LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Phillpots, Kyle
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: GV
Rugby union was one of a number of versions of football to emerge from the mob\ud games of pre-industrial England. It was adapted in the 19th Century into a pastime\ud taken up by Gentlemen. During this period amateurism was the dominant\ud hegemony, however conflict within the Rugby Football Union (RFU) over the\ud concept of professionalism led to a schism with the working class clubs in the\ud north of England forming their own professional version of the sport in 1895.\ud Over the next one hundred years, the RFU utilised its power and authority to\ud maintain amateurism as the central concept of rugby union. For much of this\ud period amateurism was regarded as the superior approach to sports participation. It\ud was, however, a definition of amateurism that was based on a 19th Century ideal.\ud Changes took place in society, which changed the way sport was played. Sport\ud became more serious and society began to demand only success from their teams.\ud Rugby union was also influenced by the different cultures of the dominant playing\ud powers of the Southern Hemisphere. As the 20`x' Century progressed, an emergent\ud hegemony developed within sport, which emphasised qualities of performance that\ud may be termed `professional'.\ud In the last quarter of the 20th Century amateurism was a residual hegemony within\ud sport and most major sports had become both commercially oriented and\ud professional. In its desire to maintain and promote rugby, the RFU had become\ud dependent on commercialism and had also permitted cups and leagues to become\ud part of the sport. Finally, rather than lose total control of the sport the IRB agreed\ud to allow professionalism. The five years since 1995 have seen a continued struggle\ud for the control of the sport in England and have led some to fear for its survival at\ud lower levels.
  • No references.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok