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Mohammad, FA; Collop, AC; Brown, SF (2003)
Publisher: Thomas Telford
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
This paper describes work undertaken to investigate the mechanical performance of road ironwork installations in highways, concentrating on the chamber construction. The principal aim was to provide the background research which would allow improved designs to be developed to reduce the incidence of failures through improvements to the structural continuity between the installation and the surrounding pavement. In doing this, recycled polymeric construction materials (Jig Brix) were studied with a view to including them in future designs and specifications. This paper concentrates on the Finite Element (FE) analysis of traditional (masonry) and flexible road ironwork structures incorporating Jig Brix. The global and local buckling capacity of the Jig Brix elements was investigated and results compared well with laboratory measurements. FE models have also been developed for full-scale traditional (masonry) and flexible installations in a surrounding flexible (asphalt) pavement structure. Predictions of response to wheel loading were compared with full-scale laboratory measurements. Good agreement was achieved with the traditional (masonry) construction but poorer agreement for the flexible construction. Predictions from the FE model indicated that the use of flexible elements significantly reduces the tensile horizontal strain on the surface of the surrounding asphaltic material which is likely to reduce the incidence of surface cracking.
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    • ASHBY, M F and JONES, D R H, (1998) “Engineering materials”, Pergamon Press.
    • BROWN, C J, (1997) "The performance of road ironwork installations", PhD Thesis, School of Civil Engineering, University of Nottingham, UK.
    • BROWN, C J and BROWN S F, (1997) "The performance of road ironwork installations", Proc Inst of Civil Eng, the Municipal Engineer, Vol 121, pp 175- 185.
    • BROWN, S F and BROWN, C J, (1998) “Laboratory Facility for Testing Road Ironwork Installations”, Transportation Research Record No. 1624. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., pp 237-245.
    • BROWN, S F and BROWN, C J, (1999) "The structural characteristics of manhole installations in pavements" Proc. Inst. of Civil Engineers Transport, Vol 135, No 4, pp 201-208.
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    • COLLOP, A. C, BROWN, S F, ZOOROB, S E, MOHAMMAD, F and BRODRICK, B V (2002) “Mechanical performance of road ironwork/pavement systems”, Final Report, to LINK Inland Surface Transport Programme, School of Civil Engineering, University of Nottingham, UK.
    • COPE, R J, SAWKO, F and TICKELL, R G, (1982) “Computer methods for civil engineers”, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
    • HIGHWAYS AGENCY, (2002) "Chamber tops and gully tops for road drainage and service: installations and maintenance", Design Manual for Roads and Bridges, Vol. 4, Section 2.
    • Pell, P S, (1973) “Characterisation of fatigue behaviour”, Special Report 140, Highway Research Board, Washington D.C. pp 49-64.
    • POPOV, E P, (1999) “Engineering mechanics of solids”, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall.
    • Figure 9: Finite element prediction of horizontal strain at the top of asphalt layer, positive value means tensile strain.
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