Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Weick, Mario; Guinote, Ana; Wilkinson, David T. (2011)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: BF
Powerless individuals face much challenge and uncertainty. As a consequence, they are highly vigilant and closely scrutinize their social environments. The aim of the present research was to determine whether these qualities enhance performance in more basic cognitive tasks involving simple visual feature discrimination. To test this hypothesis, participants performed a series of perceptual matching and search tasks involving color, texture and size discrimination. As predicted, those primed with powerlessness generated shorter reaction times and made fewer eye movements than either powerful or control participants. The results indicate that the heightened vigilance shown by powerless individuals is associated with an advantage in performing simple types of psychophysical discrimination. These findings highlight, for the first time, an underlying competency in perceptual cognition that sets powerless individuals above their powerful counterparts, an advantage that may reflect functional adaptation to the environmental challenge and uncertainty that they face.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Balcetis, E., & Lassiter, G. D. (Eds.). (2010). The social psychology of visual perception. New York: Psychology Press.
    • Ballard, D. H., Hayhoe, M., & Pelz, J. B. (1995). Memory representations in natural tasks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 66-80.
    • Carney, R. D., Cuddy, A. J. C., & Yap, A. J. (2010). Power posing: Brief nonverbal displays affect neuroendocrine levels and risk tolerance. Psychological Science, 21, 1363-1368.
    • Corbetta, M., Miezin, F. M., Dobmeyer, S., Shulman, G. L., & Petersen, S. E. (1991). Selective and divided attention during visual discriminations of shape, color, and speed: functional anatomy by positron emission tomography. Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 2383-2402.
    • DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., Mead, N. L., & Vohs, K. D. (2010, October 4). How Leaders self-regulate their task performance: Evidence that power promotes diligence, depletion, and disdain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication.
    • Ebenbach, D. H., & Keltner, D. (1998). Power, emotion, and judgmental accuracy in social conflict: Motivating the cognitive miser. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 20, 7- 21.
    • Fiske, S. T. (1993). Controlling other people: The impact of power on stereotyping. American Psychologist, 48, 621-628.
    • Fiske, S. T (2010). Interpersonal stratification: Status, power, and subordination. In Fiske, S. T., Gilbert, D. T., & Linzey, G. (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (5th ed., Vol.2, pp. 941-982). John Wiley: New Jersey, CA.
    • Fiske, S. T., & Berdahl, J. (2007). Social Power. In A. W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of basic principles (2nd ed., pp. 678-692). New York: Guilford Press.
    • Fiske, S. T., & Dépret, E. (1996). Control, interdependence and power: Understanding social cognition in its social context. European Review of Social Psychology, 7, 31-61.
    • Galinsky, A. D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Magee, J. C. (2003). From power to action. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 453-466.
    • Goodwin, S. A., Gubin, A., Fiske, S. T., & Yzerbyt, V. Y. (2000). Power can bias impression processes: Stereotyping subordinates by default and by design. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 3, 227-256.
    • Gruenfeld, D. H., Inesi, M. E., Magee, J. C., & Galinsky, A. D. (2008). Power and the objectification of social targets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 111- 127.
    • Guinote, A. (2007a). Behaviour variability and the Situated Focus Theory of Power. European Review of Social Psychology, 18, 256-295.
    • Guinote, A. (2007b). Power affects basic cognition: Increased attentional inhibition and flexibility. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 685-697.
    • Guinote, A. (2007c). Power and goal pursuit. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1076-1087.
    • Guinote, A., & Phillips, A. (2010). Power can increase stereotyping: Evidence from managers and subordinates in the hotel industry. Social Psychology, 41, 3-9.
    • Humphreys, G. W., & Forde, E. M. (2001). Hierarchies, similarity, and interactivity in object recognition: category-specific neuropsychological deficits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 453-476.
    • Keltner, D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Anderson, C. (2003). Power, approach, and inhibition. Psychological Review, 110, 265-284.
    • Keltner, D., & Robinson, R. J. (1997). Defending the status quo: Power and bias in social conflict. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 1066-1077.
    • Kenny, D. A., Snook, A., Boucher, E. M., & Hancock, J. T. (2010, Nov 9). Interpersonal sensitivity, status, and stereotype accuracy. Psychological Science. Advance online publication.
    • Overbeck, J. R., & Park, B. (2001). When power does not corrupt: Superior individuation processes among powerful perceivers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 549-565.
    • Overbeck, J. R., & Park, B. (2006). Powerful perceivers, powerless objects: Flexibility of powerholders' social attention. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 99, 227-243.
    • Pittman, T. S., & D'Agostino, P. R. (1989). Motivation and cognition: Control deprivation and the nature of subsequent information processing. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 25, 465-480.
    • Rivers, J. J., & Josephs, R. A. (2010). Dominance and health: The role of social rank in physiology and illness. In A. Guinote & T. K. Vescio (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Power (pp. 87-112). New York: Guilford.
    • Rose, M., Schmid, C., Winzen, A., Sommer, T., & Büchel, C. (2005). The functional and temporal characteristics of top-down modulation in visual selection. Cerebral Cortex, 15, 1290-1298.
    • Schmid Mast M., Jonas K., & Hall J.A. (2009). Give a person power and he or she will show interpersonal sensitivity: The phenomenon and its why and when. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 835-850.
    • Segall, M. H., Campbell, D. T., & Herskovits, M. J. (1966). The influence of culture on visual perception. Indianapolis, US: Bobbs-Merrill Co.
    • Shulman, G. L., Corbetta, M., Buckner, R. L., Raichle, M. E., Fiez, J. A., Miezin, F. M., & Peterson, S. E. (1997). Top-down modulation of early sensory cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 7, 193-206.
    • Smith, P. K., Jostmann, N. B., Galinsky, A. D., & van Dijk, W. W. (2008). Lacking power impairs executive functions. Psychological Science, 19, 441-447.
    • Smith, P. K., & Trope, Y. (2006). You focus on the forest when you are in charge of the trees: Power priming and abstract information processing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 578-596.
    • Weary, G., Gleicher, F. & Marsh, K. L. (Eds.) (1993). Control motivation and social cognition. NY: Springer-Verlag.
    • Wilson, D. S., Coleman, K., Clark, A. B., & Biederman, L. (1993). The shy-bold continuum in pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 107, 250-260.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article