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Rashid, Goran M. M.; Taylor, Charles R. (Charles Robert); Liu, Yangqingxu; Zhang, Xiaoyang; Rea, Dean; Fülöp, Vilmos; Bugg, Tim (2015)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QK

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: complex mixtures, fungi, food and beverages, technology, industry, and agriculture
The valorisation of aromatic heteropolymer lignin is an important unsolved problem in the development of a biomass-based biorefinery, for which novel high-activity biocatalysts are needed. Sequencing of the genomic DNA of lignin-degrading bacterial strain Sphingobacterium sp. T2 revealed no matches to known lignin-degrading genes. Proteomic matches for two manganese superoxide dismutase proteins were found in partially purified extracellular fractions. Recombinant MnSOD1 and MnSOD2 were both found to show high activity for oxidation of Organosolv and Kraft lignin, and lignin model compounds, generating multiple oxidation products. Structure determination revealed that the products result from aryl-Cα and Cα-Cβ bond oxidative cleavage and O-demethylation. The crystal structure of MnSOD1 was determined to 1.35 Å resolution, revealing a typical MnSOD homodimer harbouring a 5-coordinate trigonal bipyramidal Mn(II) centre ligated by three His, one Asp and a water/hydroxide in each active site. We propose that the lignin oxidation reactivity of these enzymes is due to the production of hydroxyl radical, a highly reactive oxidant. This is the first demonstration that MnSOD is a microbial lignin-oxidising enzyme.

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