Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Barton, J.; Bragg, R.; Pretty, J.; Roberts, J.; Wood, C. (2016)
Publisher: Sage
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: UOWSAT
It is well understood that wilderness expeditions improve well-being; however, there is little supporting quantitative data. The aim of this study was to measure the impact of wilderness expeditions on self-esteem (SE) and connectedness to nature (CN) and assess whether benefits varied according to participant and expedition characteristics. SE and CN were assessed pre– and post–wilderness expeditions in 130 adolescents using Rosenberg’s SE scale and the state CN scale. Two-way ANOVA revealed significant increases in SE and CN (p < .001) as a result of single expeditions. There was also an interaction effect of expedition and gender on SE (p < .05). Males had a higher SE at the start but female SE increased most. Linear regression revealed that living environment, gender, and the length and location of the expedition did not contribute to changes in SE and CN. Regular contact with natural environments will improve adolescent well-being, with the largest improvements in females.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Pretty, J., Angus, C., Bain, M., Barton, J., Gladwell, V., Hine, R., Pilgrim, S., Sandercock, G., and Sellens, M. (2009). Nature, childhood, health and life pathways, Colchester: University of Essex.
    • Pretty, J., Barton, J., Bharucha, ZP., Bragg, R., Pencheon, D., Wood, C., and Depledge, MH. (2015).
    • Improving health and wellbeing independently of GDP: dividends of greener and prosocial economies. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, DOI: 10.1080/09603123 Ranta, K., Kaltiala Heino, R., Koivisto, AM., Tuomisto, MT., Pelkonen, M., & Marttunen, M.
    • (2007). Age and gender differences in social anxiety symptoms during adolescence: The social phobia inventory (SPIN) as a measure. Psychiatry Research, 153, 261-270.
    • Robins, R.W., Hendin, H.M., & Trzesniewski, K.H. (2001). Measuring global self-esteem: Construct validation of a single item measure and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 151-161 Rogerson, M., Brown, D., Sandercock, G., Wooler, J.J., & Barton, J. (2015). A comparison of four typical green exercise environments and prediction of psychological health outcomes. Perspectives in Public Health, DOI: 10.1177/1757913915589845 Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    • Russell, KC. (2001). What is wilderness therapy? Journal of Experiential Education, 24, 70-79.
    • Russell, KC. (2006). Brat camp, boot camp, or ….? Exploring wilderness therapy program theory.
    • Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 6, 51-67.
  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    Title Trust
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article