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Lovsin, Robert Daniel (2011)
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: UG0443, U263
This dissertation examines the reasons why states want to acquire nonconventional\ud weapons and analyzes interconnections between decisions on nuclear\ud weapons (NW) on the one hand and chemical/biological weapons (CBW) on the other.\ud Much of the literature on non-conventional weapons has tended to focus either on\ud nuclear weapons or on CBW, with CBW often portrayed as the “poor man’s nuclear\ud bomb.” While there is some truth in this, the interconnections between decisions to\ud develop NW and decisions to develop CBW are more numerous, more varied and more\ud nuanced.\ud \ud The dissertation examines non-conventional armament processes in the United\ud Kingdom and Iraq. Using two disparate cases provides the analysis with a\ud comprehensive data set, the lessons from which have formed the basis of the analysis.\ud Having nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons for the purpose of use is not\ud always a state’s ultimate goal and factors as wide-ranging as national prestige and the\ud maintenance of international relationships are important in determining why some states\ud decide to pursue NBC weapons. The case study findings have been synthesized into\ud four key areas in which NBC linkages are particularly significant: strategic issues and\ud strategic cultures; political considerations; economics and finances; and future\ud challenges.\ud \ud The key finding is that there are interconnections that show how NW and CBW\ud influence each other. For example, both the UK and Iraq showed that if nuclear\ud weapons were not available, interest in CBW would increase. Conversely, possession of\ud nuclear weapons does not necessarily rule out interest in acquiring CBW armament.\ud \ud Non-conventional weapons present a significant challenge to the maintenance of\ud international peace and security. As this dissertation demonstrates, NBC weapons are\ud linked on many levels and it is important to understand how CBW can and do influence\ud policy on nuclear weapons and vice versa.
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    • AB 16/215B - Tube Alloys organisation: transfer of tube alloys to MOS, 1945-46 CAB 82/26 - Sub-Committee on Atomic Weapons, Minutes and Papers (DCOS and other Series), 1939-45
    • CAB 82/30 - Defence Research Policy Staff, 1946 CAB 130/2 - Atomic Energy: Meetings 1-16, 1945-46 CAB 130/3 - Atomic Energy: Papers 1-52, 1945-47 CAB 130/16 - Atomic Energy: Meeting 1, 8 JAN 1947 CAB 130/77 - Defence and Economic Policy: Meetings 1-7; Papers 1-21, 1952-53 CAB 130/100 - Atomic Energy Estimates: Meeting 1, 1954 DEFE 20/1 - Air Chief Marshal Sir W Elliot: US strategic air plan, 1950-52 DEFE 32/1 - Chiefs of Staff Committee: Secretary's Standard Files, 1946-50 DEFE 32/3 - Chiefs of Staff Committee: Secretary's Standard Files, 1953 DEFE 32/4 - Chiefs of Staff Committee: Secretary's Standard Files, 1954-55 DEFE 32/5 - Chiefs of Staff Committee: Secretary's Standard Files, 1956-57 ES 1/966 - Sir William Penney's pad copies of correspondence, 1945-56 PREM 3/139/5 - Tube alloys: membership of Combined Policy Committee, 1943-45 PREM 3/139/8A - Prime Minister's Office: Operational Correspondence and Papers, Tube alloys, 1941-45
    • WO 195/12976 - Biological Research Advisory Board: report on work of Board for 1954
    • WO 195/13313 - Advisory Council: minutes of 126th meeting, 1955 CAB 131/17 - Cabinet: Defence Committee: Minutes and Papers (DO, D and DC Series) Minutes and papers, 1956-1957
    • CAB 134/1315 - Policy Review: Meetings 1-10 (1956); Papers 1-50 (1956); Paper 1 (1957)
    • DEFE 10/490 - Defence Research Policy Committee: memoranda 1-48, 1962 DEFE 10/491 - Defence Research Policy Committee: memoranda 49-90, July-Dec 1962
    • DEFE 11/660 - Ministry of Defence: Chiefs of Staff Committee: Registered Files, Biological and chemical warfare, 1962 - 1967
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