Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Fido, D (2015)
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Each year, aggressive behaviour contributes to a substantial number of criminal offenses - resulting in severe personal, social, and financial ramifications. As such, there is importance for understanding the underlying mechanisms of aggression and how it might best be managed. The violence inhibition mechanism, thought to be dysfunctional in individuals characterised by aggressive behaviour and associated callous-unemotional traits, is used to explain how the perception of facial distress might inhibit an ongoing aggressive act. Despite a sizeable literature characterising the violence inhibition mechanism, to date, empirical research has overlooked this investigation on an electrophysiological level. This thesis developed a novel facial-affect stopping task in order to tease apart the distinct stages of face processing and distress-induced motor extinction using electroencephalography. Results suggested that whilst callous-unemotional traits, specifically uncaring traits, were associated with electrophysiological indices of structural/featural face processing (N170, P200), aggressive traits, specifically physical aggression, were associated with electrophysiological indices of distressinduced motor extinction (stop-N200, stop-P300). Furthermore, in light of a growing literature suggesting a benefit of omega-3 dietary intake for both aggressive and callous-unemotional traits, correlational analysis suggested an association between omega-3 and physical aggression/distress-induced motor extinction, but not callous-unemotional traits/face processing. These results have theoretical implications for understanding and investigating the violence inhibition mechanism on an electrophysiological level, as well as practical utility for better understanding how omega-3 might benefit aggressive traits and motor extinction. Specifically, the importance of distinguishing between both [1] aggressive and callous-unemotional traits and [2] face processing and motor extinction ability, when investigating the violence inhibition mechanism.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Sato, W., Toichi, M., Uono, S., & Kochiyama, T. (2012). Impaired social brain network for processing dynamic facial expressions in autism spectrum disorders. BMC Neuroscience, 13, 99.
    • Sato, W., Uono, S., Matsuura, N., & Toichi, M. (2009). Misrecognition of facial expressions in delinquents. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 3, 27.
    • Saunders, J. B., Aasland, O. G., Babor, T. F., de la Fuente, J. R., & Grant, M. (1993). Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): WHO Collaborative Project on Early Detection of Persons with Harmful Alcohol Consumption--II. Addiction, 88(6), 791-804.
    • Sauseng, P., Griesmayr, B., Freunberger, R., & Klimesch, W. (2010). Control mechanisms in working memory: a possible function of EEG theta oscillations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34, 1015-1022.
    • Sawada, R., Sato, W., Uono, S., Kochiyama, T., & Toichi, M. (2014). Electrophysiological correlates of the efficient detection of emotional facial expressions. Brain Research, 1560, 60-72.
    • Schachar, R., & Logan, G. (1990). Impulsivity and inhibitory control in normal development and childhood psychopathology. Developmental Psychology, 26, 710-720.
    • Schall, J. D., Stuphorn, V., & Brown, J. W. (2002). Monitoring and control of action by the frontal lobes. Neuron, 36, 309-322.
    • Schapkin, S. A., Gusev, S. A., & Kuhl, J. (2000). Categorization of unilaterally presented emotional words: an ERP analysis. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, 60(1), 17-28.
    • Schauer, M., & Elbert, T. (2010). Dissociation Following Traumatic Stress Etiology and Treatment. Journal of Psychology, 218(2), 109-127.
    • Schiller, D., & Delgado, M. R. (2010). Overlapping neural systems mediating extinction, reversal and regulation of fear. Trends in Cognitive Science, 14, 268-276.
    • Schmajuk, M., Liotti, M., Busse, L., & Woldorff, M. G. (2006). Electrophysiological activity underlying inhibitory control processes in normal adults. Neuropsychologia, 44(3), 384-395.
    • Schultz, D., Izard, C. E., & Bear, G. G. (2004). Emotionality, emotion information processing, and aggression. Development and Psychopathology, 16, 371-387.
    • Schulz, C., Kaufmann, J. M., Kurt, A., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2012). Faces forming traces: Neurophysiological correlates of learning naturally distinctive and caricatured faces. NeuroImage, 63(1), 491-500.
    • Schutter, D. J. L. G., & Harmon-Jones, E. (2013). The corpus callosum: A commissural road to anger and aggression. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 37, 2481-2488.
    • Schwenck, C., Mergenthaler, J., Keller, K., Zech, J., Salehi, S., Taurines, R., … Freitag, C. M. (2012). Empathy in children with autism and conduct disorder: group-specific profiles and developmental aspects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(6), 651-659.
    • Scott, S., Knapp, M., Henderson, J., & Maughan, B. (2001). Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into adulthood. British Medical Journal, 323, 1-5.
    • Scott, S. K., Young, A. W., Calder, A. J., Hellawell, D. J., Aggleton, J. P., & Johnson, M. (1997). Impaired auditory recognition of fear and anger following bilateral amygdala lesions. Nature, 385, 254-257.
    • Seara-Cardoso, A., Dolberg, H., Neumann, C., Roiser, J. P., & Viding, E. (2013). Empathy, morality and psychopathic traits in women. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 328-333.
    • Seguin, J. R., Nagin, D., Assaad, J. M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2004). Cognitiveneuropsychological function in chronic physical aggression and hyperactivity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113, 603-613.
    • Seidel, E., Pfabigan, D. M., Keckeis, K., Wucherer, A. M., Jahn, T., Lamm, C., & Derntl, B. (2013). Empathic competencies in violent offenders. Psychiatry Research, 210, 1168-1175.
    • Seitz, R. J., Schäfer, R., Scherfeld, D., Friederichs, S., Popp, K., Wittsack, H. J., … Franz, M. (2008). Valuing other people's emotional face expression: a combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography study. Neuroscience, 152, 713-722.
    • Shannon, R. W., Patrick, C. J., Venables, N. C., & He, S. (2013). 'Faceness' and Affectivity: Evidence for Genetic Contributions to Distinct Components of Electrocortical Response to Human Faces. Neuroimage, 83, 609-615.
    • Shapiro, J. P. (2000). Attitudes toward guns and violence questionnaire (AGVQ): Manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
    • Sheard, M. H. (1971). Effect of lithium on human aggression. Nature, 230, 113- 114.
    • Sheard, M. H., Marini, J. L., Bridges, C. I., & Wagner, E. (1976). The effect of lithium on impulsive aggressive behavior in man. American Journal of Psychiatry, 133(12), 1409-1413.
    • Shen, I., Lee, D., & Chen, C. (2014). The role of trait impulsivity in response inhibition: Event-related potentials in a stop-signal task. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 91, 80-87.
    • Shibata, T., Nishijo, H., Tamura, R., Miyamoto, K., Eifuku, S., Endo, S., & Ono, T. (2002) Generators of visual evoked potentials for faces and eyes in the human brain as determined by dipole localization. Brain Topography, 15, 51-63.
    • Shorey, R. C., Sherman, A. E., Kivisto, A. J., Elkins, S. R., Rhatigan, D. L., & Moore, T. M. (2011). Gender differences in depression and anxiety among victims of intimate partner violence: The moderating effect of shame-proneness. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26, 1834-1850.
    • Siegel, A., & Victoroff, J. (2007). Understanding human aggression: New insights from neuroscience. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 32, 209-215.
    • Siever, L. J. (2008). Neurobiology of aggression and violence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 429-442.
    • Silvers, K. M., Woolley, C. C., Hamilton, F. C., Watts, P. M., & Watson, R. A. (2005). Randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial of fish oil in the treatment of depression. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 72, 211-218.
    • Stanislav, S. W., Crismon, M. L., & Childs, N. L. (1998) Cerebrospinal fluid monoamine metabolites and glucose metabolism in posttraumatic aggression. Society of Biological Psychiatry, 43, 619-621.
    • Steele, V. R., Claus, E. D., Aharoni, E., Harenski, C., Calhoun, V. D., Pearlson, G., & Kiehl, K. A. (2014). A large scale (N = 102) functional neuroimaging study of error processing in a go/nogo task. Behavioural Brain Research, 268, 127-138.
    • Stekelenburg, J. J., & de Gelder, B. (2004). The neuronal correlates of perceiving human bodies: an ERP study on the body-inversion effect. Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropsychology, 15, 777-780.
    • Stenberg, G., Wiking, S., & Dahl, M., (1998). Judging words at face value: Interference in a word processing task reveals automatic processing of affective facial stimuli. Cognition and Emotion, 12, 755-782.
    • Sterzer, P., Stadler, C., Krebs, A., Kleinschmidt, A., & Poustka, F. (2005). Abnormal neural responses to emotional visual stimuli in adolescents with conduct disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 7-15.
    • Stevens, D., Charman, T., & Blair, R. J. R. (2001). Recognition of emotion in facial expressions and vocal tones in children with psychopathic tendencies. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 162(2), 201-211.
    • Stevens, L. J., Zentall, S. S., Abate, M. L., Kuczek, T., & Burgess, J. R. (1996). Omega-3 fatty acids in boys with behavior, learning, and health problems. Physiological Behaviour, 59(4-5), 915-920.
    • Stevens, L. J., Zhang, W., Peck, L., Kuczek, T., Grevstad, N., Mahon, A., … Burgess, J. R. (2003). EFA supplementation in children with inattention, hyperactivity, and other disruptive behaviors. Lipids, 38, 1007-1021.
    • Stewart, J. L., Silton, R. L., Sass, S. M., Fisher, J. E., Edgar, J. C., Heller, W., & Miller, G. A. (2010). Attentional bias to negative emotion as a function of approach and withdrawal anger styles: An ERP investigation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 76, 9-18.
    • Stieben, J., Lewis, M. D., Granic, I., Zelazo, P. D., Segalowitz, S., & Pepler, D. (2007). Neurophysiological mechanisms of emotion regulation for
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article