Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Shahzad, S.S.; Brennan, J.; Theodossopoulos, D.; Hughes, B.R.; Calautit, J.K. (2015)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Other
Two office layouts with high and low levels of thermal control were compared, respectively Norwegian cellular and British open plan offices. The Norwegian practice provided every user with control over a window, blinds, door, and the ability to adjust heating and cooling. Occupants were expected to control their thermal environment to find their own comfort, while air conditioning was operating in the background to ensure the indoor air quality. In contrast, in the British office, limited thermal control was provided through openable windows and blinds only for occupants seated around the perimeter of the building. Centrally operated displacement ventilation was the main thermal control system. Users’ perception of thermal environment was recorded through survey questionnaires, empirical building performance through environmental measurements and thermal control through semi-structured interviews. The Norwegian office had 35% higher user satisfaction and 20% higher user comfort compared to the British open plan office. However, the energy consumption in the British practice was within the benchmark and much lower than the Norwegian office. Overall, a balance between thermal comfort and energy efficiency is required, as either extreme poses difficulties for the other.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • [2] Axéll, C. & Warnander, A. 2005. How to create optimal office solutions. MSc, KTH University.
    • [3] Gadsjö, A. 2006. Hur påverkas hyresgästanpassningar framtida hyresintäkter? (How does improvement in tenant influence the future of rental income?). KTH.
    • [4] Bordass, B., Bromley, K. & Leaman, A. 1993. User and occupant controls in office buildings. Building Use Studies.
    • [5] Roaf, S., Horsley, A. & Gupa, R. 2004. Closing the loop; Benchmarks for sustainable buildings, London, RIBA Enterprises
    • [6] Leaman, A. & Bordass, B. 2005. Productivity in buildings: The 'killer' variables. Building Research and Information, 27,
    • [7] Harris, R. 2006. Real estate and the future. In: Worthington, J. (ed.) Reinventing the workplace. London: Architectural Press
    • [8] Wagner, A., Gossauer, E., Moosmann, C., Gropp, T. & Leonhart, R. 2007. Thermal comfort and workplace occupant satisfaction: Results of field studies in German low energy office buildings. Energy and Building, 39, 758-769.
    • [9] Brager, G. S. & Baker, L. 2009. Occupant satisfaction in mixed-mode buildings. Building Research and Information, 37, 369-380.
    • [10] Newsham, G., Brand, J., Donnelly, C., Veitch, J., Aries, M. & Charles, K. 2009. Linking indoor environment conditions to job satisfaction: A field study. Building Research and Information, 39, 129-147.
    • [11] Melikov, A. 2004. Personilised ventilation. Indoor Air, 14, 157-167.
    • [12] Arens, E., Humphreys, M. A., De Dear, R. & Zhang, H. 2010. Are 'Class A' temperatue requirements realistic or desirable? Building and Environment, 45, 4-10.
    • [13] Leaman, A. 1996. User satisfaction. Building evaluation techniques. London: McGraw.
    • [14] Duffy, F. 1992. The changing workplace, London, Phaidon Press Limited.
    • [15] Arbeidstilsynet 2003. Control and guidance on working: Veiledning om klima og luftkvalitet på arbeidsplassen - fulltekst. In: Arbeidstilsynet (ed.). Norway.
    • [16] HSE 2013. Workplace health, safety and welfare. Workplace (Health, Saftey and Welfare) Regulations 1992. Approved Code of Practice and Guidance. In: Executive, H. A. S. (ed.). UK: Health and Safety Executive
    • [17] Marmot, A. & Eley, J. 2000. Office Space Planning; Design for Tomorrow's Workplace, New York, London, Sydney, McGraw-Hill.
    • [18] Allen, T. J. & Gerstberger, P. G. 1973. A Field Experiment to Improve Communications in a Product Engeering Department: The Nonterritorial Office. Human Factors, 15, 487-498.
    • [19] Gottschalk, O. 1994. Verwaltungsbauten: flexibel, kommunikativ, nutzerorientiert, Berlin, Bauverlag GmbH.
    • [20] Klein, N. 1998. No Logo, London, Flamingo.
    • [21] Kubzansky, P. E. Optimizing Open Office Environments: A symposium. 13th International Conference of the Environmental Design Research Association, 1982 College Park, Maryland.
    • [22] Pile, J. 1976. Interiors 3rd Book of Offices, New York, Watson Guptill Publications.
    • [23] Sundstorm, E., Burt, R. E. & Kamp, D. 1980. Privacy at Work: Architectural Correlates of Job Satisfaction and Job Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 23, 101-117.
    • [24] Harrison, A., Wheeler, P. & Whitehead, C. 2004. The Distributed Workplace, London, Spon Press.
    • [25] Charkham, J., P. 1995. Keeping Good Company: A Study of Corporate Governance in Five Countries, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
    • [26] ASHRAE 2009. ASHRAE Handbook: Fundamentals. SI Edition ed. Atlanta: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
    • [27] Huizenga, C. 2011. ASHRAE Thermal Comfort Tool CD, Version 2: Maintains Consistency with ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55-2010. ASHRAE.
    • [28] ASHRAE 2001. ASHRAE Fundamental Handbook, Atlanta, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and AirConditioning Engineers, Inc.
    • [29] ASHRAE 2013. ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55-2013: Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy. Atlanta: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
    • [30] CIBSE 2003. Energy Consumption Guide 19: Energy Use in Offices. Best Practice Programme. The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article