Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Kishida, Tadahiro; Kayen, Robert E.; Ktenidou, Olga-Joan; Silva, Walter J.; Darragh, Robert B.; Watson-Lamprey, Jennie (2014)
Publisher: Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center
Languages: English
Types: Other
Subjects: QE, TA
This report summarizes the products and results of a study on the collection, processing, and analysis of earthquake ground-motions recorded in Arizona at several recording stations within 200 km from the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station in central Arizona. The recorded ground motion in Arizona were compiled and processed according to the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center’s (PEER) record-processing standards. Shear wave velocity profiles at ten recording stations were measured through the spectral analysis of surface wave dispersion technique. Additionally, “kappa” a measure of energy dissipation in the top 1 to 2 km of the crust, was estimated by three methodologies. The average κ0 (kappa at zero-kilometer distance) was estimated from all sites as 0.033 sec. Finally, response spectra of the recorded ground motions in Arizona were compared with those predicted by the NGA-West2 ground motion prediction equations at large distances in Arizona. The comparison showed that overall the recorded 5% damped response spectral ordinates were over predicted by the NGA-West2 models by a range of 0-0.35 natural log units for events occurring in Central California, and by a range of 0.2-0.7 natural log units for events occurring in Southern California and the Gulf of California.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Aki K. (1967). Scaling law of seismic spectrum, J. Geophys. Res., 72: 12171231.
    • Aki K. (1969). Analysis of the seismic coda of local earthquakes as scattered waves, J. Geophys. Res., 74: 615631.
    • Ancheta T.D., Darragh R.B., Stewart J.P., Seyhan E., Silva W.J., Chiou B.S.-J., Wooddell K.E., Graves R.W., Kottke A.R., Boore D.M., Kishida, T., Donahue J.L. (2013). PEER NGA-West2 database, PEER Report 2013/03, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
    • Anderson J.G. (2013). Personal communication.
    • Anderson J.G. (1991). A preliminary descriptive model for the distance dependence of the spectral decay parameter in southern California, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 81: 2186-2193.
    • Anderson J.G., Hough S.E. (1984). A model for the shape of the Fourier amplitude spectrum of acceleration at high frequencies, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74: 1969-1993.
    • Anderson J.G., Humphrey J.R. (1991). A least squares method for objective determination of earthquake source parameters, Seismol. Res. Lett., 62: 201-209.
    • Arizona Geological Survey (2011). (Dec. 15, 2013).
    • Atkinson G.M., Silva W.J. (1997). An empirical study of earthquake source spectra for California earthquakes, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 87: 97113.
    • Atkinson G.M., Silva W.J. (2000). Stochastic modeling of California ground motions, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 90: 255- 274.
    • Bakun W.H. (1984). Seismic moments, local magnitudes, and coda-duration magnitudes for earthquakes in central California, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74: 439-458.
    • Beck S., Linkimer L., Zandt G., Holland A. (2013). Focal mechanisms and preliminary attenuation measurements in Arizona, Report CR-13-C, Arizona Geological Survey, (repository.azgs.az.gov), 21 pgs.
    • Biasi G.P., Anderson J.G. (2007). Measurement of the parameter kappa, and reevaluation of kappa for small to moderate earthquakes at seismic stations in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Final Technical Report TR-07-007, Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE), University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), 232 pgs.
    • Biasi G.P., Smith K. D. (2001). Site effects for seismic monitoring stations in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, MOL20011204.0045, a report prepared for the US DOE/University and Community College System of Nevada (UCCSN) Cooperative Agreement.
    • Boore D.M. (1983). Stochastic simulation of high frequency ground motions based on seismological models of the radiated spectra, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 73: 1865-1894.
    • Boore D.M. (2010). Orientation-independent, nongeometric-mean measures of seismic intensity from two horizontal components of motion, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 100: 1830-1835.
    • Boore D.M., Akkar S. (2003). Effect of causal and acausal filters on elastic and inelastic response spectra, Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 32: 1729-1748.
    • Boore D.M., Goulet C.A. (2014). The effect of sampling rate and anti-aliasing filters on high-frequency response spectra, Bull. Earthq. Eng., 12: 203-216.
    • Boore D.M., Stewart J.P., Seyhan E., Atkinson G.M. (2014). NGA-West 2 equations for predicting PGA, PGV, and 5%- damped PSA for shallow crustal earthquakes, Earthq. Spectra, DOI: 10.1193/070113EQS184M (in press).
    • Bozorgnia Y., Abrahamson N.A., Al Atik L., Ancheta T.D., Atkinson G.M., Baker J.W., Baltay A., Boore D.M., Campbell K.W., Chiou B.S.-J., Darragh R.B., Day S., Donahue J., Graves R.W., Gregor N., Hanks T., Idriss I.M., Kamai R., Kishida T., Kottke A., Mahin S.A., Rezaeian S., Rowshandel B., Seyhan E., Shahi S., Shantz T., Silva W.J., Spudich P., Stewart J.P., Watson-Lamprey J., Wooddell K.E., Youngs R.R. (2014). NGA-West2 research project, Earthq. Spectra, DOI: 10.1193/072113EQS209M (in press).
    • Bresenham J.E. (1965). Algorithm for computer control of a digital plotter, IMC Systems J., 4(1): 2530.
    • Brune J.N. (1970). Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear waves from earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 75: 4997- 5002.
    • Campbell K.W., Bozorgnia Y. (2014). NGA-West2 ground motion model for the average horizontal components of PGA, PGV, and 5%-damped linear acceleration response spectra, Earthq. Spectra, Vol. 30, DOI: 10.1193/062913EQS175M (in press).
    • Chiou B.S.-J., Darragh R.B., Gregor N., Silva W.J. (2008). NGA project strong-motion database, Earthq. Spectra, 24: 23-44.
    • Chiou= B.S-J., Youngs R.R. (2014). Update of the Chiou and Youngs NGA model for the average horizontal component of peak ground motion and response spectra, Earthq. Spectra, Vol. 30, DOI: 10.1193/072813EQS219M (in press).
    • Edwards B., Faeh D., Giardini D. (2011). Attenuation of seismic shear wave energy in Switzerland. Geophys. J. Int., 185: 967-984.
    • EPRI (1993). Guidelines for determining design basis ground motions, Electric Power Research Institute, Vol. 1-5, EPRI TR-102293, Palo Alto, CA.
    • Erickson D., McNamara D., Benz H. (2004). Frequency dependent Lg Q within the continental United States, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 94: 16301643.
    • Frankel A. (1982). The effects of attenuation and site response on the spectra of microearthquakes in the Northeastern Caribbean, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 72: 1379-1402.
    • Goldstein P., Dodge D., Firpo M., Minner L. (2003). SAC2000: Signal processing and analysis tools for seismologists and engineers, in: The IASPEI International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, W.H.K. Lee, H. Kanamori, P.C. Jennings, C. Kisslinger (eds.), Academic Press, London.
    • Hanks T. C. (1982). f max, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 72: 1867-1879.
    • Hanks T.C., Bakun W.H. (2008). M - log A observations of recent large earthquakes, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 98(1): 490-494.
    • Hanks T.C., Boore D.M. (1984). Moment-magnitude relations in theory and practice, J. Geophys. Res., 89: 6229-6235.
    • Hanks T.C., Kanamori H. (1979). A moment magnitude scale, J. Geophys. Res., 84: 2348-2350.
    • Hough S.E., Anderson J.G. (1988). High-frequency spectra observed at Anza, California: Implications for Q structure, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 78: 692-707.
    • Humphrey J.R., Jr., Anderson J.G. (1992). Shear wave attenuation and site response in Guerrero, Mexico, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 81, 1622-1645.
    • ICC {2002). International Building Code, International Code Council, Country Club Hills, IL.
    • IRIS (2013). Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, < http://www.iris.edu/hq/> (Dec. 15, 2013).
    • Kamai R., Abrahamson N.A., Silva, W.J. (2013). Nonlinear horizontal site response for the NGA-West2 project, PEER Report 2013/12, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
    • Kato K., Aki K., Takemura M. (1995). Site amplification from coda waves: validation and application to S-wave site response, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 85: 467-477.
    • Kayen R., Moss R.E.S., Thompson E., Seed R.B., Cetin K.O., Der Kiureghian A., Tanaka Y., Tokimatsu K. (2013) Shear-wave velocity-based probabilistic and deterministic assessment of seismic soil liquefaction potential, J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng., 139(3): 407-419.
    • Kayen R., Seed R.B., Moss R.E.S., Cetin K.O., Tanaka Y., Tokimatsu K. (2004) Global shear wave velocity database for probabilistic assessment of the initiation of seismic soil liquefaction, Proceedings, 11th International Conference on Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (The 3rd International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering), 2: 506-513, Berkeley, CA.
    • Kempton J.J., Stewart J.P. (2006). Prediction equations for significant duration of earthquake ground motions considering site and near-source effects, Earthq. Spectra, 22: 985-1013.
    • Kilb D., Biasi G., Anderson J.G., Brune J., Peng Z., Vernon F.L. (2012). A comparison of spectral parameter kappa from small and moderate earthquakes using southern California ANZA seismic network data, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 102: 284300.
    • Kishida T., Ktenidou O.-J., Darragh R.B., Silva W.J. (2014). Data processing for Fourier amplitude spectrum (FAS) estimation from NGA-West2 processed accelerations, Chapter 7 in the PEER NGA-East Database Report Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA (in preparation).
    • Ktenidou O.-J., Gelis C., Bonilla F. (2013). A study on the variability of kappa in a borehole. Implications on the computation method used, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 103(2a): 10481068.
    • Ktenidou O.-J., Cotton F., Abrahamson N.A., Anderson J.G. (2014). Taxonomy of kappa: a review of definitions and estimation methods targeted to applications, Seismol. Res. Letts. 85(1): 135146.
    • Lai C.G., Rix G. J. (1998). Simultaneous inversion of Rayleigh phase velocity and attenuation for near-surface site characterization, Report No. GIT-CEE/GEO-98-2, Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, GA, 258 pgs.
    • Lermo J., Chávez-García F.-J. (1993). Site effect evaluation using spectral ratios with only one station, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 83: 1574-1594.
    • Lettis Consultants International Inc. (2012). Characterization of Ground Motion Propagation for Palo Verde SSHAC Level 2 PSHA, Internal Project Report.
    • Earthquake Engineering for Resilient Communities: 2011 PEER Internship Program Research Report Collection.
    • Eds. Heidi Faison and Stephen A. Mahin. December 2011.
    • Seismic Response and Reliability of Electrical Substation Equipment and Systems. Junho Song, Armen Der Kiureghian, and Jerome L. Sackman. April 2006.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article