Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Turner, Dawn; Vogelmann, A.; Austin, R.; Barnard, J.; Cady-Pereira, K.; Chiu, J. Christine; Clough, S.; Flynn, C.; Khaiyer, M.; Liljegren, J.; Johnson, K.; Lin, B.; Long, C.; Marshak, A.; Matrosov, S.; McFarlane, S.; Miller, M.; Min, Q.; Minnis, P.; O'Hirok, W.; Wang, Z.; Wiscombe, W. (2007)
Publisher: American Meteorological Society
Languages: English
Types: Article
Many clouds important to the Earth’s energy balance contain small amounts of liquid water, yet despite many improvements, large differences in retrievals of their liquid water amount and particle size still must be resolved.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Ackerman, T. P., and G. E. Stokes, 2003: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program. Phys. Today, 56, 38-45.
    • Austin, R. T., and G. L. Stephens, 2001: Retrieval of stratus cloud microphysical parameters using millimeter-wave radar and visible optical depth in preparation for CloudSat. 1: Algorithm formulation. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28 233-28 242.
    • Barnard, J. C., and C. N. Long, 2004: A simple empirical equation to calculate cloud optical thickness using shortwave broadband measurements. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 1057-1066.
    • Bender, F. A.-M., H. Rodhe, R. J. Charlson, A. M. L. Ekman, and N. Loeb, 2006: 22 views of the global albedo-Comparison between 20 GCMs and two satellites. Tellus, 58A, 320-330.
    • Bohren, C. F., and E. E. Clothiaux, 2006: Fundamentals of Atmospheric Radiation. Wiley-VCH, 472 pp.
    • -, J. R. Linskens, and M. E. Churma, 1995: At what optical thickness does a cloud completely obscure the sun? J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 1257-1259.
    • Bony, S., and J.-L. Dufresne, 2005: Marine boundary layer clouds at the heart of tropical cloud feedback uncertainties in climate models. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L20806, doi:10.1029/2005GL023851.
    • Cahalan, R. F., M. McGill, J. Kolasinski, T. Varnai, and K. Yetzer, 2005: THOR-Cloud thickness from off beam lidar returns. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22, 605-627.
    • Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, W. Wiscombe, H. Barker, J. C. Barnard, and Y. Luo, 2006: Remote sensing of cloud properties using ground-based measurements of zenith radiance. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D16201, doi:10.1029/2005JD006843.
    • Crewell, S., and U. Löhnert, 2003: Accuracy of cloud liquid water path from ground-based microwave radiometer-2. Sensor accuracy and synergy. Radio Sci., 38, 8042, doi:10.1029/2002RS002634.
    • Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, H. Gerber, and W. J. Wiscombe, 1999: Horizontal structure of marine boundary layer clouds from centimeter to kilometer scales. J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D6), 6 123-6 144.
    • Donovan, D. P., and A. C. A. P. van Lammeren, 2001: Cloud effective particle size and water content profile retrievals using combined lidar and radar observations. Part 1. Theory and examples. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 27 425-27 448.
    • Evans, K. F., R. P. Lawson, P. Zmarzly, D. O'Connor, and W. J. Wiscombe, 2003: In situ cloud sensing with multiple scattering lidar: Simulations and demonstration. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20, 1505-1522.
    • -, D. O'Connor, P. Zmarzly, and R. P. Lawson, 2006: In situ cloud sensing with multiple scattering lidar: Design and validation of an airborne sensor. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 23, 1068-1081.
    • Feingold, G., W. L. Eberhard, D. E. Veron, and M. Previdi, 2003: First measurements of the Twomey indirect effect using ground-based remote sensors. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1287, doi:10.1029/2002GL016633.
    • -, R. Furrer, P. Pilewskie, L. A. Remer, Q. Min, and H. Jonsson, 2006: Aerosol indirect effect studies at the Southern Great Plains during the May 2003 Intensive Operations period. J. Geophys. Res,. 111, D05514, doi:10.1029/2005JD005648.
    • Gerber, H., Y. Takano, T. J. Garrett, and P. V. Hobbs, 2000: Nephelometer measurements of the asymmetry parameter, volume extinction coefficient, and backscatter ratio in Arctic clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3021-3034.
    • Grant, E. H., J. Buchanan, and H. F. Cook, 1957: Dielectric behavior of water at microwave frequencies. J. Chem. Phys., 26, 156-161
    • Hartmann, D. L., M. E. Ockert-Bell, and M. L. Michelsen, 1992: The effect of cloud type on the earth's energy balance: Global analysis. J. Climate, 5, 1281-1304.
    • Houghton, 2001: Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press, 881 pp.
    • Korolev, A. V., G. A. Isaac, J. W. Strapp, and A. N. Nevzorov, 1999: In situ measurements of effective diameter and effective droplet number concentration. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 3993-4003.
    • Liao, L., and K. Sassen, 1994: Investigation of relationships between Ka-band radar reflectivity and ice and liquid water contents. Atmos. Res., 34, 231-248
    • Liebe, H. J., and D. H. Layton, 1987: Millimeter wave properties of the atmosphere: Laboratory studies and propagation modeling. NTIA Rep. 87-24.
    • Liljegren, J. C., and B. M. Lesht, 1996: Measurements of integrated water vapor and cloud liquid water from microwave radiometer at the DOE ARM cloud and radiation testbed in the Southern Great Plains. Proc. Int. Geoscience Remote Sensing Symp., Lincoln, NB, IGARSS, 1675-1677.
    • -, E. E. Clothiaux, G. G. Mace, S. Kato, and X. Dong, 2001: A new retrieval for cloud liquid water path using a ground-based microwave radiometer and measurements of cloud temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 14 485-14 500.
    • Lin, B., P. Minnis, A. Fan, J. A. Curry, and H. Gerber, 2001: Comparison of cloud liquid water paths derived from in situ and microwave radiometer data taken during the SHEBA/FIREACE. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 975-978.
    • Mace, G. G., S. Benson, and S. Kato, 2006: Cloud radiative forcing at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility: 2. Vertical redistribution of radiant energy by clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D11S91, doi:10.29/2005JD005922.
    • Marchand, R., T. Ackerman, E. R. Westwater, S. A. Clough, K. Cady-Pereira, and J. C. Liljegren, 2003: An assessment of microwave absorption models and retrievals of cloud liquid water using clearsky data. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4773, doi:10.1029/ 2003JD003843.
    • Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, K. D. Evans, and W. J. Wiscombe, 2004: The “RED versus NIR” plane to retrieve broken-cloud optical depth from groundbased measurements. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 1911-1925.
    • Matrosov, S. Y., T. Uttal, and D. A. Hazen, 2004: Evaluation of radar reflectivity-based estimates of water content in stratiform marine clouds. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 405-419.
    • McClatchey, R. A., and Coauthors, 1972: Optical properties of the atmosphere. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Environmental Research Paper AFORL-72-0497, 108 pp.
    • McFarlane, S. A., and K. F. Evans, 2004: Clouds and shortwave fluxes at Nauru. Part I: Retrieved cloud properties. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 733-744.
    • Mie, G., 1908: Beitrage zur Optik trüber Medien speziell kolloidaler Metallösungen. Ann. Phys., 25, 377-445.
    • Miller, M. A., K. L. Johnson, D. T. Troyan, E. E. Clothiaux, E. J. Mlawer, and G. G. Mace, 2003: ARM value-added cloud products: Description and status. Proc. of the 13th ARM Science Team Meeting, Broomfield, CO, ARM. [Available online at www. arm.gov/publications/proceedings/conf l3/extended_abs/miller-ma.pdf.]
    • Min, Q., and L. C. Harrison, 1996: Cloud properties derived from surface MFRSR measurements and comparison with GOES results at the ARM GSP site. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1641-1644.
    • Minnis, P., and Coauthors, 1995: Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document, Volume III: Cloud analyses and radiance inversions (Subsystem 4). NASA RP 1376, 176 pp.
    • Moran, K. P., B. E. Martner, M. J. Post, R. A. Kropfli, D. C. Welsh, and K. B. Widener, 1998: An unattended cloud-profiling radar for use in climate research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 443-455.
    • Polonsky, I. N., S. P. Love, and A. B. Davis, 2005: Wide-angle imaging lidar deployment at the ARM Southern Great Plains site: Intercomparison of cloud property retrievals. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 22, 628-648.
    • Ray, P., 1972: Broadband complex refractive indices of ice and water. Appl. Opt., 11, 1836-1844.
    • Rosenkranz, P. W., 1998: Water vapor continuum absorption: A comparison of measurements and models. Radio Sci., 33, 919-928.
    • Rossow, W. B., and R. A. Schiffer, 1999: Advances in understanding clouds from ISCCP. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 2261-2287.
    • Schmetz, J., 1984: On the parameterization of the radiative properties of broken clouds. Tellus, 36A, 417-432.
    • Sengupta, M., E. E. Clothiaux, T. P. Ackerman, S. Kato, and Q. Min, 2003: Importance of accurate liquid water path for estimation of solar radiation in warm boundary layer clouds: An observational study. J. Climate, 16, 2997-3009.
    • Shupe, M. D., and J. M. Intrieri, 2004: Cloud radiative forcing of the Arctic surface: The influence of cloud properties, surface albedo, and solar zenith angle. J. Climate, 17, 616-628.
    • Slingo, A., S. Nicholls, and J. Schmetz, 1982: Aircraft observations of marine stratocumulus during JASIN. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 108, 833-856.
    • Stephens, G. L., 1994: Remote Sensing of the Lower Atmosphere. Oxford University Press, 523 pp.
    • -, and Coauthors, 2002: The CLOUDSAT mission and the A-Train. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 1771-1790.
    • Turner, D. D., 2005: Arctic mixed-phase cloud properties from AERI-lidar observations: Algorithm and results from SHEBA. J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 427-444.
    • -, and R. E. Holz, 2005: Retrieving cloud fraction in the field-of-view of a high-spectral-resolution infrared radiometer. Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 3, 287-291.
    • -, K. L. Gaustad, S. A. Clough, K. Cady-Pereira, M. J. Mlawer, J. C. Liljegren, and E. E. Clothiaux, 2004: Improved PWV and LWP retrievals from the microwave radiometer for ARM. Proc. of the 14th ARM Science Team, Albuquerque, NM, ARM. [Available online at www.arm.gov/publications/proceedings/ confl4/extended_abs/turner3-dd.pdf.]
    • Twomey, S., 1974: Pollution and the planetary albedo. Atmos. Environ., 8, 1251-1256.
    • Westwater, E. R., Y. Han, M. D. Shupe, and S. Matrosov, 2001: Analysis of integrated cloud liquid and precipitable water vapor retrievals from microwave radiometers during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean project. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 32 019-32 030.
    • Wielicki, B. A., B. R. Barkstrom, E. F. Harrison, R. B. Lee III, G. L. Smith, and J. E. Cooper, 1996: Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES): An Earth Observing System experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 853-868.
    • Zhang, M. H., and Coauthors, 2005: Comparing clouds and their seasonal variations in 10 atmospheric general circulation models with satellite measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D15S02, doi:10.1029/ 2004JD005021.
    • Zmarzly, P. M., R . P. Lawson, 20 0 0 : An optica l extinctometer for cloud radiation measurements and planetary exploration. Final report submitted to NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in fulfillment of Contract NAS5-98032, 131 pp.
    • Zuidema, P., and D. L. Hartmann, 1995: Satellite determination of stratus cloud microphysical properties. J. Climate, 8, 1638-1657.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article