LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Shackleton, Kyle; Ratnieks, Francis L. W. (2016)
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal: Journal of Insect Conservation
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: QL0463, Ecology, Insect Science, QH0075, Animal Science and Zoology, QH0001, Nature and Landscape Conservation
One way the public can engage in insect conservation is through wildlife gardening, including the growing of insect-friendly flowers as sources of nectar. However, plant varieties differ in the types of insects they attract. To determine which garden plants attracted which butterflies, we counted butterflies nectaring on 11 varieties of summer-flowering garden plants in a rural garden in East Sussex, UK. These plants were all from a list of 100 varieties considered attractive to British butterflies, and included the five varieties specifically listed by the UK charity Butterfly Conservation as best for summer nectar. A total of 2659 flower visits from 14 butterfly and one moth species were observed. We performed a principal components analysis which showed contrasting patterns between the species attracted to Origanum vulgare and Buddleia davidii. The “butterfly bush” Buddleia attracted many nymphalines, such as the peacock, Inachis io, but very few satyrines such as the gatekeeper, Pyronia tithonus, which mostly visited Origanum. Eupatorium cannibinum had the highest Simpson’s Diversity score of 0.75, while Buddleia and Origanum were lower, scoring 0.66 and 0.50 respectively. No one plant was good at attracting all observed butterfly species, as each attracted only a subset of the butterfly community. We conclude that to create a butterfly-friendly garden, a variety of plant species are required as nectar sources for butterflies. Furthermore, garden plant recommendations can probably benefit from being more precise as to the species of butterfly they attract.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Big Butterfly Count (2014) Big Butterfly Count homepage http:// www.bigbutterflycount.org/. Accessed 02 Dec 2014
    • Burls A, Caan W (2005) Human health and nature conservation. Br Med J 331:1221-1222
    • Butterfly Conservation (2014) Butterfly Conservation Gardening http://butterfly-conservation.org/292/gardening.html. Accessed 02 Dec 2014
    • Cahenzli F, Erhardt A (2013) Nectar amino acids enhance reproduction in male butterflies. Oecologia 171:197-205
    • Corbet SA (2000) Butterfly nectaring flowers: butterfly morphology and flower form. Entomol Exp Appl 96:289-298
    • Corbet SA, Bee J, Dasmahapatra K, Gale S, Gorringe E, La Ferla B, Moorhouse T, Trevail A, van Bergen Y, Vorontsova M (2001) Native or exotic? Double or single? Evaluating plants for pollinator-friendly gardens. Ann Bot Lond 87:219-232
    • Crawley MJ (2013) The R book, 2nd edn. Wiley, Hoboken
    • Curtis RJ, Brereton TM, Dennis RLH, Carbone C, Isaac NJB (2015). Butterfly abundance is determined by food availability and is mediated by species traits. J Appl Ecol
    • Dearborn DC, Kark S (2010) Motivations for conserving urban biodiversity. Conserv Biol 24:432-440
    • DEFRA (2007) UK BAP priority terrestrial invertebrate species http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-5169. Accessed 01 May 2015
    • Dennis RLH (2010) A Resource-based habitat view for conservation. Butterflies in the British landscape. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK
    • Dennis RLH, Shreeve TG, Dyck HV (2006) Habitats and resources: the need for a resource-based definition to conserve butterflies. Biodivers Conserv 15:1943-1966
    • Forister ML, McCall AC, Sanders NJ, Fordyce JA, Thorne JH, O'Brien J, Waetjen DP, Shapiro AM (2010) Compounded effects of climate change and habitat alteration shift patterns of butterfly diversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107:2088-2092
    • Freeman C, Dickinson KJM, Porter S, van Heezik Y (2012) ''My garden is an expression of me'': exploring householders' relationships with their gardens. J Environ Psychol 32:135-143
    • Garbuzov M, Ratnieks FLW (2014a) Listmania: the strengths and weaknesses of lists of garden plants to help pollinators. BioScience biu150
    • Garbuzov M, Ratnieks FLW (2014b) Quantifying variation among garden plants in attractiveness to bees and other flower-visiting insects. Funct Ecol 28:364-374
    • Garbuzov M, Ratnieks FLW (2015) Using the British national collection of asters to compare the attractiveness of 228 varieties to flower-visiting insects. Environ Entomol nvv037
    • Garbuzov M, Samuelson EEW, Ratnieks FLW (2015) Survey of insect visitation of ornamental flowers in Southover Grange garden, Lewes, UK. Insect Sci 22:700-705
    • Gaston KJ, Fuller RA, Loram A, MacDonald C, Power S, Dempsey N (2007) Urban domestic gardens (XI): variation in urban wildlife gardening in the United Kingdom. Biodivers Conserv 16:3227-3238
    • Good R (2000) The value of gardening for wildlife-What contribution does it make to conservation? Br Wildl 12:77-84
    • Hardy PB, Sparks TH, Isaac NJB, Dennis RLH (2007) Specialism for larval and adult consumer resources among British butterflies: implications for conservation. Biol Conserv 138:440-452
    • Jennersten O (1984) Flower visitation and pollination efficiency of some North European butterflies. Oecologia 63:80-89
    • Loram A, Tratalos J, Warren PH, Gaston KJ (2007) Urban domestic gardens (X): the extent and structure of the resource in five major cities. Landsc Ecol 22:601-615
    • McGeoch MA, Chown SL (1997) Impact of urbanization on a gallinhabiting Lepidoptera assemblage: the importance of reserves in urban areas. Biodivers Conserv 6:979-993
    • Mevi-Schu¨ tz J, Erhardt A (2005) Amino acids in nectar enhance butterfly fecundity: a long-awaited link. Am Nat 165:411-419
    • Murphy DD, Launer AE, Ehrlich P (1983) The role of adult feeding in egg production and population dynamics of the checkerspot butterfly Euphydryas editha. Oecologia 56:257-263
    • O'Brien DM, Boggs CL, Fogel ML (2004) Making eggs from nectar: the role of life history and dietary carbon turnover in butterfly reproductive resource allocation. Oikos 105:279-291
    • Owen J (2010) Wildlife of a garden. A thirty-year study. Royal Horticultural Society, Peterborough
    • Owen J, Owen DF (1975) Suburban gardens: England's most important nature reserve? Environ Conserv 2:53-59
    • Peter Hardy's Butterfly Database, University of Staffordshire, http:// www.staffs.ac.uk/schools/sciences/geography/links/IESR/down loads/nectaring.xls. Accessed 09 Sept 2015
    • Polus E, Vandewoestijne S, Choutt J, Baguette M (2007) Tracking the effects of one century of habitat loss and fragmentation on calcareous grassland butterfly communities. Biodivers Conserv 16:3423-3436
    • R Core Team (2014) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL http://www.R-project.org/
    • Tallent-Halsell NG, Watt MS (2009) The invasive Buddleja davidii (butterfly bush). Bot Rev 75:292-325
    • Thomas JA (1995) The ecology and conservation of Maculinea arion and other European species of large blue butterfly. In: Pullin AS (ed) Ecology and conservation of butterflies, Springer, Netherlands. pp 180-197
    • Thomas JA (2005) Monitoring change in the abundance and distribution of insects using butterflies and other indicator groups. Philos Trans R Soc B 360:339-357
    • Thomas CD, Palmer G (2015) Non-native plants add to the British flora without negative consequences for native diversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112:4387-4392
    • Thomas JA, Simcox DJ, Hovestadt T (2011) Evidence based conservation of butterflies. J Insect Conserv 15:241-258
    • Tudor O, Dennis RLH, Greatorex-Davies JN, Sparks TH (2004) Flower preferences of woodland butterflies in the UK: nectaring specialists are species of conservation concern. Biol Conserv 119:397-403
    • Vickery ML (1998) Gardening for butterflies. British Butterfly Conservation Society, Dorset
    • Wallisdevries MF, Swaay CAMV (2012) Changes in nectar supply: a possible cause of widespread butterfly decline. Curr Zool 20:384-391
    • Werner PA (1975) Predictions of fate from rosette size in teasel (Dipsacus fullonum). Oecologia 20:197-201
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

Cite this article