LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Hibberd, DL; Jamson, SL; Carsten, OMJ (2012)
Publisher: Shaker Publishing
Languages: English
Types: Other
Subjects:
Driver distraction from in-vehicle tasks can have negative impacts on longitudinal and lateral vehicle control. The distraction problem is increasing due to advances in the functionality, availability, and number of in-vehicle systems. One approach to a solution is managing in-vehicle task presentation to reduce associated distraction. This paper reports three driving simulator experiments, designed to investigate the existence of the Psychological Refractory Period in the driving context and its effect on driver performance. The first two studies demonstrate that the effect is present when one or two surrogate in-vehicle tasks are presented in close temporal proximity to a lead vehicle braking event. Brake responding is subject to an increasing delay as the interval to an in-vehicle task is decreased. In-vehicle task modality and task presentation order modulate this effect. The final study will investigate whether the Psychological Refractory Period exists for a range of safety-critical driving events such as lead vehicle decelerations, swerving away from an out-of-control vehicle, and performing a lane-change manoeuvre. The advances on prior work include the use of an advanced driving simulator, and presentation of unpredictable safety-critical events and real-world in-vehicle tasks. The results have implications for the management of in-vehicle distractions – and driver safety; specifically through controlling the timing and modality of task presentation.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Allen, P.A., Smith, A.F., Vires-Collins, H., & Sperry, S. (1998). The Psychological Refractory Period: Evidence for Age Differences in Attentional Time-Sharing. Psychology & Aging, 13, 218-229.
    • Alm, H. & Nilsson, L. (1995). The effects of a mobile telephone task on driver behaviour in a car following situation. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 27, 707-715.
    • Brebner, J. (1977). The Search for Exceptions to the Psychological Refractory Period. In S. Dornic (Ed.) Attention & Performance VI, Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Attention and Performance. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
    • Brown, I.D. 1965. Effect of a car radio on driving in traffic. Ergonomics, 8, 475 - 479.
    • Damiani, S., Deregibus, E., & Andreone, L. (2009). Driver-vehicle interfaces and interaction: where are they going? European Transport Research Review, 1, 87-96.
    • Dutta, D. & Walker, B.N. (Year). Persistence of the PRP Effect: Evaluating the Response-Selection Bottleneck. In EDITOR BOOKTITLE LOCATION:PUBLISHER (Not conference date/location) 36th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Nov 1995 1995 Los Angeles, CA. 4.
    • Engström, J., Aust, M.L., & Viström, M. (2010). Effects of Working Memory Load and Repeated Scenario Exposure on Emergency Braking Performance. Human Factors, 52, 551-559.
    • Glass, J.M., Schumacher, E.H., Lauber, E.J., Zurbriggen, E.L., Gmeindl, L., Kieras, D.E., & Meyer, D.E. (2000). Aging and the Psychological Refractory Period: Task-Coordination Strategies in Young and Old Adults. Psychology & Aging, 15, 571-595.
    • Hein, G. & Schubert, T. (2004). Aging and Input Processing in Dual-Task Situations. Psychology & Aging, 19, 416-432.
    • Horrey, W.J. & Lesch, M.F. (2009). Driver-initiated distractions: Examining strategic adaptation for in-vehicle task initiation. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 41, 115-122.
    • Horrey, W.J., Lesch, M.F., & Garabet, A. (2008). Assessing the awareness of performance decrements in distracted drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 675-682.
    • International Organisation for Standardisation (2002). Road vehicles Ergonomic aspects of transport information and control systems Dialogue management principles and compliance procedures (ISO 15005). Geneva, Switzerland.
    • Karlin, L. & Kestenbaum, R. (1968). Effects of number of alternatives on the psychological refractory period. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 20, 167 - 178.
    • Klauer, S.G., Dingus, T.A., Neale, V.L., Sudweeks, J.D., & Ramsey, D. J. (2006). The impact of driver inattention on near-crash/crash risk: An analysis using the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study data. Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
    • Koter, R. (1998). Advanced Indication of Braking: A practical Safety Measure for Improvement of Decision-Reaction Time for Avoidance of Rear-End Collisions. In R.K. Jurgen (Ed.) Object Detection, Collision Warning and Avoidance Systems. PT-70 ed. Warrendale, Pennsylvania, USA: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.
    • Lansdown, T.C., Brook-carter, N., & Kersloot, T. (2004). Distraction from multiple in-vehicle secondary tasks: vehicle performance and mental workload implications. Ergonomics, 47, 91-104.
    • Lerner, N.D. (2005). Deciding to be distracted. In EDITOR Proceedings of the Third International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design (pp. 499-505) Iowa City: University of Iowa,.
    • Levy, J., Pashler, H., & Boer, E. (2006). Central Interference in Driving: Is There Any Stopping the Psychological Refractory Period? Psychological Science, 17, 228-235.
    • Mcintyre, S.E. (2008). Capturing attention to brake lamps. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 691-696.
    • Mcknight, A.J. & Mcknight, A.S. (1993). The effect of cellular phone use upon driver attention. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 25, 259-265.
    • Neale, V.L., Dingus, T.A., Klauer, S.G., Sudweeks, J., & Goodman, M.J. (2005). An Overview of the 100-Car Naturalistic Study and Findings. In International technical conference on the enhanced safety of vehicles (CD-ROM). Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
    • Pashler, H. (1984). Processing stages in overlapping tasks: Evidence for a central bottleneck. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 10, 358-377.
    • Pashler, H. (1990). Do Response Modality Effects Support Multiprocessor Models of Divided Attention? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 16, 826-842.
    • Pashler, H. (1994). Dual-Task Interference in Simple Tasks: Data and Theory. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 220-244.
    • Regan, M.A., Hallett, C., & Gordon, C.P. (2011). Driver distraction and driver inattention: Definition, relationship and taxonomy. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43, 1771-1781.
    • Smith, M.C. (1967). Theories of the Psychological Refractory Period. Psychological Bulletin, 67, 202-213.
    • Stutts, J.C., Reinfurt, D.W., Staplin, L., & Rodgman, E.A. (2001). The Role of Driver Distraction in Traffic Crashes. Washington DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
    • Telford, C.W. (1931). The refractory phase of voluntary and associative responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 14, 1-36.
    • Van Selst, M., Ruthruff, E., & Johnston, J.C. (1999). Can Practice Eliminate the Psychological Refractory Period Effect? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 25, 1268-1283.
    • Welford, A.T. (1952). The psychological refractory period and the timing of highspeed performance - A review and a theory. British Journal of Psychology, 43, 2-19.
    • Wickens, C.D. (1984). Processing Resources in Attention. In R. Parasuraman and D.R. Davies (Eds.) Varieties of Attention. London: Academic Press.
    • Wickens, C.D. (2008). Multiple Resources and Mental Workload. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50, 449-455.
    • Young, K. & Regan, M. (2007). Driver distraction: A review of the literature. In I.J. Faulks, M. Regan, M. Stevenson, J. Brown, A. Porter, & J.D. Irwin (Eds.) Distracted driving. Sydney, NSW: Australasian College of Road Safety.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article