Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Inskip, C.
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: Z665, M1
Music is widely used to accompany moving images, in films, advertising, television programmes and computer games. The process of choosing and using a piece of pre-existing commercial music for this purpose is known as synchronisation. The addition of music to a piece of film enhances the final work with cultural meaning, and generates additional income for the rights holders. This research examines the information needs of professionals involved in the selection of music, including Users from the advertising and film communities and Owners from the recording and publishing industries. A tentative communications model is developed and proposed from musicological, semiotic and communications literature. Interviews, knowledge organisation systems, queries and observations are identified as rich potential sources of textual data relating to the communications process around satisfying the Users’ information needs. The content of these texts is analysed to identify key musical facets. Mood is found to be an important factor when searching for unknown musical items. Using a Discourse Analytic approach to the interview texts, four discourses, or interpretive repertoires, are identified. These repertoires carry conflicting meanings of music and are employed throughout the community, although relative emphases vary according to the viewpoint of the stakeholder. This is supported by an analysis of the written texts of both the Owners (music search engines) and the Users (written queries, or briefs). A comparison is drawn between the emphasis of the repertoires and the precision of the search engines. The repertoires are applied to the theoretical communications model, which is revised to reflect the findings of the analyses. This is used to make recommendations on how to improve the disintermediated communications process, by emphasising the repertoires employed by the Users rather than those of the Owners.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Journal of The American Society for Information Science 45(3) 149-159 Barthes, R. (1977). Image Music Text Fontana Press, London Budd, J.M. & Raber, D. (1996). Discourse Analysis: Method and Application in the Study of Information, Information Processing and Management, 32 (2) pp 217-226 Budd, M., (1985). Music and the Emotions. RKP, London Burke, M (1999). Organization of Multimedia Resources. Gower, London Carlisle, J. (2007). Digital Music and Generation Y: Discourse Analysis of the Online Music Information Behaviour Talk of Five Young Australians, Information Research, 12 (4) Chandler, D. (2002). Semiotics: The Basics. Routledge, Abingdon.
    • Chowdury, G. (2004). Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval. Facet Publishing, London Chrysalis (2009). Song Search available online at [last accessed 21st April 2009] City University (2007) Research Ethics. [internet] Available at [last accessed 7 Dec 2007] Cook, N. (1987). A Guide to Musical Analysis. J.M.Dent and Sons, London.
    • Cook, N. (1990). Music Imagination and Culture. Clarendon Press, Oxford Cooke, D. (1959). The Language of Music. Oxford University Press, London Cool, C. and Spink, A. (2002). Issues of Context in Information Retrieval (IR): An Introduction to the Special Issue. Information Processing and Management, 38 pp 605-611 Corthaut, N., Govaerts, S., Verbert, K. & Duval, E. (2008). Connecting the Dots: Music Metadata Generation, Schemas and Applications. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 14-18 2008.
    • Cosijn, E. & Ingwersen, P. (2000). Dimensions of Relevance. Information Processing and Management 36 533-550 Cresswell, J. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design. Sage, Thousand Cunningham, S. (2002). User Studies: A First Step in Designing an MIR Testbed.
    • MIR/MDL Evaluation Project White Paper Collection. 2nd edn, pp17-19. [Available at Goulding, C. (2002). Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide for Management, Business and Market Researchers. Sage, London.
    • Grachten, M., Schedl, M., Pohle, T. & Widmer, G. (2009). The ISMIR Cloud: A Decade of ISMIR Conferences At Your Fingertips, Proceedings of 10th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference, Kobe, Japan, 2009.
    • Gruzd, A., Downie, J.S., Cameron Jones, M., Lee, J. (2007). Evalutron 6000: Collecting Music Relevance Judgments, Proceedings of Joint Conference on Digital Libraries ‟07, June 17-22, 2007, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    • Haider, J. and Bawden, D. (2007). Conceptions Of “Information Poverty” In LIS: A Discourse Analysis. Journal of Documentation 63(4) 534-557 Hall, S. (1980). Encoding / Decoding in ed Hall, S., Hobson, D., Lowe, A., Willis, P. (1980) Culture, Media, Language. Hutchinson, London. Chapter 10, pp 128-138 Hall, W. and Callery, P. (2001). Enhancing the Rigor of Grounded Theory: Incorporating Reflexivity and Relationality. Qualitative Health Research 11(2) pp257- 272 Hargreaves, D., MacDonald, R., and Miell, D. (2005). How Do People Communicate Using Music? in ed Miell, D., MacDonald, R., and Hargreaves, D. (2005) Musical Communication. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Chapter 1, pp 1-25 Harter, S. (1996). Variations In Relevance Assessments And The Measurement Of Retrieval Effectiveness. Journal of The American Society for Information Science 47(1) 37-49 Heath, H. and Cowley, S, (2004). Developing A Grounded Theory Approach: A Comparison Of Glaser And Strauss. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 41 (2) pp141-150.
    • Hepburn, A. and Potter, J. (2004). Discourse Analytic Practice. In Seale, C., Gobo, G., Gubrium, J., and Silverman, D. eds (2004). Qualitative Research Practice.
    • Sage, London. Ch 11, pp168-184.
    • Hildenbrand, B. (2004). Anselm Strauss. In eds. Flick, U., Von Kardorff, E., Steinke, I. (2004). A Companion to Qualitative Research. Sage, London. Ch 2.1, pp 17- 23.
    • Hjørland, B. (2001). Towards A Theory Of Aboutness, Subject, Topicality, Theme, Domain, Field, Content ... And Relevance. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 52 (9) pp.774-778 Hjørland, B. (2008). What is Knowledge Organization (KO)? Knowledge Organization 35 2/3 pp86-101 Hjørland, B. and Nissen Pedersen, K. (2005). A Substantive Theory Of Classification For Information Retrieval. Journal of Documentation 61(5) pp582-597.
    • Hodge, R. & Kress, G. (1988). Social Semiotics. Polity Press, Cambridge Huron, D. (2000). Perceptual And Cognitive Applications In Music Information Retrieval Proceedings of the 1st ISMIR Conference 23-25 October, Plymouth, Massachusetts (USA) Inskip, C., MacFarlane, A. & Rafferty, P. (2008b). Music, Movies and Meaning: Communication in Film-Makers‟ Search for Pre-Existing Music, and the Implications for Music Information Retrieval, Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, eds Bello, J., Chew, E., & Turnbull, D. Sep 14-18 2008, Philadelphia, PA.
    • Inskip, C., Macfarlane, A. & Raffety, P. (2008c). Content or Context? Searching for Musical Meaning in Task-based Interactive Information Retrieval, Proceedings of the second IIiX Symposium on Information Interaction in Context, eds Borlund, P., Schneider, J., Lalmas, M., Tombros, A., Feather, J., Kelly, D., de Vries, A., Azzopardi, L. Oct 14-17 2008, London.
    • Inskip, C., Macfarlane, A. & Rafferty, P., (2009a). Organizing Music for Movies, Proceedings of International Society for Knowledge Organization (UK) Content Architecture conference, London, UK, 22-23 Jun 2009 Inskip, C., Macfarlane, A. & Rafferty, P., (2009b). Towards the Disintermediation of Creative Music Search: Analysing Queries To Determine Important Facets.
    • Proceedings of ECDL Workshop on Exploring Musical Information Spaces, Corfu, Greece, 1-2 Oct 2009 Inskip, C., Macfarlane, A. & Rafferty, P. (2010a). Creative Professional Users‟ Musical Relevance Criteria. Journal of Information Science, 36(4) 517 - 529 Inskip, C., Macfarlane, A. & Rafferty, P. (2010b). Upbeat and Quirky, with a Bit of a Build: Interpretive Repertoires in Creative Music Search. Proceedings of the
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article