LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Webb, T.J.; Gaston, K.J. (2003)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Within taxonomic groups, most species are restricted in their geographic range sizes, with only a few being widespread. The possibility that species-level selection on range sizes contributes to the characteristic form of such speciesrange size distributions has previously been raised. This would require that closely related species have similar range sizes, an indication of "heritability" of range sizes at the species level. Support for this view came from a positive correlation between the range sizes of closely related pairs of fossil mollusc species. We extend this analysis by considering the relationship between the geographic range sizes of 103 pairs of contemporary avian sister species. Range sizes in these sister species show no evidence of being more similar to each other than expected by chance. A reassessment of the mollusc data also suggests that the high correlation was probably overestimated because of the skewed nature of range size data. The fact that sister species tend to have similar life histories and ecologies suggests that any relationship between range sizes and biology is likely to be complicated and will be influenced by historical factors, such as mode of speciation and postspeciation range size transformations.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Anderson, S., and M. K. Evensen. 1978. Randomness in allopatric speciation. Systematic Zoology 27:421-430.
    • Angermeier, P. L. 1995. Ecological attributes of extinctionprone species: loss of freshwater fishes of Virginia. Conservation Biology 9:143-158.
    • Ayala, F. J. 1982. Population and evolutionary genetics: a primer. Benjamin/Cummings, Reading, Mass.
    • Barraclough, T. G., and A. P. Vogler. 2000. Detecting the geographical pattern of speciation from species-level phylogenies. American Naturalist 155:419-434.
    • Blackburn, T. M., K. J. Gaston, R. M. Quinn, H. Arnold, and R. D. Gregory. 1997. Of mice and wrens: the relation between abundance and geographic range size in British mammals and birds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 352: 419-427.
    • Brown, J. H., G. C. Stevens, and D. M. Kaufman. 1996. The geographic range: size, shape, boundaries, and internal structure. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27:597-623.
    • Burns, T. P. 1992. Adaptedness, evolution and a hierarchical concept of fitness. Journal of Theoretical Biology 154:219-237.
    • Case, T. J., and M. L. Taper. 2000. Interspecific competition, environmental gradients, gene flow, and the coevolution of species' borders. American Naturalist 155: 583-605.
    • Chesser, R. T., and R. M. Zink. 1994. Modes of speciation in birds: a test of Lynch's method. Evolution 48: 490-497.
    • Cheverud, J. M., M. M. Dow, and W. Leutenegger. 1985. The quantitative assessment of phylogenetic constraints in comparative analyses: sexual dimorphism in body weight among primates. Evolution 39:1335-1351.
    • Chown, S. L. 1997. Speciation and rarity: separating cause from consequence. Pages 91-109 in W. E. Kunin and K. J. Gaston, eds. The biology of rarity: causes and consequences of rare-common differences. Chapman & Hall, London.
    • Chown, S. L., M. D. LeLagadec, and C. H. Scholtz. 1999. Partitioning variance in a physiological trait: desiccation resistance in keratin beetles (Coleoptera, Trogidae). Functional Ecology 13:838-844.
    • Cook, L. M. 1991. Genetic and ecological diversity: the sport of nature. Chapman & Hall, London.
    • Cramp, S., ed. 1988. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 5. Tyrant flycatchers to thrushes. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • ---, ed. 1992. The birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 6. Warblers. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • Crochet, P. A., F. Bonhomme, and J. D. Lebreton. 2000. Molecular phylogeny and plumage evolution in gulls (Larini). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 13:47-57.
    • Curson, J., D. Quinn, and D. Beadle. 1994. New World warblers. Christopher Helm, London.
    • Davis, A. J., L. S. Jenkinson, J. H. Lawton, B. Shorrocks, and S. Wood. 1998. Making mistakes when predicting shifts in species range in response to global warming. Nature 391:783-786.
    • Dawkins, R. 1986. The blind watchmaker. Penguin, London.
    • ---. 1989. The selfish gene. 2d ed. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal, eds. 1992. Handbook of the birds of the world. Vol. 1. Ostrich to ducks. Lynx, Barcelona.
    • ---, eds. 1994. Handbook of the birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World vultures to guineafowl. Lynx, Barcelona.
    • ---, eds. 1996. Handbook of the birds of the world. Vol. 3. Hoatzin to ducks. Lynx, Barcelona.
    • Dieckmann, U., and M. Doebeli. 1999. On the origin of species by sympatric speciation. Nature 400:354-357.
    • Dunning, J. B., Jr., ed. 1993. CRC handbook of avian body masses. CRC, Boca Raton, Fla.
    • Eldredge, N., and S. J. Gould. 1972. Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. Pages 82-115 in T. J. M. Schopf, ed. Models in paleobiology. Freeman, Cooper, San Francisco.
    • Ellsworth, D. L., R. L. Honeycutt, and N. J. Silvy. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships among North American grouse inferred from restriction endonuclease analysis of mitochondrial DNA. Condor 97:492-502.
    • Emlet, R. B. 1995. Developmental mode and species geographic range in regular sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Evolution 49:476-489.
    • Falconer, D. S., and T. F. C. Mackay. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman, Essex.
    • Friesen, V. L., and D. J. Anderson. 1997. Phylogeny and evolution of the Sulidae (Aves: Pelecaniformes): a test of alternative modes of speciation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7:252-260.
    • Friesen, V. L., A. J. Baker, and J. F. Piatt. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships within the Alcidae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from total molecular evidence. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13:359-367.
    • Gaston, K. J. 1998. Species-range size distributions: products of speciation, extinction and transformation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 353:219-230.
    • Gaston, K. J., and T. M. Blackburn. 2000. Pattern and process in macroecology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
    • Gaston, K. J., and S. L. Chown. 1999. Geographic range size and speciation. Pages 236-259 in A. E. Magurran and R. M. May, eds. Evolution of biological diversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • Glazier, D. S. 1987. Toward a predictive theory of speciation: the ecology of isolate selection. Journal of Theoretical Biology 126:323-333.
    • Gould, S. J. 1994. Tempo and mode in the macroevolutionary reconstruction of Darwinism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 91: 6764-6771.
    • ---. 1998. Gulliver's further travels: the necessity and difficulty of a hierarchical theory of selection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 353:307-314.
    • Gould, S. J., and N. Eldredge. 1977. Punctuated equilibria: the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology 3:115-151.
    • Grantham, T. A. 1995. Hierarchical approaches to macroevolution: recent work on species selection and the “effect hypothesis.” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 26:301-321.
    • Griesemer, J. R., and M. J. Wade. 2000. Populational heritability: extending Punnett square concepts to evolution at the metapopulation level. Biology and Philosophy 15: 1-17.
    • Harrison, P. 1985. Seabirds: an identification guide. Helm, London.
    • Helbig, A. J., and I. Seibold. 1999. Molecular phylogeny of Palearctic-African Acrocephalus and Hippolais warblers (Aves: Sylviidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11:246-260.
    • Holman, E. W. 1999. Duration and habitat of fossil taxa: changes through time in variance and taxonomic selectivity. Paleobiology 25:239-251.
    • Hull, D. L. 1980. Individuality and selection. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11:311-332.
    • Jablonski, D. 1986. Larval ecology and macroevolution in marine invertebrates. Bulletin of Marine Science 39: 565-587.
    • ---. 1987. Heritability at the species level: analysis of geographic ranges of Cretaceous mollusks. Science (Washington, D.C.) 238:360-363.
    • Jaramillo, A., and P. Burke. 1999. New World blackbirds: the Icterids. Helm, London.
    • Johnson, K. P., F. McKinney, and M. D. Sorenson. 1999. Phylogenetic constraint on male parental care in the dabbling ducks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 266:759-763.
    • Krajewski, C., and J. W. J. Fetzner. 1994. Phylogeny of cranes (Gruiformes: Gruidae) based on cytochrome b DNA sequences. Auk 111:351-365.
    • Kunin, W. E. 1997. Introduction: on the causes and consequences of rare-common differences. Pages 3-11 in W. E. Kunin and K. J. Gaston, eds. The biology of rarity: causes and consequences of rare-common differences. Chapman & Hall, London.
    • Lanyon, S. M. 1994. Polyphyly of the blackbird genus Agelaius and the importance of assumptions of monophyly in comparative studies. Evolution 48:679-693.
    • Lawton, J. H. 1993. Range, population abundance and conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 8:409-413.
    • ---. 1995. Population dynamic principles. Pages 147-163 in J. H. Lawton and R. M. May, eds. Extinction rates. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • Lewontin, R. C. 1970. The units of selection. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1:1-18.
    • Livezey, B. C. 1986. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of steamer-ducks (Anatidae: Tachyeres). Systematic Zoology 35:458-469.
    • ---. 1991. A phylogenetic analysis and classification of recent dabbling ducks (tribe Anatini) based on comparative morphology. Auk 108:471-507.
    • ---. 1995a. A phylogenetic analysis of the whistling and white-backed ducks (Anatidae: Dendrocygninae) using morphological characters. Annals of Carnegie Museum 64:65-97.
    • ---. 1995b. Phylogeny and comparative ecology of stiff-tailed ducks (Anatidae: Oxyurini). Wilson Bulletin 107:214-234.
    • ---. 1995c. Phylogeny and evolutionary ecology of modern seaducks (Anatidae: Mergini). Condor 97: 233-255.
    • ---. 1996a. A phylogenetic analysis of geese and swans (Anseriformes: Anserinae), including selected fossil species. Systematic Biology 45:415-450.
    • ---. 1996b. A phylogenetic analysis of modern pochards (Anatidae: Aythyini). Auk 113:74-93.
    • ---. 1997a. A phylogenetic analysis of modern sheldgeese and shelducks (Anatidae, Tadornini). Ibis 139: 51-66.
    • ---. 1997b. A phylogenetic classification of waterfowl (Aves: Anseriformes), including selected fossil species. Annals of Carnegie Museum 66:457-496.
    • Lloyd, E. A. 2000. Groups on groups: some dynamics and possible resolution of the units of selection debates in evolutionary biology. Biology and Philosophy 15: 389-401.
    • Lloyd, E. A., and S. J. Gould. 1993. Species selection on variability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 90:595-599.
    • Lovette, I. J., and E. Bermingham. 1999. Explosive speciation in the New World Dendroica warblers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 266:1629-1636.
    • Mayr, E. 1982. Speciation and macroevolution. Evolution 36:1119-1132.
    • McKinney, M. L. 1995. Extinction selectivity among lower taxa: gradational patterns and rarefaction error in extinction estimates. Paleobiology 21:300-313.
    • ---. 1997a. Extinction vulnerability and selectivity: combining ecological and paleontological views. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 28:495-516.
    • ---. 1997b. How do rare species avoid extinction? A paleontological view. Pages 110-129 in W. E. Kunin and K. J. Gaston, eds. The biology of rarity: causes and consequences of rare-common differences. Chapman & Hall, London.
    • McKitrick, M. C. 1993. Phylogenetic constraint in evolutionary theory: has it any explanatory power? Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 24:307-330.
    • Nunn, G. B., J. Cooper, P. Jouventin, C. J. R. Robertson, and G. C. Robertson. 1996. Evolutionary relationships among extant albatrosses (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae) established from complete cytochrome b gene sequences. Auk 113:784-801.
    • O'Hara, R. J. 1989. An estimate of the phylogeny of the living penguins (Aves: Spheniscidae). American Zoologist 29:A11.
    • Omland, K. E., S. M. Lanyon, and S. J. Fritz. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of the new world orioles (Icterus): the importance of dense taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12:224-239.
    • Pasquet, E. 1998. Phylogeny of the nuthatches of the Sitta canadensis group and its evolutionary and biogeographic implications. Ibis 140:150-156.
    • Peterson, A. T., J. Soberon, and V. Sanchez-Cordero. 1999. Conservatism of ecological niches in evolutionary time. Science (Washington, D.C.) 285:1265-1267.
    • Price, T. D., A. J. Helbig, and A. D. Richman. 1997. Evolution of breeding distributions in the old world leaf warblers (genus Phylloscopus). Evolution 51:552-561.
    • Purvis, A., and A. Hector. 2000. Getting the measure of biodiversity. Nature 405:212-219.
    • Quinn, R. M., K. J. Gaston, T. M. Blackburn, and B. C. Eversham. 1997. Abundance-range size relationships of macrolepidoptera in Britain: the effects of taxonomy and life history variables. Ecological Entomology 22: 453-461.
    • Randi, E. 1996. A mitochondrial cytochrome b phylogeny of the Alectoris partridges. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 6:214-227.
    • Ricklefs, R. E., and R. E. Latham. 1992. Intercontinental correlation of geographical ranges suggests stasis in ecological traits of relict genera of temperate perennial herbs. American Naturalist 139:1305-1321.
    • Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor. 1994. The birds of South America. Vol. 2. The Suboscine passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin.
    • Rosenzweig, M. L. 1995. Species diversity in space and time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
    • Roy, K., D. Jablonski, and J. W. Valentine. 2001. Climate change, species range limits and body size in marine bivalves. Ecology Letters 4:366-370.
    • Roy, M. S., J. C. Torres-Mura, and F. Hertel. 1999. Molecular phylogeny and evolutionary history of the tittyrants (Aves: Tyrannidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11:67-76.
    • Samuels, M. L. 1989. Statistics for the life sciences. Dellen/ Macmillan, San Francisco.
    • Schliewen, U. K., D. Tautz, and S. Pa¨a¨bo. 1994. Sympatric speciation suggested by monophyly of crater lake cichlids. Nature 386:629-632.
    • Sibley, C. G., and B. L. J. Monroe. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.
    • ---. 1993. Supplement to the distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.
    • Slikas, B. 1997. Phylogeny of the avian family Ciconiidae (storks) based on cytochrome b sequences and DNADNA hybridization distances. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 8:275-300.
    • Sokal, R. R., and F. J. Rohlf. 1995. Biometry. W. H. Freeman, New York.
    • Stanley, S. M. 1975. A theory of evolution above the species level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 72:646-650.
    • Stearns, S. C. 1992. The evolution of life histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
    • Sterelny, K. 2001. Dawkins vs. Gould: survival of the fittest. Icon, Cambridge.
    • Taylor, C. M., and N. J. Gotelli. 1994. The macroecology of Cyprinella: correlates of phylogeny, body size, and geographical range. American Naturalist 144:549-569.
    • Thomson, J. D., G. Weiblen, B. A. Thomson, S. Alfaro, and P. Legendre. 1996. Untangling multiple factors in spatial distributions: lilies, gophers, and rocks. Ecology 77:1698-1715.
    • Turelli, M., N. H. Barton, and J. A. Coyne. 2001. Theory and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 16: 330-343.
    • Urban, E. K., C. H. Fry, and S. Keith. 1997. The birds of Africa. Vol. 5. Thrushes and puffback flycatchers. Academic Press, San Diego, Calif.
    • Via, S. 2001. Sympatric speciation in animals: the ugly duckling grows up. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 16: 381-390.
    • Voelker, G. 1999. Molecular evolutionary relationships in the avian genus Anthus (Pipits: Motacillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11:84-94.
    • Wade, M. J., and J. R. Griesemer. 1998. Populational heritability: empirical studies of evolution in metapopulations. American Naturalist 151:135-147.
    • Wade, M. J., and D. E. McCauley. 1980. Group selection: the phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of small populations. Evolution 34:799-812.
    • Webb, T. J., and K. J. Gaston. 2000. Geographic range size and evolutionary age in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 267:1843-1850.
    • Webb, T. J., M. Kershaw, and K. J. Gaston. 2001. Rarity and phylogeny in birds. Pages 57-80 in J. L. Lockwood and M. L. McKinney, eds. Biotic homogenization. Kluwer/Plenum, New York.
    • Williams, P. H. 1996. WorldMap 4 Windows: software and help document 4.1. Privately distributed, London.
    • Wynne-Edwards, V. C. 1962. Animal dispersion in relation to social behaviour. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh and London.
    • Zink, R. M., and R. C. Blackwell. 1998. Molecular systematics and biogeography of aridland gnatcatchers (genus Polioptila) and evidence supporting species status of the California gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9:26-32.
    • Zink, R. M., D. L. Dittmann, J. Klicka, and R. C. BlackwellRago. 1999. Evolutionary patterns of morphometrics, allozymes, and mitochondrial DNA in thrashers (genus Toxostoma). Auk 116:1021-1038.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article