LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Gallagher, Michael; Beard, Maria; Clifford, M.J.; Watson, M.C. (2016)
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Energy for Sustainable Development
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Geography, Planning and Development
To mitigate the impact of: excess pollution, deforestation and injuries attributable to cookstoves in low-middle income countries, humanitarian and private sector organisations have made a commitment to distribute 100 million improved cookstoves (ICS) by 2020. In order to evaluate the safety of these ICS for the end users, a ten test ‘Biomass Stove Safety Protocol’ (BSSP) has been developed by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). However, there is no published evidence that this protocol has been independently assessed or benchmarked. This study aimed to determine whether the BSSP is fit for purpose such that, it will produce repeatable safety ratings for a range of cookstoves when performed by different testers. Results indicated that the scores for each stove varied considerably between each of the six testers with only one of five ICS receiving the same overall safety rating. While individually some tests produced relatively coherent scores, others led to large discrepancies. We conclude that although BSSP is an important starting point in highlighting the need for stove safety assessment, there are some aspects of the protocol that require further development to ensure that it can be reliably replicated by different testers.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Adkins E, Tyler E, Wang J, Siriri D, Modi V. Field testing and survey evaluation of household biomass cookstoves in rural sub-Saharan Africa. Energy Sustain Dev 2010;14: 172-85.
    • Albertyn R, Bickler SW, Rode H. Paediatric burn injuries in Sub Saharan Africa-an overview. Burns 2006;32:605-12.
    • Ashden. Case Study: Burn Manufacturing, Kenya [Online]. https://www.ashden.org/files/ case_studies/Burn,%20Kenya.pdf: Ashden; 2015 [Accessed 29/09/2015].
    • Bailis R. Controlled Cooking Test (CCT) [Online]. http://www.pciaonline.org/node/1050: Winlock International; 2004 [Accessed 10/08/2015].
    • Bailis R, Smith KR, Edwards R. Kitchen Performance Test (KPT) [Online]. http:// cleancookstoves.org/technology-and-fuels/testing/protocols.html: United Nations Foundation; 2007 [Accessed 12/08/2015].
    • Bryden M, Still D, Scott P, Hoffa G, Ogle D, Bailis R, et al. Design Principles for Wood Burning Cook Stoves [Online]. http://www.ewb-usa.org/files/2015/05/Principles WoodBurningCookStoves.pdf: Aprovecho Research Centre; 2005 [Accessed 14/08/ 2015].
    • Burn. Our Stoves [Online]. http://www.burnstoves.com/stoves/: Burn; 2015 [Accessed 06/04/2015].
    • Christoffel T, Gallagher SS. Injury Prevention and Public Health: Practical Knowledge, Skills, and Strategies. Jones & Bartlett Learning; 1999.
    • Clioma. Chitetezo Mbaula Specifications [Online]. http://www.clioma.org/home/home/ Item%202.aspx: Clioma; 2013 [Accessed 14/08/2015].
    • Curtis DO. Solar cooking and health. Boiling Point 2006;52:30-2.
    • Desai M, Mehta S, Smith K. Indoor Smoke from Solid Fuels: Assessing the Environmental Burden of Disease at National and Local Levels. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2004.
    • Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). IWA Tiers of Performance [Online]. http:// cleancookstoves.org/technology-and-fuels/standards/iwa-tiers-of-performance.html: United Nations Foundation; 2012 [Accessed 14/08/2014 2015].
    • Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). Biomass Stove Safety Protocol Guidelines [Online]. http://cleancookstoves.org/technology-and-fuels/testing/index.html: United Nations Foundation; 2015a [Accessed 12/08/2015].
    • Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). Country Profiles [Online]. http:// cleancookstoves.org/country-profiles/: United Nations Foundation; 2015b [Accessed 06/08/2015 2015].
    • Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). Our Mission [Online]. http://cleancookstoves. org/about/our-mission/: United Nations Foundation; 2015c [Accessed 01/09/2015 2015].
    • Golshan A, Patel C, Hyder AA. A systematic review of the epidemiology of unintentional burn injuries in South Asia. J Public Health (Oxf) 2013;35:384-96.
    • Hyder AA, Kashyap K, Fishman S, Wali S. Review of childhood burn injuries in subSaharan Africa: a forgotten public health challenge: literature review. Afr Saf Promot 2004;2:43-58.
    • Johnson N. Risk Analysis and Safety Evaluation of Household Stoves in Developing Nations. Master of Science, Iowa State University; 2005.
    • Johnson NG, Bryden M. Direct contact hazards of cookstoves: burns, cuts and scalds. Boiling Point 2006;52:14-5.
    • Johnson NG, Bryden KM. Field-based safety guidelines for solid fuel household cookstoves in developing countries. Energy Sustain Dev 2015;25:56-66.
    • Jones DB. The World Health Organization has spoken-improved cookstoves are not clean enough. Energy Sustain Dev 2015;24:86-7.
    • Justin-Temu M, Rimoy G, Premji Z, Matemu G. Causes, magnitude and management of burns in under-fives in district hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr J Public Health 2008;5:38-42.
    • Kammen DM. Cookstoves for the developing world. Sci Am 1995;273:72-5.
    • Kshirsagar MP, Kalamkar VR. A comprehensive review on biomass cookstoves and a systematic approach for modern cookstove design. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2014;30:580-603.
    • Kurmi OP, Semple S, Simkhada P, Smith WCS, Ayres JG. COPD and chronic bronchitis risk of indoor air pollution from solid fuel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax 2010;65:221-8.
    • Lofthouse V. Ecodesign tools for designers: defining the requirements. J Clean Prod 2006; 14:1386-95.
    • L'orange C, Defoort M, Willson B. Influence of testing parameters on biomass stove performance and development of an improved testing protocol. Energy Sustain Dev 2012; 16:3-12.
    • Mock C, Peck MD, Juillard C, Meddings D, Gielen A, Mckenzie L, editors. Burn Prevention: Success Stories Lessons Learned. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.
    • Mock C, Peck MD, Peden M, Krug E, editors. A WHO Plan for Burn Prevention and Care. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.
    • Ndiritu S, Ngum Z, Nyaim O. Burns: the epidemiological pattern, risk and safety awareness at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. East Afr Med J 2006;83:455-60.
    • O'brien C. Introducing alcohol stoves to refugee communities; a case study from Kebrebeyah, Ethiopia. Boiling Point 2006;52:16-8.
    • Outwater AH, Ismail H, Mgalilwa L, Temu MJ, Mbembati NA. Burns in Tanzania: morbidity and mortality, causes and risk factors: a review. Int J Burns Trauma 2013;3:18-29.
    • Peden M, Oyegbite K, Ozanne-Smith J, Hyder AA, Branche C, Rahman A, Rivara F, Bartolomeos K, editors. World Report on Child Injury Prevention. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.
    • Raftery J. CleanCook Ethanol Stove [Online]. http://www.appropedia.org/CleanCook_ethanol_stove: Appropedia; 2009 [Accessed 06/04/2015].
    • Sesan T. Navigating the limitations of energy poverty: lessons from the promotion of improved cooking technologies in Kenya. Energy Policy 2012;47:202-10.
    • Simon GL, Bailis R, Baumgartner J, Hyman J, Laurent A. Current debates and future research needs in the clean cookstove sector. Energy Sustain Dev 2014;20:49-57.
    • Tertinger DA, Greene BF, Lutzker JR. Home safety: development and validation of one component of an ecobehavioral treatment program for abused and neglected children. J Appl Behav Anal 1984;17:159-74.
    • Thomas E, Wickramasinghe K, Mendis S, Roberts N, Foster C. Improved stove interventions to reduce household air pollution in low and middle income countries: a descriptive systematic review. BMC Public Health 2015;15:1-15.
    • Urmee T, Gyamfi S. A review of improved cookstove technologies and programs. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2014;33:625-35.
    • World Health Organisation (WHO). WHO Air Quality Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: Household Fuel Combustion. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014.
    • Zwi KJ, Zwi AB, Smettanikov E, Söderlund N, Logan S. Patterns of injury in children and adolescents presenting to a South African township health centre. Inj Prev 1995;1: 26-30.
  • Inferred research data

    The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    Title Trust
    57
    57%
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article