LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Komorowska-Durka, M.; Dimitrakis, G.; Bogdał, D.; Stankiewicz, A.I.; Stefanidis, G.D. (2014)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
During the past 15 years, increasing application of microwave heating to polycondensation reactions has been witnessed. Experiments have been carried out at laboratory scale using widely different experimental procedures. The use of microwaves has often led to significant benefits compared to conventional heating experiments in terms of multi-fold decrease in reaction times and energy consumption and production of polymers with increased molecular weight and improved mechanical properties. In other cases, microwaves do not appear to produce any significant benefits compared to conventional heating. At present, guidelines to experimentalist as to the process conditions and experimental design that should be applied are missing and experimentation seems to be based on an empirical trial-and-error approach. In view of the very different experimental protocols that have been applied and the contradictory trends that are frequently reported, we aim in this review to shed light on the role of important process parameters, such as the presence and type of solvent, the dielectric properties of the mixture and the individual phases, the use of heterogeneous catalysts, pressure, stirring, reflux conditions, temperature measurement method and microwave absorbing fillers, which all seem to determine the occurrence and magnitude of the benefits enabled by microwaves during polycondensation reactions.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bogdal, D. and A. Prociak, eds. Microwave-Enhanced Polymer Chemistry and Technology. 2007, Backwell Publishing.
    • Mishra, A. and R. Dubey, Green Polymer Synthesis: An Overview on Use of Microwave-Irradiation, in Green Chemistry for Environmental Remediation. 2011, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 379-424.
    • Ebner, C., et al., One decade of microwave-assisted polymerizations: Quo vadis? Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 2011. 32(3): p. 254-288.
    • Hoogenboom, R. and U.S. Schubert, Microwave-Assisted Polymer Synthesis: Recent Developments in a Rapidly Expanding Field of Research. Special Issue: Microwaves and Polymers 2007. 28(4): p. 368 - 386.
    • Kempe, K., C.R. Becer, and U.S. Schubert, Microwave-assisted polymerizations: Recent status and future perspectives. Macromolecules, 2011. 44(15): p. 5825-5842.
    • Mallakpour, S. and Z. Rafiee, Application of microwave-assisted reactions in stepgrowth polymerization: A review. Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition), 2008.
    • 17(12): p. 907-935.
    • Sinnwell, S. and H. Ritter, Recent Advances in Microwave-Assisted Polymer Synthesis. Australian Journal of Chemistry 2007. 60(10): p. 729-743 Wiesbrock, F., R. Hoogenboom, and U.S. Schubert, Microwave-assisted polymer synthesis: State-of-the-art and future perspectives. Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 2004. 25(20): p. 1739-1764.
    • Zhang, C., L. Liao, and S.S. Gong, Recent developments in microwave-assisted polymerization with a focus on ring-opening polymerization. Green Chemistry, 2007.
    • 9: p. 303-314.
    • Zong, L., et al., A Review of Microwave-Assisted Polymer Chemistry (MAPC). Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, 2003. 38(1): p. 49-74.
    • Hirao, K. and H. Ohara, Synthesis and recycle of poly(L-lactic acid) using microwave irradiation. Polymer Reviews, 2011. 51(1): p. 1-22.
    • Nakamura, T., et al., Large-scale polycondensation of lactic acid using microwave batch reactors. Organic Process Research and Development, 2010. 14(4): p. 781-786.
    • Nakamura, T., R. Nagahata, and K. Takeuchi, Microwave-assisted polyester and polyamide synthesis. Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry, 2011. 8(3): p. 306-314.
    • Metaxas, A.C. and R.J. Meredith, Industrial Microwave Heating, IEEE Power Engineering series 4. 1983.
    • Adlington, K., et al., Mechanistic Investigation into the Accelerated Synthesis of Methacrylate Oligomers via the Application of Catalytic Chain Transfer Polymerization and Selective Microwave Heating. Macromolecules, 2013. 46(10): p.
    • Kappe, C.O. and D. Dallinger, Controlled microwave heating in modern organic synthesis: highlights from the 2004-2008 literature. Molecular Diversity, 2009. 13(2): p. 71-193.
    • Kappe, C.O., B. Pieber, and D. Dallinger, Microwave Effects in Organic Synthesis: Myth or Reality? Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2013. 52(4): p. 1088- 1094.
    • Hayes, B.L., Microwave Synthesis - Chemistry at the Speed of Light. 2002, Metthews: CEM Publishing.
    • Tetrahedron, 1996. 52(15): p. 5505-5510.
    • Ávila-Orta, C.A., et al., Toward Greener Chemistry Methods for Preparation of Hybrid Polymer Materials Based on Carbon Nanotubes. Syntheses and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Composites, ed. S. Suzuki. 2013: Intech.
    • Thostenson, E.T. and T.-W. Chou, Microwave porcessing of thick section polymer composites. Proc.12th Annu. Meeting Amer. Soc. Composites, 1997. 931.
    • Thostenson, E.T. and T.-W. Chou, Microwave Processing: Fundamentals and Applications. Composites Part A, 1998. 30: p. 1055-71.
    • Shull, P.J., et al., Spatial and temporal control of the degree of cure in polymer composite structures. Polymer Engineering & Science, 2000. 40(5): p. 1157-1164.
    • Palumbo, M. and E. Tempesti, On the nodular morphology and mechanical behavior of a syntactic foam cured in thermal and microwave fields. Acta Polymerica, 1998.
    • 49(9): p. 482-486.
    • Liu, Y., et al., Microwave irradiation of nadic-end-capped polyimide resin (RP-46) and glass-graphite-RP-46 composites: cure and process studies. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 1999. 73(12): p. 2391-2411.
    • Liu, X.Q., Y.S. Wang, and J.H. Zhu, Epoxy resin/polyurethane functionally graded material prepared by microwave irradiation. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2004. 94(3): p. 994-999.
    • Yoo, Y., K.-Y. Choi, and J.H. Lee, Polycarbonate/Montmorillonite Nanocomposites Prepared by Microwave-Aided Solid State Polymerization. Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 2004. 205(14): p. 1863-1868.
    • Macromol. Rapid. Commun. , 2007. 28: p. 1148-54.
    • Martínez-Gallegos, S., M. Herrero, and V. Rives, In situ microwave-assisted polymerization of polyethylene terephtalate in layered double hydroxides. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2008. 109(3): p. 1388-1394.
    • Chang, J., et al., The production of carbon nanotube/epoxy composites with a very high dielectric constant and low dielectric loss by microwave curing. Carbon, 2012.
    • 50(2): p. 689-698.
    • Mi, H., et al., Microwave-assisted synthesis and electrochemical capacitance of polyaniline/multi-wall carbon nanotubes composite. Electrochemistry Communications, 2007. 9(12): p. 2859-2862.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article