Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Sher, W; Sherratt, S; Williams, A; Gameson, RN
Publisher: ITcon
Languages: English
Types: Article
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is increasingly being integrated in the design and management of construction projects. Not only are sophisticated electronic tools being widely used to help construction professionals design and manage buildings - ICT is assisting these people to work in virtual, collaborative electronic environments. As a result there is a trend to move from co-located to virtual team collaboration. The operational differences inherent in these environments and their impact on the generic skills of design professionals are the basis of the research reported here. We developed a generic skills coding framework for the activities of designers working in virtual teams. We then audio and video recorded designers working in teams designing different buildings and analysed the resulting data using our generic skills framework. We identified changes in the skills profiles of design team members between different operational states (low bandwidth-high bandwidth). The major conclusion of our analysis is that there are significant differences between the operational conditions: face-to-face, whiteboard and 3D virtual world, for the generic skills profiles.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Activeworlds-Corporation. (2008). Active Worlds. Retrieved 28 Sept 2008, from http://www.activeworlds.com/
    • Bales, R. (1951). Interaction process analysis. Cambridge: Addison-Wesley Press Inc.
    • Bell, B. S., & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2002). A typology of virtual teams: Implications for effective leadership. Group and organization management, 27(1), 14 - 49.
    • Burfield, I., Cadee, N., Grieco, F., Mayton, T., & Spink, A. (2003). The observer: Reference manual ver 5.: Wageningen, Neth: Noldus Information Technology.
    • Cannon-Bowers, J., Tannenbaum, S., Salas, E., & Volpe, C. (1995). Defining competencies and establishing team training requirements. In R. A. Guzzo & E. Salas (Eds.), Team effectiveness and decision making in organisations (pp. 333 - 380). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    • Carletta, J., Anderson, A. H., & McEwan, R. (2000). The effects of multimedia communication technology on non-collocated teams: a case study. Ergonomics, 43(8), 1237 - 1251.
    • Carthey, J., de Leval, M. R., Wright, D. J., Farewell, V. T., & Reason, J. T. (2003). Behavioural markers of surgical excellence. Safety Science, 41(5), 409-425.
    • Cross, N., Christiaans, H., & K., D. (1996). Introduction: The Delft protocols workshop. Analysing Design Activity. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
    • Dubé, L., & Paré, G. (2004). The Multifaceted Nature of Virtual Teams. In D. J. Pauleen (Ed.), Virtual teams: projects, protocols and processes: Idea Group.
    • Ericsson, K., & Simon, H. (1993). Protocol analysis: Verbal reports as data (Revised version). Cambridge: MIT Press.
    • Fletcher, G., Flin, R., McGeorge, P., Glavin, R., Maran, N., & Patey, R. (2003). Anaesthetists' Non-Technical Skills (ANTS): evaluation of a behavioural marker system{dagger}. Br. J. Anaesth., 90(5), 580-588.
    • Gameson, R., & Sher, W. (2002). An investigation into perceptions of project team dynamics and the utilisation of virtual environments, Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) (Vol. 1, pp. 177 - 186). Northumbria University, UK.
    • Gay, G., & Lentini, M. (1995). Use of Communication Resources in a Networked Collaborative Design Environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 1(1), 0-0.
    • Guerlain, S., Turrentine, B., Adams, R., & Forrest Calland, J. (2004). Using video data for the analysis and training of medical personnel. Cognition, Technology and Work, 6, 131 - 138.
    • Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2004). An Introduction to Functional Grammar (3rd ed.). London: Hodder Arnold.
    • Kanawattanachai, P., & Yoo, Y. (2002). Dynamic nature of trust in virtual teams. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 11(3-4), 187-213.
    • Kayworth, T., & Leidner, D. (2000). The global virtual manager: a prescription for success. European Management Journal, 18(2), 183-194.
    • Kazdin, A. (1982). Single-case research designs. New York: Oxford University Press.
    • Klampfer, B., Flin, R., Helmreich, R., Hausler, R., Sexton, B., Fletcher, G., et al. (2001, 5 - 6 July 2001). Enhancing Performance in High Risk Environments: Recommendations for the use of Behavioural Markers. Paper presented at the Behavioural Markers Workshop, Swissair Training Centre, Zurich.
    • Maher, M. L. (2002). Team Collaboration in High Bandwidth Virtual Environments. Retrieved 6 Sept 2008, 2008, from http://www.construction-innovation.info/index.php?id=63
    • Marchman III, J. F. (1998). Multinational, Multidisciplinary, Vertically Integrated Team Experience in Aircraft Design. International Journal of Engineering Design, 14(5), 328 - 334.
    • Newcastle, U. o. (2008). Training and CPD. innovation.info/index.php?id=1107
    • Retrieved 13 Oct 2008, 2008, from http://www.construction-
    • Powell, A., Piccoli, G., & Ives, B. (2004). Virtual teams: a review of current literature and directions for future research. SIGMIS Database, 35(1), 6-36.
    • Pring, T. (2005). Research Methods in Communication Disorders. London: Whurr Publishers.
    • Rice, P. L., & Ezzy, D. (1999). Qualitative Research Methods: A Health Focus. South Melbourne (Australia): Oxford University Press.
    • Riedlinger, M. E., Gallois, C., McKay, S., & Pittam, J. (2004). Impact of social group processes and functional diversity on communication in networked organizations. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 32(1), 55 - 79.
    • Salas, E., Shawn Burke, C., & Cannon-Bowers, J. A. (2000). Teamwork: emerging principles. International Journal of Management Reviews, 2(4), 339-356.
    • Wallace, W. (1987). The influence of design team communication content upon the architectural decision making process in the pre contract design stages. Edinburgh: Department of Building. , UK, HeriotWatt University.
    • Williams, A., & Cowdroy, R. (2002). How designers communicate ideas to each other in design meetings. Paper presented at the Design 2002, International Design Conference.
    • Williams, A., & Sher, W. (2007, 12 - 15 Nov). The Alignment of Research, Education and Industry Application. Paper presented at the IASDR 07: International Association of Societies of Design Research, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article