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Jenkins, K. T.; Tapper, K. (2014)
Publisher: British Psychological Society
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: BF, RA0421
Objectives: We examined the effects of two mindfulness-based strategies on chocolate consumption amongst individuals who were trying to reduce the amount of chocolate they consumed.\ud \ud Methods: Participants (n = 137) were allocated to one of three conditions and employed either cognitive defusion, acceptance, or relaxation (control) techniques to help them resist chocolate over 5 days. During this period, they carried a bag of chocolates with them and recorded any chocolate or chocolate-related products they consumed. They also completed a questionnaire measure of the extent to which chocolate consumption was automatic, both before and after the 5-day period.\ud \ud Results: Results showed that compared to controls, those in the cognitive defusion group ate significantly less chocolate from the bag (p = .046) and less chocolate according to the diary measure (p = .053). There was evidence that these changes were brought about by reductions in the extent to which chocolate consumption was automatic. There were no differences in chocolate consumption between the acceptance and control groups.\ud \ud Conclusions: Our results point to a promising brief intervention strategy and highlight the importance of disentangling the effects of different mindfulness-based techniques.
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    • Adriaanse, M.A., de Ridder, D.T.D., & Evers, C. (2011). Emotional eating: eating when emotional or emotional about eating? Psychology and Health, 26, 23-39.
    • Alberts, H.J.E.M., Mulkens, S., Smeets, M., & Thewissen, R. (2010). Coping with food cravings. Investigating the potential of a mindfulness-based intervention.
    • Appetite, 55, 160-163.
    • Hayes, S.C., & Smith, S. (2005). Get out of your mind and into your life: The new Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.
    • strength. British Journal of Health Psychology, doi: 10.1111/j.2044- 8287.2012.02070.
    • Total grams of chocolate consumeda Mean (SD) 13.43 (31.28) 51.78 (111.43) 44.02 (75.56)
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