Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bird, E.; Oliver, B. (2016)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
Background: This study assessed short-term changes in children’s health and illness attitudes and health status following Facts4Life, a school-based health education intervention.\ud \ud Methods: Children aged 7-11 years (School Years 3-6) recruited from 10 schools in the UK participated in this study. A quasi-experimental design was utilised with 187 children participating in the intervention, and 108 forming a control condition. Children in both conditions completed measures of health and illness attitudes and health status at baseline and at immediate follow-up. Intervention effects were examined using mixed between-within subjects ANOVA.\ud \ud Results: Analysis revealed significant baseline to follow-up improvements in intervention group responses to “When I feel unwell I need to take medicine to feel better” (Years 3 and 4: p = 0.05, η2p = 0.02; Years 5 and 6: p = 0.004, η2p = 0.07). For intervention group children in Years 5 and 6 there was an improvement in response to “When I am ill, I always need to see a doctor” (p = 0.01, η2p = 0.07). There was no evidence that Facts4Life had an impact upon health status. \ud \ud Conclusions: This study identified some positive intervention effects and results suggest that Facts4Life has potential as a school-based health education intervention.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Health & Social Care Information Centre. (2015). National Child Measurement Programme: England, 2014/15 school year. Available at: http://www.hscic.gov.uk/catalogue/PUB19109/nati-chil-meas-prog-eng-2014-2015- rep.pdf [Accessed 08 July 2016].
    • 2. Bull, F.C. (2010). Physical Activity Guidelines in the U.K.: Review and Recommendations. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ukphysical-activity-guidelines [Accessed 20 January 2016].
    • 3. Public Health England. (2015). Improving young people's health and wellbeing. A framework for public health. London, UK. Available at: http://www.youngpeopleshealth.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/PHE-Improvingyoung-peoples-health-and-wellbeing.pdf [Accessed 20 January 2016].
    • 4. Galbraith-Emami, S. (2013). Public Health Law and Non-Communicable Diseases. UK Health Forum. London, England.
    • 5. Booth, M., O'Brodovich, H., & Finegood, D. (2004). Addressing Childhood Obesity: The Evidence for Action. Canadian Institute of Health Research.
    • 6. Brown, T., & Summerbell, C. (2009). Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Obes Rev, 10, 110-141.
    • 7. Pate, R.R., Davis, M.G., Robinson, T.N., Stone, E.J., McKenzie, T.L., & Young, J.C. (2006). Promoting physical activity in children and youth: a leadership role for schools: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in collaboration with the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and Cardiovascular Nursing. Circulation, 114 (11), 1214-1224.
    • 8. Borzekowski, D.L. (2009). Considering children and health literacy: a theoretical approach. Pediatrics, 124, Suppl 3: S282-288.
    • 9. De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Cauwenberghe, E., Spittaels, H., Oppert, J.M., Rostami, C., Brug, J., et al. (2011). School-based interventions promoting both physical activity and healthy eating in Europe: A systematic review within the HOPE project. Obesity Reviews, 12 (3), 205-216.
    • 22. Borzekowski, D.L.G. (2009). Considering children and health literacy: A theoretical approach. Pediatrics, 124 (Suppl. 3): S282-S288.
    • 23. Spence, S., White, M., Adamson, A.J., & Matthews, J.N.S. (2015). Does the use of passive or active consent affect consent or completion rates, or dietary data quality? Repeat cross-sectional survey among school children aged 11-12 years. BMJ Open, 5: e006457.
    • 24. Fleiss, J. (1986). The design and analysis of clinical experience. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
    • 25. Riley, A.W. et al. (2001). Child Health and Illness Profile - Child Edition. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University.
    • 26. Riley, A.W. et al. (2004). The Child Report Form of the CHIP-Child Edition: reliability and validity. Medical Care, 42 (3), 221-231.
    • 27. Riley, A.W., Forrest, C.B., Starfield, B., Green, B., Kang, M., & Ensminger, M. (1998). Reliability and validity of the adolescent health profile-types. Med Care, 36, 1237-1248.
    • 28. Riley, A.W. et al. (2001). Technical Manual for the Child Health and Illness ProfileChild Edition (CHIP-CE). Parent and child report forms (Version 1.0). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University.
    • 29. Woods, S.E., Springett, J., Porcellato, L., et al., (2005). 'Stop it, it's bad for you and me': Experiences of and views on passive smoking among primary school children in Liverpool. Health Educ Res, 20, 645-655.
    • 30. Myant, K.A., & Williams, J.M. (2005). Children's concepts of health and illness: Understanding of contagious illnesses, non-contagious illnesses and injuries. Journal of Health Psychology, 10 (6), 805-819.
    • 31. Christensen, P. (2004). The health-promoting family: A conceptual framework for future research. Social Science and Medicine, 59 (2), 377-387.
    • 32. Shepherd, J., Garcia, J., Oliver, S., Harden, A., Rees, R., Brunton, G., et al. (2002). Barriers to and facilitators of the health of young people: A systematic review of evidence on young people's views and on interventions in mental health, physical activity and healthy eating. Volume 2: Complete report. London: EPPI-Centre.
    • 33. Renninger, K. A. (2000). Individual interest and its implications for understanding intrinsic motivation. In C. Sansone & J. M. Harackiewicz (Eds.), Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: The search for optimum motivation and performance (pp. 373-404). New York: Academic Press.
    • 34. CSDH. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social 15 Baseline to post-intervention time by condition interactions F (df = 1, 292) p
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article