LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Li, Y.; Ang, K.H.; Chong, G.C.Y. (2006)
Publisher: IEEE
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QA75, T201, QA76, T1

Classified by OpenAIRE into

ACM Ref: Hardware_CONTROLSTRUCTURESANDMICROPROGRAMMING
Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control provides simplicity, clear functionality, and ease of use. Since the invention of PID control in 1910 (largely owing to Elmer Sperry’s ship autopilot) and the straightforward Ziegler-Nichol (Z-N) tuning rule in 1942, the popularity of PID has grown tremendously. Today, PID is used in more than 90% of practical control systems, ranging from consumer electronics to industrial processes. The wide application of PID has stimulated and sustained the development and patenting of various tuning and associated system identification techniques. For example, sophisticated software packages and ready-made hardware modules are developed to facilitate on-demand tuning and to "get the best out of PID". However, to achieve optimal transient performance, tuning methods vary, and there exists no standardization of PID structures at present. This article provides an overview and analysis of PID patents, commercial software packages, and hardware modules. We also highlight differences between academic research and industrial practice, so as to motivate new research directions in PID technology.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [1] J.G. Ziegler and N.B. Nichols, “Optimum settings for automatic controllers,” Trans. ASME, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 759-768, 1942.
    • [2] K.J. Åström and T. Hägglund, “PID control,” in The Control Handbook, W.S. Levine, Eds. Piscataway, NJ: CRC Press/IEEE Press, 1996, pp. 198-209.
    • [3] L. Wang, T.J.D. Barnes, and W.R. Cluett, “New frequency-domain design method for PID controllers,” Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng., pt. D, vol. 142, no. 4, pp. 265-271, 1995.
    • [4] J. Quevedo and T. Escobet, Eds., “Digital control: Past, present and future of PID control,” in Proc. IFAC Workshop, Terrassa, Spain, Apr. 5, 2000.
    • [5] “Getting the best out of PID in machine control,” in Dig. IEE PG16 Colloquium (96/287), London, UK, Oct. 24, 1996.
    • [6] H. Kashiwagi and Y. Li, “Nonparametric nonlinear model predictive control,” Korean J. Chem. Eng., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 329-337, 2004.
    • [7] W. Feng and Y. Li, “Performance indices in evolutionary CACSD automation with application to batch PID generation,” in Proc.10th IEEE Int. Symp. Computer Aided Control System, Hawaii, Aug. 1999, pp. 486-491.
    • [8] Y. Li, K.H. Ang, G. Chong, W. Feng, K.C. Tan, and H. Kashiwagi, “CAutoCSD-Evolutionary search and optimisation enabled computer-automated control system design,” Int. J. Automat. Comput., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 76-88, 2004.
    • [9] Y. Li, K.H. Ang, and G. Chong, “PID control system analysis and design,” IEEE Contr. Syst. Mag., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 32-41, 2006.
    • [10] Stanford Research Systems, “Analogue PID controller,” IEEE Contr. Syst. Mag., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 13, 2005.
    • [11] K.J. Åström and T. Hägglund, PID Controllers: Theory, Design, and Tuning. Research Triangle Park, NC: Instrument Soc. Amer., 1995.
    • [12] K.J. Åström, T. Hägglund, C.C. Hang, and W.K. Ho, “Automatic tuning and adaptation for PID controllers-A survey,” Contr. Eng. Pract., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 699-714, 1993.
    • [13] R. Cao and T. McAvoy, “Evaluation of a pattern recognition adaptive PID controller,” Automatica, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 797-801, July 1990.
    • [14] T. Hägglund and K.J. Åström, “Industrial adaptive controllers based on frequency response techniques,” Automatica, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 599-609, July 1991.
    • [15] C.C. Hang and K.K. Sin, “A comparative performance study of PID auto-tuners,” IEEE Contr. Syst. Mag., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 41-47, Aug. 1991.
    • [16] B.J. Minter and D.G. Fisher, “A comparison of adaptive controllers: Academic vs. industrial,” in Proc. 1988 American Control Conf., Atlanta, GA, 1988, pp. 1653-1658.
    • [17] H.J. Versteeg, H.J. Jansma, and K. Turner, “Evaluation of commercially available adaptive controllers,” Journal A, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 120-126, 1986.
    • [18] Specification Data File of Commander 355, ABB, Zurich, Switzerland, SS/C355, Issue 3, 2001.
    • [19] Instruction Manual of MICRO-DCI 53SL6000, ABB, Zurich, Switzerland, PN24991, 2001.
    • [20] Product Specifications of I/A Series 716C 1/16 DIN Temperature Controller, Invensys Process Systems, Foxboro, MA, PSS 2C-1B5 A, 1996.
    • [21] Technical Information of EXACT Tuning with 762, 760, and 740 Series Controllers, Invensys Process Systems, Foxboro, Massachusetts, TI039-200, Aug. 1995.
    • [22] K.H. Ang, G. Chong, and Y. Li, “PID control system analysis, design, and technology,” IEEE Trans. Contr. Syst. Tech., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 559-576, 2005.
    • [23] National Instruments, LabVIEW PID Control Toolset for WindowsProducts and services-National Instruments [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://sine.ni.com/apps/we/nioc.vp?cid=1394&lang=US
    • [24] BESTune, PID controller tuning [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://bestune.50megs.com
    • [25] OPC Foundation, The OPC Foundation-Dedicated to interoperability in automation [Online]. June 2002. Available: http://www.opcfoundation.org
    • [26] Control Engineering, Control engineering-Single-loop controllers dominate marketplace [Online]. May 1998. Available: http://www. manufacturing.net/ctl/article/CA189397
    • [27] EnTech Toolkit Tuner Module, Emerson Process Management-EnTechTuner Module [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www. emersonprocess.com/entechcontrol/products/tune/index.asp
    • [28] DeltaV Tune, DeltaV product data sheet [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.easydeltav.com/productdata/pds/index.asp
    • [29] Honeywell International Inc. [Online]. May 2004. Available: http:// www.acs.honeywell.com
    • [30] C. Wilson and C. Callen, Close process control translates to quality heat treated parts [Online]. Jan 2004. Available: http:// www.industrialheating.com/CDA/ArticleInformation/coverstory/ BNPCoverStoryItem/0,2830,116383,00.html
    • [31] ABB, The ABB Group [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www. abb.com
    • [32] C.B. Brosilow, Coleman Brosilow [Online]. June 2002. Available: http://www.cwru.edu/cse/eche/people/faculty/brosilow/brosilow.htm
    • [33] Control Arts Inc., Control Arts Inc: Process control, alarm analysis, abnormal situation management, engineering analysis and operations management software [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www. controlartsinc.com/index.html
    • [34] Control & Optimization Specialists, COSpecialists-Control & Optimization Specialists [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.cospecialists. com/index.html
    • [35] Control Soft Inc., Control Soft Inc.-The company with leading control technologies [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.controlsoftinc. com/index.shtml
    • [36] D. Cooper, Control station is software for process control training, tuning and analysis [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.engr.uconn. edu/control/index.html
    • [37] EngineSoft, pIDtune-Integrated system identification and PID controller design [Online]. June 2002. Available: http://www.pidtune.com/ index.html
    • [38] ExperTune Inc., Process performance monitoring and optimization, analysis, simulation, and PID tuning [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.expertune.com
    • [39] Ingénierie Pour Slgnaux et Systèmes (IPSIS), Easy PID tuning [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.ipsis.com/produits/Pidtuning/ pidtuning.htm
    • [40] Innovention Industries Inc., Tune Plus-PID tuning product [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.innovin.com/tuneplus.htm
    • [41] Lambda Controls, Lambda Controls: A process control optimization company [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.lambdacontrols.com
    • [42] Metso Automation Inc., Metso Automation-High level automation solutions, systems and services [Online]. May 2004. Available: h t t p : / / w w w . m e t s o a u t o m a t i o n . c o m / a u t o m a t i o n / h o m e . n s f / FR?ReadForm&ATL=/Automation/Epprod.nsf/WebWID/WTB-010912- 2256A-8C73F
    • [43] Plant Automation Services Inc., PAS home page [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.tunewizard.com
    • [44] Rockwell, RSTune-Overview [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.software.rockwell.com/rstune/
    • [45] Techmation Inc., Techmation [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://protuner.com
    • [46] TiPS Inc., TiPSWEB Tune-a-Fish Page [Online]. Oct 2002. Available: http://www.tipsweb.com/tuneafish.htm
    • [47] Matrikon Inc., Advanced process control-ProcessACT at Matrikon.com [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.matrikon.com/products/processact/index.asp
    • [48] Communications and Systems, COTEMS [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.cotems.com/anglais/default.htm
    • [49] Specialized control, PID controltTuning-Analytical PID tuning methods for feedback control systems [Online]. June 2002. Available: http://www.specializedcontrol.com
    • [50] Visual Solutions Inc., Visual Solutions, Inc.-VisSim, VisSim/Comm and VisSim/DSP home page [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www. vissim.com/products/addons/optimize.html
    • [51] ACT, ACT GmbH home page [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.act-control.com
    • [52] ADAPTECH, Adaptech-Identification and advanced control [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.adaptech.com/Ang/menu_a.html
    • [53] Algosys Inc., Algosys-Solutions and technology [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.algosys.com/solutions/othertech.asp
    • [54] Artcon Inc., Artcon Inc. [Online]. May 2004. Available: http:// artcon.com/artcon.html
    • [55] CP Engineering Systems Ltd., NF CADET V12 page 1 [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.cpengineering.com/exthtmnf/Nfcadetv12. html
    • [56] Cutler Johnston Corporation, Products [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.cutlerjohnston.com/Products.htm
    • [57] Delta Tau Data Systems Inc, PMAC Executive Pro Suite [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.deltatau.com/PMACExecutiveSuite.htm
    • [58] Intelligent Tuner, PROVOX-Product Data-Control [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.provox-secure.com/product/control.asp
    • [59] OvationTune, Westinghouse process control: Products: Ovation: Descriptions: Tuning tools [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www. westinghousepc.com/ovation/details-tuningtools.cfm
    • [60] IPCOS Netherlands/Belgium, IPCOS creators in control [Online]. May 2004, Available: http://www.ipcos.be/welcome.htm
    • [61] ISE Inc., Commander software data sheet [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://instserv.com/commande.htm
    • [62] Israel Electric Corporation, Optimal PID tuning through best process identification [Online]. May 2004, Available: http://www. geocities.com/ ugf4aggnn/CSTPmain.htm
    • [63] JC Systems, Untitled document [Online]. May 2004. Available: http://www.jcsystemsinc.com/html/tool_oview.html
    • [64] S. Raczynski, PID controller settings [Online]. May 2004. Available:
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article