Safety and Computers. Addison-Wesley, 1995.
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