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Palfreyman, Nicholas (2017)
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: Q190, Q100
Until now there has been no robust (socio)linguistic documentation of urban sign language varieties in Indonesia, and given the size of the Indonesian archipelago, it might be expected that these varieties are very different from each other. In this kind of situation, sign linguists have often applied lexicostatistical methods, but two such studies in Indonesia have recently produced contradictory results.\ud Instead, this investigation uses conceptual and methodological approaches from linguistic typology and Variationist Sociolinguistics, contextualised by a sociohistorical account of the Indonesian sign community. The grammatical domains of completion and negation are analysed using a corpus of spontaneous data from two urban centres, Solo and Makassar.\ud Four completive particles occur in both varieties, alongside clitics and the expression of completion through mouthings alone. The realisations of two variables, one lexical and one grammatical, are predicted by factors including the syntactic and functional properties of the variant, and younger Solonese signers are found to favour completive clitics. The reasons for intra-individual persistence and variation are also discussed.\ud Negation is expressed through particles, clitics, suppletives, and the simultaneous mouthing of predicates with negative particles. These paradigmatic variants occur in both varieties, with small differences in the sets of particles and suppletives for each variety. The realisations of four variables are found to be conditioned by factors including predicate type, sub-function, and the use of constructed dialogue. The gender of the signer is found to correlate with the syntactic order of negative and predicate; younger Solonese signers are also found to favour negative clitics and suppletives.\ud The similarities revealed between the Solo and Makassar varieties are discussed with reference to the history of contact between sign sub-communities across the archipelago. The investigation concludes with a discussion of factors that favour and disfavour the convergence of urban sign language varieties.
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    • De Vos, Connie. 2012. Sign-Spatiality in Kata Kolok: How a village sign language of Bali inscribes its
    • Dikyuva, Hasan. 2011. Grammatical non-manual expressions in Turkish Sign Language. MA dissertation,
    • 4.2. The development of deaf education 4.2.1. Foundation of private deaf schools (1930s onward) 4.2.2. National and transcolonial links in deaf education 4.2.3. The likely origins of the two-handed alphabet 4.2.4. 'Schoolization' and multidialectalism
    • 4.3. The development of the sign community 4.3.1. Emergence of local deaf organisations in Java (1960s onward) 4.3.2. Gerkatin, the Indonesian Association for the Welfare of the Deaf 4.3.3. Internal migration and social contact between sign sub-communities 4.3.4. Transnational language contact 4.3.5. The virtual sign community
    • 4.4. The effects of language policy and planning on sign language varieties 4.4.1. SIBI: Language contact and language planning 4.4.2. BISINDO, isyarat lama and the growing awareness of sign language
    • 4.5. Chapter summary 6.2.5. Non-manual features and negation 6.2.6. Negation through derivational morphology
    • 6.3. Grammatical variation in the domain of negation 6.3.1. Circumscribing the variable context 6.3.2. Coding for quantitative analyses
    • 6.4. Basic clause negator vs. other types of negation
    • 6.5. Paradigmatic variation 6.5.1. Free negative particle 6.5.2. The negative particle TIDAK with a mouthed predicate 6.5.3. Negative suppletion 6.5.4. Discussion
    • 6.6. Syntactic variation
    • 6.7. Headshake variation
    • 6.8. Chapter summary
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