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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ngirinshuti, Samuel
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: LAW
A comparative investigation of effective legislative drafting in Rwanda and Australia, focusing on the use of legislative section headings. The author explains how the introduction of section headings in legislation has a vital function to perform in making legislation readable and comprehensible.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1 Brief History of Legislative Section Headings in Australia and in Rwanda..... 9
    • 2 Section Headings in Rwanda and in Australia………………………………..... 12 2.1. Descriptive and Summarizing Section Headings and Section Headings in Question Form……………………………………………………………………... 13 2.2. Use of Section Headings with Sequences in Australia………………………... 14 2.3. Section Headings in the Table of Contents…………………………………….. 15
    • 3 Primary Users and Official Interpreters………………………………………..... 15 3.1. Audiences of Legislation………………………………………………………….. 16 3.2. Section Headings and Plain Language………………………………………..... 19
    • 4 Assistance for Primary Users…………………………………………………..... 20 4.1. Empirical Evidence………………………………………………………………... 21 4.2. Section Headings in Three Dimensions………………………………………… 22 4.2.1. Section Headings in Vertical Dimension………………………………………... 22 4.2.2. Section Headings in Horizontal Dimension…………………………………….. 27 4.2.3. Use of Section Headings in the Form of Question…………………………….. 31 4.3. Restrictions and Advantages of Section Headings on Primary Users……..... 33
    • 5 Assistance for Official Interpreters……………………………………………..... 36 5.1. Common Law and Interpretation………………………………………………… 36 5.2. Translator as Official interpreters………………………………………………... 38 5.3. Redundancy and Interpretation………………………………………………….. 39 CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………………………….. 40 BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………... 47
    • 1. Alcaraz E and Hughes B., Legal Translation Explained (St Jerom Publishing 2002).
    • 2. Asprey M.M, Plain Language for Lawyers (3rd edn, The Federation Press, 2003).
    • 3. Bennion F., Statutory Interpretation (London: Butterworths 1992).
    • 4. ------/-------, Understanding Common Law Legislation: Drafting and Interpretation (Oxford University Press 2001).
    • 5. Butt P and Castle R, Modern Legal Drafting: A Guide to Using Clearer Language (2nd edn, Cambridge University Press 2006).
    • 6. Crabbe V. C .A.C., Legislative Drafting (Cavandish Publishing Limited 1993).
    • 7. Dickerson R, The Fundamental of Legal Drafting (St. Paul, Minn.: West 1986).
    • 8. Driedger E.A., The Composition of Legislation (2edn, Ottawa: Department of Justice 1976).
    • 9. Holdsworth W.S. A History of English Law, (Vol.11, London: Methuen and Co. ltd. 1938).
    • 10. Langan P.J, Maxwell on the Interpretation of Statutes (12th edn, Bombay N.M. Tripathi Ltd 1976).
    • 11. Piesse, The Elements of Drafting (9th edn, The Law Book Company Limited1995).
    • 12. Pozzo B and Jacometti V, Multilingualism and the Harmonisation of European Law (Kluwer Law International 2006).
    • 13. Salembier P, Legal and Legislative Drafting (LexisNexis 2009).
    • 14. Thornton G, Legislative Drafting (3rd edn, London : Butterworth1987).
    • 15. Twining W. and Miers D, How to Do Things With Rules (5TH edn, Cambrige University 2010).
    • 19.Hartley J.and M Trueman M., 'A research Strategy for Text Designers: the Role of Headings' (1985) Structure Science 20.Hewagama R. 'The Challenges of Legislative Drafting in Small Commonwealth Jurisdictions' Vol. 36 (March 2010) 1 Commonwealth Law Bulletin.
    • 21.Horn N., 'Legislative Drafting in Australia, New Zealand and Ontario: Notes on an Informal Survey' (2005).1 The Loophole.
    • 22.----/----, 'Legislative Section Headings: Drafting Techniques, Plain Language, and Redundancy' (2001) 32 Statute Law Review.
    • 23.----/----, 'Shaping Policy Into Law: A strategy for Development Common Standards' (2011) The Loophole (special ed.) 24.Jackson B.S., 'Making Sense in Law: Linguistic, Psychological and Semiotic Perspectives' (1950) Liverpool: Deborah Charles Publication.
    • 25.Jones K., 'Rewriting Australia's Income Tax Law' (October 1998) The Loophole.
    • 26.Keyes J.M, 'The democratic challenge to drafting readable laws' (May 2004) 51 Clarity 27.Kools M., 'The Effects of Headings in information Mapping on Search Speed and Evaluation of a brief Health Education Text' (2008) Journal of Information Science.
    • 28.Krongold S'Writing Laws: Making Them Easier to Understand' (1992) 24 Ottawa Law Review.
    • 29.Laws S., 'Consistency versus Innovation' (October 2009).3 The Loophole.
    • 30.MacDonald D, 'Disclosure Overload: Lawyers are the Problem, not the Solution' (May 2004)51 Clarity.
    • 31.Mayhew P., 'Can Legislation Ever be Simple Clear, and Certain? (1990) 11 Statute Law Review .
    • 32.Murphy D., 'Plain Language in a Legislation Drafting Office' (1995) 33 Clarity 33.Musiim E 'Rwanda's Legal System and Legal Materials' BlobalLex accessed 11 July 2011.
    • 34.Nazareth J., 'Legislative Drafting: Could Our Statute Be Simpler? (1987) Statute Law Review.
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