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Ugolini, Laura (1997)
Publisher: University of Greenwich,
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: HN, H1
This thesis is a study of the attitudes towards women's enfranchisement, and involvement within the British women's suffrage movement, of the male members of the Independent Labour Party, a mixed sex socialist organisation. The period covered ranges from 1893, the year of the party's foundation, to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. \ud \ud The aim of this study is to contribute to our understanding of a hitherto neglected aspect of suffrage history: the male supporters. Suffrage historians have generally considered Independent Labour Party men's attitudes towards women's enfranchisement to have been positive: their ideas and activities are now placed under careful scrutiny. \ud \ud The theoretical underpinnings of the thesis lie in gender history, most especially in the field of historical studies of masculinities, which in themselves have been informed by the ideas and writings of women's history. Independent Labour Party men are viewed not as a group of individuals with certain physical characteristics in common, but as sharing gendered identities as socialists and as men, which influenced their attitudes towards the roles deemed appropriate for men and women within society, and towards women's emancipation in particular. Furthermore, the thesis assesses how their ideas and identities were themselves challenged by developments within the suffrage movement. \ud \ud Chapter 1 considers the years between 1893-5, a period characterised by few formal links between Independent Labour Party men and the suffrage movement, and assesses how supportive attitudes towards women's enfranchisement fitted into prevailing understandings of socialism and independent labour representation. Chapters 2 and 3, focusing respectively on the periods between 1895-1905, and 1905-1911, consider the impact of a burgeoning suffrage movement, active within the ranks of the labour movement itself, and characterised by its own priorities, objectives and tactics. Chapter 4, dealing with the years between 1911-1914, concludes by assessing Independent Labour Party men's responses to a shift in the suffrage debate, as the introduction in Parliament of adult suffrage became a practical proposition.
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    • 1 A.V. John, C. Eustance, (eds), The Men 's Share? Masculinities, Male Support and Women 's Suffrage in Britain, 1890-1920, (Routledge, London, 1997).
    • 2 B. Harrison, Separate Spheres. The Opposition to Women 's Suffrage in Britain, (Croom Helm, London, 1978), although see also Martin Pugh's contention that the ILP's reputation 'is easily exaggerated'. M. Pugh, 'Labour and Women's Suffrage', in K.D. Brown, (ed.), The First Labour Party 1906-1914, (Croom Helm, London, 1985), p. 238.
    • 6 Between 1904 and 1912 Hardie and Pankhurst were passionately involved, probably also sexually. P. Romero, E. Sylvia Pankhurst. Portrait of a Radical, (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1987), pp. 34-7.
    • 10 M. Garrett Fawcett, What I Remember, (T. Fisher Unwin, London, 1924), pp. 180; 211-3; H.M. Swanwick, I Have Been Young, (Victor 12 J. Marcus, 'Introduction. Re-reading the Pankhursts and Women's Suffrage', in J. Marcus, (ed.), Suffrage and the Pankhursts, (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1987), pp. 1-17.
    • 26 K. Dodd, 'Introduction. The Politics of Form in Sylvia Pankhurst's Writing', in K. Dodd, (ed.), A Sylvia Pankhurst Reader, (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1993), pp. 1-30.
    • 27 R. Strachey, The Cause. A Short History of the Women 's Movement in Great Britain, (Virago, London, 1978, first edition 1928), pp. 288-90. See also pp. 292; 297.
    • 28 A. Rosen, Rise Up, Women! The Militant Campaign of the Women 's Social and Political Union 1903-19 14, (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1974), pp. 14-78.
    • 31 M. Gawthorpe, Up Hill To Holloway, (Traversity Press, Maine, 1962).
    • 32 H. Mitchell, The Hard Way Up, (Virago, London, 1977, first edition 1968).
    • 38 J Liddington, J. Norris, One Hand Tied Behind Us. The Rise of the Women's Suffrage Movement, (Virago, London, 1994, first edition 1978). J. Hannam, 'Women and Politics', in J. Purvis, (ed.), Women's History. Britain, 1850-1945, (UCL Press, London, 1995). Eustance, (eds), The Men Share? Masculinities, Male Support and Women's Suffrage in Britain, 1890-1920, (Routledge, London, 1997), pp. 1- 37.
    • A.V. John, 'Men, Manners and Militancy: Literary Men and Women's Suffrage', in A.V. John, C. Eustance, (eds), The Men's Share? Masculinities, Male Support and Women 's Suffrage in Britain, 1890-192 0, (Routledge, London, 1997), pp. 88-109. E. Johnasson, 'Beautiful Men, Fine Women and Good Workpeople: Gender and Skill in North Sweden, 1850-1950', in Gender & History, vol. 1, no 2, (Summer 1989), pp. 200-12. G. Stedman Jones, 'Working-class Culture and Working-Class Politics in London, 1870-1900; Notes on the Remaking of a Working-Class', in Journal of Social History, vol. 7, no 4, (Summer 1874), pp. 460-508. 0. 0. 3. I O 0.
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