LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bottoms, Lindsay; Hurst, Howard Thomas; Scriven, A.; Lynch, F.; Bolton, J.; Vercoe, L.; Shone, Z.; Barry, G.; Sinclair, Jonathan Kenneth
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: C630
Identifiers:doi:10.3920/CEP140015
The aim of the study was to determine whether caffeine mouth rinse would improve 30 min self-paced cycling trial. Twelve healthy active males (age 20.5±0.7 years, mass 87.4±18.3 kg) volunteered for the study. They attended the laboratory on 3 separate occasions performing a 30 min self-paced cycling trial. On one occasion water was given as a mouth rinse for 5 s (PLA), on another occasion a 6.4% maltodextrin (CHO) solution was given for 5 s and finally a caffeine solution (containing 32 mg of caffeine dissolved in 125 ml water; CAF) was given for 5 s. Distance cycled, heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion, cadence, speed and power output were recorded throughout all trials. Distance cycled during the CAF mouth rinse trial (16.2±2.8 km) was significantly greater compared to PLA trial (14.9±2.6 km). There was no difference between CHO and CAF trials (P=0.89). Cadence, power and velocity were significantly greater during the CAF trial compared to both PLA and CHO (P<0.05). There were no differences between trials for heart rate and perceived exertion (P>0.05). Caffeine mouth rinse improves 30 min cycling performance by allowing the participant to increase cadence, power and velocity without a concurrent increase in perceived exertion and heart rate.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Astorino, T.A. and Roberson, D.W. 2010. Efficacy of Acute Caffeine Ingestion for Short-term High-Intensity Exercise Performance: A Systematic Review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24: 257-265.
    • 2. Beaven, C.M., Maulder, P., Pooley, A., Kilduff. L. and Cook, C. 2013. Effects of caffeine and carbohydrate mouth rinses on repeated sprint performance. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 38(6): 633-7.
    • 3. Beck, T. W., Housh, T.J., Malek, M.H., Mielke, M. and Hendrix, R. 2008.The Acute Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Supplementation on Bench Press Strength and Time to Running Exhaustion. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(5): 1654- 1658.
    • 4. Bellar, D., Kamimori, G.H. and Glickman, E.L. 2011.The Effects of Low-Dose Caffeine on Perceived Pain During a Grip-to-Exhaustion Task. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(5): 1225-1228.
    • 5. Blanchard, J. and Sawers, S. J.A. 1983. The absolute bioavailability of caffeine in man. Eur. J. clin.Pharmac, 24: 93-98.
    • 6. Bonati, M., Latini, R., Galletti, F., Young, J.F., Tognoni, G. and Garattini, S. 1982. Caffeine disposition after oral doses. Clin Pharmacol Ther, 32: 98-106.
    • 7. Borg, G. 1982. Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Medicine & Science In Sports & Exercise, 14 (5): 377-381.
    • 8. Bridge, C.A. and Jones, M.A. 2006. The effect of caffeine ingestion on 8 km run performance in a field setting. J. Sports Sci, 24(4): 433-9.
    • 9. Bruce, C.L., Anderson, M.E., Fraser, S.F., Stepto, N.K., Klein, R., Hopkins ,W.G. and Hawley, J.A. 2000. Enhancement of 2000-m Rowing Performance After Caffeine Ingestion. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 32: 1958 - 1963.
    • 10. Chambers, E.S., Bridge, M.W. and Jones, D.A. 2009. Carbohydrate sensing in the human mouth: effects on exercise performance and brain activity. Journal of Physiology, 587: 1779-1794.
    • 11. Davis, J. K. and Green, J.M. 2009. Caffeine and Anaerobic Performance Ergogenic Value and Mechanisms of Action. Sports Medicine, 39(10): 813-832.
    • 12. Doering, T.M., Fell, J.W., Leveritt, M.D., Desbrow, B., Shing, C.M. 2014. The effect of a caffeinated mouth-rinse on endurance cycling time-trial performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 24(1):90-7.
    • 13. Graham, T.E., Hibbert, E. and Sathasivam, P. 1998. Metabolic and exercise endurance effects of coffee and caffeine ingestion. J Appl Physiol, 85: 883-889.
    • 14. Hendrix, C.R., Housh, T.J., Mielke, M., Zuniga, J.M., Camic, C. L., Johnson, G.O., Schmidt, R. J. and Housh, D. J. 2010. Acute Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Supplement on Bench Press and Leg Extension Strength and Time to Exhaustion During Cycle Ergometry. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(3): 859- 865.
    • 15. Hudson, G.M., Green, J.M., Bishop, P.A. and Richardson, M.T. 2008. Effects of Caffeine and Aspirin on Light Resistance Training Performance, RPE, and Pain Perception. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(6): 1950-1957.
    • 16. Jacobson, B.H., Weber, M.D., Claypool, L. and Hunt, L.E. 1992. Effect of Caffeine on Maximal Strength and Power in Elite Male Athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 26(4): 276-280.
    • 17. Kamimori, G.H., Lugo, S.T., Penetar, D.M., Chamberlain, A.C., Brunhart, G.E., Brunhart, A.E. and Eddington, N.D. 1995. Dose-dependent caffeine pharmacokinetics during severe sleep deprivation in humans. Int. J. Clin. Pharmacol.Toxicol. Ther, 33 (1): 82-86.
    • 18. Kamimori, G.H., Penetar, D.M. and Headley, D.B. 2000. Effect of three caffeine doses on plasma catecholamines and alertness during prolonged wakefulness. Eur. J.Clin. Pharmacol, 56: 537-44.
    • 19. Kamimori, G.H., Karyekar, C.S., Otterstetter, R., Otterstetter, R., Cox, D.S., Balkin, T.J., Belenky, G.L. & Eddington, N.D. 2002. The rate of absorption and relative bioavailability of caffeine administered in chewing gum versus capsules to normal healthy volunteers. Int. J. Pharm, 234: 159-67.
    • 20. Meeusen, R., Roelands, B. and Spriet, L.L. 2013. Caffeine, Exercise and the Brain. Limits of Human Endurance, 76: 1-12.
    • 21. Nicolazzo, J.A., Reed, B.L. and Finnin, B.C. 2003. The effect of various in vitro conditions on the permeability characteristics of the buccal mucosa. J. Pharm. Sci, 92: 2399-2410.
    • 22. Paton, C., Lowe, T. and Irvine, A. 2010. Caffeinated chewing gum increases repeated sprint performance and augments increases in testosterone in competitive cyclists. Eur J Appl Physiol, 110: 1243-1250.
    • 23. Pottier, A., Bouckaert, J., Gilis, W., Roels, T. and Derave, W. 2010. Mouth rinse but not ingestion of a carbohydrate solution improves 1-h cycle time trial performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and. Science in Sports, 20: 105-111.
    • 24. Roelands, B., Buyse, L., Pauwels, F., Delbeke, F., Deventer, K. and Meeusen, R. 2011. No effect on exercise perforamance in high ambient temperature. European journal of applied physiology, 111: 3089-3095.
    • 25. Rollo, I., Williams, C., Gant, N. and Nute, M. 2008. The influence of carbohydrate mouth rinse on self-selected speeds during a 30-min treadmill run. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 18: 585-60.
    • 26. Ryan, E.J., Kim, C., Fickes, J.E., Williamson, M., Muller, D.M., Barkley, J.E., Gunstad, J. and Glickman, L.E 2013. Caffeine gum and cycling performance: a timing study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(1): 259-264.
    • 27. Sinclair, J., Bottoms, L., Flynn, C., Bradley, E., Alexander, G., McCullagh, S., Finn, T., and Hurst, T. 2014. The effect of different durations of carbohydrate mouth rinse on cycling performance. European Journal of Sports Science, 14(3):259-264.
    • 28. Sokmen, B., Armstrong, L.E., Kraemer, W. J., Casa, D.J., Dias, J.C., Judelson, D.A. and Maresh, C.M. 2008. Caffeine Use in Sports: Considerations for the Athlete. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(3): 978-986.
    • 29. Thakur, R., Meidan, V. and Michniak, B. 2007. Transdermal and buccal delivery of methylxanthines through human tissue in vitro. Drug Develop. & Ind. Pharmacy, 33: 513-521.
    • 30. Van Soeren, M.H. and Graham, T.E. 1998. Effect of caffeine on metabolism, exercise endurance, and catecholamine responses after withdrawal. Journal of Applied Physiology, 85(4): 1493-1501.
    • 31. Warren, G.L., Park, N.D., Maresca, R.D., McKibans, K.I. and Millard-Stafford, M.L. 2010. Effect of Caffeine Ingestion on Muscular Strength and Endurance: A MetaAnalysis. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(7): 1375-1387.
    • 32. Woolf, K., Bidwell, W.K. and Carlson, G.A. 2008. The Effect of Caffeine International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 18: 412
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article