Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Satow, C.; Tomlinson, E.L.; Grant, K.M.; Albert, P.G.; Smith, V.C.; Manning, C.J.; Ottolini, L.; Wulf, S.; Rohling, E.J.; Lowe, J.J.; Blockley, S.P.E.; Menzies, M.A. (2015)
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal: Quaternary Science Reviews
Types: Article
Subjects: Global and Planetary Change, geography, earth, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Geology
Tephra layers preserved in marine sediments can contribute to the reconstruction of volcanic histories and potentially act as stratigraphic isochrons to link together environmental records. Recent developments in the detection of volcanic ash (tephra) at levels where none is macroscopically visible (so-called ‘crypto-tephra’) have greatly enhanced the potential of tephrostratigraphy for synchronising environmental and archaeological records by expanding the areas over which tephras are found. In this paper, crypto-tephra extraction techniques allow the recovery of 8 non-visible tephra layers to add to the 9 visible layers in a marine sediment core (LC21) from the SE Aegean Sea to form the longest, single core record of volcanic activity in the Aegean Sea. Using a novel, shard-specific methodology, sources of the tephra shards are identified on the basis of their major and trace element single-shard geochemistry, by comparison with geochemical data from proximal Mediterranean volcanic stratigraphies. The results indicate that the tephra layers are derived from 14 or 15 separate eruptions in the last ca. 161 ka BP: 9 from Santorini; 2 or 3 from Kos, Yali, or Nisyros; 2 from the Campanian province; and one from Pantelleria. The attributions of these tephra layers indicate that 1) inter-Plinian eruptions from Santorini may have produced regionally significant tephra deposits, 2) marine tephrostratigraphies can provide unique and invaluable data to eruptive histories for island volcanoes, and 3) tephra from both Pantelleria and Campania may be used to correlate marine records from the Aegean Sea to those from the Tyrrhenian, Adriatic and Ionian Seas.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abu-Zied, R.H., Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Casford, J., Cooke, S., 2008. Benthic foram response to changes in bottom-water oxygenation and organic carbon flux in the eastern Mediterranean during LGM to recent times. Mar. Micropaleontol. 67, 46e68.
    • Aksu, A.E., Jenner, G., Hiscott, R.N., Isler, E.B., 2008. Occurrence, stratigraphy and geochemistry of late Quaternary tephra layers in the Aegean Sea and Marmara Sea. Mar. Geol. 252, 174e192.
    • Albert, P.G., Tomlinson, E.L., Smith, V.C., Di Roberto, A., Todman, A., Rosi, M., Marani, M., Muller, W., Menzies, M.A., 2012. Marine-continental tephra correlations: volcanic glass geochemistry from the Marsili Basin and the Aeolian Islands, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 229e230, 74e94.
    • Albert, P.A., Hardiman, M., Keller, J., Tomlinson, E., Smith, V.C., Bourne, A.J., Wulf, S., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Ottolini, L., Matthews, I.P., Blockley, S.P.E., Menzies, M., 2014. Revisiting the Y-3 tephrostratigraphic marker: a new diagnostic glass geochemistry, age estimate and details on its climatostratigraphical context. Quat. Sci. Rev. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.04.002 (in press).
    • Allen, S.R., McPhie, J., 2000. Water-settling and resedimentation of submarine rhyolitic pumice at Yali, eastern Aegean, Greece. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 95, 285e307.
    • Ascough, P., Cook, G., Dugmore, A., 2005. Methodological approaches to determining the marine radiocarbon reservoir effect. Prog. Phys. Geogr. 29, 523e547.
    • Bachmann, O., Charlier, B.L.A., Lowenstern, J.B., 2007. Zircon crystallisation and recycling in the magma chamber of the Kos Plateau Tuff (Aegean Arc). Geology 35, 73e76.
    • Bachmann, O., Schoene, B., Schnyder, C., Spikings, R., 2010. The 40Ar/39Ar and U/Pb dating of young rhyolites in the Kos-Nisyros volcanic complex, Eastern Aegean Arc, Greece: age discordance due to excess 40Ar in biotite. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 11, 1525e2027.
    • Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Kaufman, A., 2000. Timing and hydrological conditions of Sapropel events in the Eastern Mediterranean, as evident from speleothems, Soreq cave, Israel. Chem. Geol. 169, 145e156.
    • Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Gilmour, M., Matthews, A., Hawkesworth, C.J., 2003. Sea-land oxygen isotopic relationships from planktonic foraminifera and speleothems in the Eastern Mediterranean region and their implication for paleorainfall during interglacial intervals. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67, 3181e3199.
    • Blockley, S.P.E., Pyne-O' Donnel, S.D.F., Lowe, J.J., Matthews, I.P., Stone, A., Pollard, A.M., Turney, C.S.M., Molyneux, E.G., 2005. A new and less destructive laboratory procedure for the physical separation of distal glass shards from sediments. Quat. Sci. Rev. 24, 1952e1960.
    • Bronk Ramsey, C., 2008. Deposition models for chronological records. Quat. Sci. Rev. 27, 42e60.
    • Bronk Ramsey, C., Housley, R.A., Lane, C.S., Smith, V.C., Pollard, A.M., 2014. The RESET database and associated analytical tools. Quat. Sci. Rev. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.008.
    • Bourne, A.J., Lowe, J.J., Trincardi, A., Asioli, A., Blockley, S.P.E., Wulf, S., Matthews, I.P., Piva, A., Vigliotti, L., 2010. Distal tephra record for the last ca 105,000 years from the core PRAD 1e2 in the central Adriatic Sea: implications for marine tephrostratigraphy. Quat. Sci. Rev. 29, 3079e3094.
    • Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R., Cooke, S., Fontanier, C., Leng, M., Lykousis, V., 2002. Circulation changes and nutrient concentrations in the late Quaternary Aegean Sea: a nonsteady state concept for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography 17, 14.1e14.11.
    • Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R.H., Fontanier, C., Jorissen, F.J., Leng, M.J., Schmiedl, G., Thomson, J., 2003. A dynamic concept for eastern Mediterranean circulation and oxygenation during sapropel formation. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 190, 103e119.
    • Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Fontanier, C., Leng, M., Millard, A., Thomson, J., 2007. A stratigraphically controlled multiproxy chronostratigraphy for the eastern Mediterranean. Paleoceanography 22, PA4215.
    • Cassidy, M., Watt, S.F.L., Palmer, M.R., Trofimovs, J., Symons, W., Maclachlan, S.E., Stinton, A.J., 2014. Construction of volcanic records from marine sediment cores: a review and case study (Montserrat, West Indies). Earth Sci. Rev. 138, 137e155.
    • Cita, M.B., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., Robert, C., Chamley, H., Ciaranfi, N., d'Onofrio, S., 1977. Paleoclimatic record of a long deep sea core from the eastern Mediterranean. Quat. Res. 8, 205e235.
    • Clift, P., Blusztajin, J., 1999. The trace-element characteristics of Agean and Aeolian volcanic arc tephra. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 92, 321e347.
    • Costa, A., Folch, A., Macedonio, G., Giaccio, B., Isaia, R., Smith, V.C., 2012. Quantifying volcanic ash dispersal and impact of the Campanian Ignimbrite super-eruption. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L10310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012GL051605.
    • Cramp, A., Vitaliano, C.J., Collins, M.B., 1989. Identification and dispersion of the Campanian ash layer (Y-5) in the sediments of the Eastern Mediterranean. Geo. Mar. Lett. 9, 19e25.
    • De Vivo., B., Rolandi, G., Gans., P.B., Calvert., A., Bohrson, W.A., Spera., F.J., Belkin., H.E., 2001. New constraints on the pyroclastic eruptive history of the Campanian volcanic Plain (Italy). Mineral. Petrol. 73, 47e65.
    • De Rijk, S., Hayes, A., Rohling., E.J., 1999. Eastern Mediterranean sapropel S1 interuption: and expression of the climatic deterioration around 7 ka BP. Mar. Geol. 153, 337e343.
    • Druitt, T.H., Mellors, R.A., Pyle, D.M., Sparks, R.S.J., 1989. Explosive volcanism on Santorini, Greece. Geol. Mag. 126, 95e126.
    • Druitt, T.H., Edwards, L., Mellors, R.M., Pyle, D.M., Sparks, R.S.J., Lanphere, M., Davies, M., Barriero, B., 1999. Santorini volcano. Geol. Soc. Mem. 19.
    • Druitt, T.H., Costa, F., Deloule, E., Scaillet, B., 2012. Decadal to monthly timescales of magma transfer and reservoir growth at a caldera volcano. Nature 482, 77e82.
    • Eastwood, W.J., Pearce, J.C., 1998. Recognition of Santorini (Minoan) tephra in lake sediments from Go€lhisar Go€lü, Southwest Turkey by Laser Ablation ICP-MS. J. Archaeol. Sci. 25, 677e687.
    • Eastwood, W.J., Pearce, N.J.G., Westgate, J.A., Perkins, W.T., Lamb, H.F., Roberts, N., 1999. Geochemistry of Santorini tephra in lake sediments from Southwest Turkey. Glob. Planet. Change 21, 17e19.
    • Federman, A.N., Carey, S.N., 1980. Electron microprobe correlation of tephra layers from Eastern Mediterranean. Quat. Res. 13, 160e171.
    • Giaccio, B., Nomade, S., Wulf, S., Isaia, R., Sottili, G., Cavuoto, G., Galli, P., Messina, P., Sposato, A., Sulpizio, R., Zanchetta, G., 2012. The late MIS 5 Mediterranean tephra markers: a reappraisal from peninsular. Quat. Sci. Rev. 56, 31e45.
    • Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Satow, C., Roberts, A.P., 2012. Rapid response of ice volume to polar temperature variations. Nature 491, 744e747.
    • Hamann, Y., Wulf, S., Ersoy, O., Ehrmann, W., Aydar, E., Schmiedl, G., 2010. First evidence of a distal early Holocene ash layer in Eastern Mediterranean deep-sea sediments derived from the Anatolian volcanic province. Quat. Res. 73, 497e506.
    • Hardiman, J., 1999. Deep sea tephra from Nisyros Island, Eastern Aegean Aea, Greece. Geol. Soc. Lond. Spec. Publ. 161, 69e88.
    • Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., Kroon, D., Zachariesse, W.J., 1999. Mediterranean planktonic foraminferal faunas during the Last Glacial cycle. Mar. Geol. 153, 239e252.
    • Hunt, J.B., Hill, P.G., 1993. Tephra geochemistry: a discussion of some persistent analytical problems. Holocene 3, 271e278.
    • Iorio, M., Liddicoat, J., Budillon, F., Incoronato, A., Coa, R.S., Insinga, D.D., Cassata, W.S., Lubritto, C., Angelino, A., Tamburrino, S., 2014. Combined palaeomagnetic secular variation and petrophysical records to time-constrain geological and hazardous events: an example from the eastern Tyrrhenian Sea over the last 120 ka. Glob. Planet. Change 113, 91e109.
    • Jochum, K.P., Stoll, B., Herwig, K., Willbold, M., 2007. Validation of LA-ICP-MS trace element analysis of geological glasses using a new solid-state 193 nm Nd:YAG laser and matrix-matched calibration. J. At. Spectrom. 22, 112e121.
    • Keller, J., Ryan, W.B.F., Ninkovich, D., Altherr, R., 1978. Explosive volcanic activity in the Mediterranean over the past 20,000 year as recorded in deep sea sediments. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 89, 591e604.
    • Lane, C.S., Andric, M., Cullen, V., Blockley, S., 2011. The occurrence of distal Icelandic and Italian tephra in the Lateglacial of Lake Bled, Slovenia. Quat. Sci. Rev. 30, 1013e1018.
    • Le Bas, M.J., Le Maitre, R.W., Strckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., 1986. A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram. J. Petrol. 27, 745e750.
    • le Roux, P.J., le Roex, A.P., Schilling, J.-G., Shimizu, N., Perkins, W.W., Pearce, N.J.G., 2002. Mantle heterogeneity beneath the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge: trace element evidence for contamination of ambient asthenospheric mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 203, 479e498.
    • Lee, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Hardiman, M., 2013. Modeling the age of the Cape Riva (Y2) tephra. Radiocarbon 55, 741e747.
    • Lowe, J., Blockley, S., Trincardi, F., Asioli, A., Cattaneo, A., Matthews, I.P., Pollard, M., Wulf, S., 2007. Age modelling of late Quaternary marine sequences in the Adriatic: towards improved precision and accuracy using volcanic event stratigraphy. Cont. Shelf Res. 27, 560e582.
    • Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V., Davies, W., Gamble, C., Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C., Lee, S., Lewis, M., MacLeod, A., Menzies, M., Muller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C.B., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D., Albert, P., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Boric, D., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Guadelli, J.- L., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis, M., Muller, U., Orsi, G., Pross, G., Rosi, M., Shalamanov-Korobar, L., Sirakov, N., Tzedakis, P.C., 2012. Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 34, 13532e13537.
    • MacDonald, R., 1974. Nomenclature and petrochemistry of the peralkaline oversaturated extrusive rocks. Bull. Volcanol. 38, 489e516.
    • Margari, V., Pyle, D.M., Bryant, C., Gibbard, P.L., 2007. Mediterranean tephra stratigraphy revisited: results from a long terrestrial sequence on Lesvos Island, Greece. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 163, 34e54.
    • Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Sangiorgi, F., Schouten, S., Sininghe Damste, J.S., 2007. Aegean Sea as driver of hydrographic and ecological changes in the eastern Mediterranean. Geology 35, 675e678.
    • Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sangiori, F., Hayes, A., Casford, J.L., Lotter, A.F., Kucera, M., Brinkhuis, H., 2009. Early and middle Holocene in the Aegean Sea: interplay between high and low latitude climate variability. Quat. Sci. Rev. 28, 3246e3262.
    • Müller, W., Shelley, M., Miller, P., Broude, S., 2009. Initial performance metrics of a new custom-designed ArF eximer LA-ICPMS system coupled to a two-volume laser-ablation cell. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 24, 209e214.
    • Narcisi, B., Vezzoli, L., 1999. Quaternary stratigraphy of distal tephra layers in the Mediterraneandan overview. Glob. Planet. Change 21, 31e50.
    • Osbourne, A.H., Marino, G., Vance, D., Rohling, E.J., 2010. Eastern Mediterranean surface water Nd during Eemian sapropel S5: monitoring northerly (mid-latitude) versus southerly (sub-tropical) freshwater contributions. Quat. Sci. Rev. 29, 2473e2483.
    • Paterne, M., Guichard, F., Duplessy, J.C., Siani, G., Sulpizio, R., Labeyrie, J., 2008. A 90,000e200,000 yrs marine tephra record of Italian volcanic activity in the central Mediterranean and Sea. J. or Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 177, 187e196.
    • Pearce, N.J.G., Bendall, C.A., Westgate, J.A., 2008. Comment on “Some numerical considerations in the geochemical analysis of distal crypto-tepha” by A.M. Pollard, S.P.E.Blockley and C.S.Lane. Appl. Geochem. 23, 1353e1364.
    • Pearce, N.J.G., Westgate, J.A., Perkins, W.T., Preece, S.J., 2004. The application of ICPMS methods to tephrochronological problems. Appl. Geochem. 19, 289e322.
    • Pyle, M.D., Rickets, G.D., Margari, V., van Andel, T.H., Sinitsyn, A.A., Praslov, N., Lisitsyn, S., 2006. Wide dispersal and dposition of distal tephra during the Pleistocene Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5 eruption, Italy. Quat. Sci. Rev. 25, 2713e2728.
    • Richardson, D., Ninkovich, D., 1976. Use of K2O, Rb, Zr, and Y versus SiO2 in volcanic ash layers of the eastern Mediterranean to trace their source. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 87, 110e116.
    • Rohling, E.J., Cane, T.R., Cooke, S., Sprovieri, M., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Kroon, D., Jorissen, F.J., Lorre, A., Kemp, A.E.S., 2002a. African monsoon variability during the previous interglacial maximum. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 202, 61e75.
    • Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., Abu-Zied, R.H., Casford, J.S.L., Hayes, A., 2002b. Holocene atmosphere-ocean interations: records from Greenland and the Aegean Sea. Clim. Dyn. 18, 587e593.
    • Rohling, E.J., Sprovieri, M., Cane, T., Casford, J.S.L., Cooke, S., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Rogerson, M., Hayes, A., Jorissen, F.J., Kroon, D., 2004. Reconstructing past planktic foraminiferal habitats using stable isotope data: a case history for Mediterranean sapropel S5. Mar. Micropaleontol. 50, 89e123.
    • Schiano, P., Clocchiatti, R., Ottolini, L., Busa', T., 2001. Transition of Mount Etna lavas from a mantle-plume to an island-arc magmatic source. Nature 412, 900e904.
    • Schiano, P., Clocchiatti, R., Ottolini, L., Sbrana, A., 2004. The relationship between potassic, calc-alkaline and Na-alkaline magmatism in South Italy volcanoes: a melt inclusion approach. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 220, 121e137.
    • Siani, G., Sulpizio, R., Paterne, M., Sbrana, A., 2003. Tephrostratigraphy study for the last 18,000 14C years in a deep-sea sediment sequence for the South Adriatic. Quat. Sci. Rev. 23, 2485e2500.
    • Smith, P.E., York, D., Chen, Y., Evensen, N.M., 1996. Single crystal 40Are39Ar dating of a Late Quaternary paroxysm on Kos, Greece: concordance of terrestrial and marine ages. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 3047e3050.
    • Smith, P.E., Evensen, N.M., York, D., 2000. Under the volcano; a new dimension in AreAr dating of volcanic ash. Geophys. Res. Lett. 27 (5), 585e588.
    • Smith, V.C., Isaia, R., Pearce, N.J.G., 2011. Tephrostratigraphy and glass compositions of post-15 kyr Campi Flegrei eruptions: implications for eruption history and chronostratigraphic markers. Quat. Sci. Rev. 30, 3638e3660. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.07.012.
    • Sparks, R.S.J., Brazier, S., Huang, T.C., Muerdter, D., 1983. Sedimentology of the Minoan deep-sea tephra layer in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean. Mar. Geol. 54, 131e167.
    • St Seymour, K., Christianis, K., 1995. Correlation of a tephra layer in Western Greece with a late Pleistocene eruption in the Campanian province of Italy. Quat. Res. 43, 46e54.
    • St Seymour, K., Christanis, K., Bouzinos, A., Papazisimou, S., Papatheodorou, G., Moran, E., Denes, G., 2004. Tephrostratigraphy and tephrochronology in the Philippi peat basin, Macedonia, Northern Hellas (Greece). Quat. Int. 121, 53e65.
    • Tamburrino, S., Insignia, D.D., Sprovieri, M., Petrosino, P., Tiepolo, M., 2012. Major and trace element characterisation of tephra layers offshore Pantelleria Island: insights into the last 200 ka of volcanic activity and the contribution to the Mediterranean tephrochronology. J. Quat. Sci. 27, 129e140.
    • Tomlinson, E.L., Thordarson, T., Muller, W., Thirlwall, M., Menzies, M.A., 2010. Microanalysis of tephra by LA-ICP-MS-Strategies, advantages and limitations assessed using the Thorsmork ignimbrite (Southern Iceland). Chem. Geol. 279, 73e89.
    • Tomlinson, E.L., Arenzo, I., Civetta, L., Wulf, S., Smith, V.C., Hardiman, M., Lane, C.S., Carandente, A., Orsi, G., Rosi, M., Muller, W., Menzies, M.A., 2012. Geochemistry of the Phlegrean Fields (Italy) proximal sources for major Mediterranean tephra: implications for the dispersal of Plinian and coignimbritic components of explosive eruptions. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 93, 102e128.
    • Tomlinson, E.L., Smith, V.C., Albert, P.G., Aydar, E., Civetta, L., Cioni, R., Çubukçu, E., Gertisser, R., Isaia, R., Menzies, M.A., Orsi, G., Rosi, M., Zanchetta, G., 2014. The major and trace element glass compositions of the productive Mediterranean volcanic sources: tools for correlating distal tephra layers in and around Europe. Quat. Sci. Rev. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.028.
    • Van de Meer, M.T.J., Baas, M., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Marine, G., Rohling, E.J., Sinninghe Damste, J.S., Schouten, S., 2007. Hydrogen isotopic compositions of long-chain alkenones record freshwater flooding of the Eastern Mediterranean and the onset of sapropel deposition. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 262, 594e600.
    • Vezzoli, L., 1991. Tephra layers in Bannock Basin (Eastern Mediterranean). Mar. Geol. 100, 21e34.
    • Vespa, M., Keller, J., Gertisser, R., 2006. Interplinian explosive activity of Santorini volcano (Greece) during the past 150,000 years. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 153, 262e286.
    • Vinci, A., 1984. Chemical differences between the island and submarine pumice layers of Thera. Mar. Geol. 55, 487e491.
    • Vinci, A., 1985. Distribution and chemical composition of tephra layers from the Eastern Mediterranean abyssal sediments. Mar. Geol. 64, 143e155.
    • Vitaliano, C.J., Taylor, S.R., Farrand, W.R., Jacobsen, T.W., 1981. Tephra layer in Franchthi Cave, Peleponnesos, Greece. Tephra Stud. NATO Adv. Study Inst. Ser. 75, 373e379.
    • Vogel, H., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Wagner, B., Nowaczyk, N., 2010. A tephrostratigraphic record for the Last Glacial-Interglacial cycle from Lake Ohrid, Albania and Macedonia. J. Quat. Sci. 25, 320e338.
    • Watkins, N.D., Sparks, R.S.J., Sigurdsson, H., Huang, T.C., Federman, A., Carey, S., Ninkovich, D., 1978. Volume and extent of the Minoan tephra from the Santorini volcano: new evidence from deep sea cores. Nature 271, 122e126.
    • WoldeGabriel, G., Hart, W.K., Heiken, G., 2005. Innovative tephra studies in the East African rift system. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 86, 255e256.
    • Wulf, S., Kraml, M., Kuhn, T., Schwarz, M., Inthorn, M., Keller, J., Kuscu, I., Halback, P., 2002. Marine tephra from the Cape Riva Eruption (22 ka) of Santorini in the Sea of Marmara. Mar. Geol. 183, p131e141.
    • Wulf, S., Kraml, M., Brauer, A., Keller, J., Negendank, J.F.W., 2004. Tephrochronology of the 100 ka lacustrine sediment record of Lago Grande di Monticchio (southern Italy). Quat. Int. 122, 7e30.
    • Wulf, S., Keller, J., Paterne, M., Mingram, J., Lauterbach, S., Opitz, S., Sottili, G., Giaccio, B., Albert, P.G., Satow, C., Tomlinson, E., Viccaro, M., Brauer, A., 2012. The 100e133 ka record of Italian explosive volcanism and revised tephrochronology of Lago Grande di Monticchio. Quat. Sci. Rev. 58, 104e123.
    • Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Roberts, N., Cioni, R., Eastwood, W.J., Siani, G., Caron, B., Paterne, M., Santacroce, R., 2011. Tephrostratigraphy, chronology and climatic events of the Mediterranean basin during the Holocene: an overview. Holocene 21, 33e52.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

Cite this article