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Reta, Demelash Shiferaw
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: K1
This dissertation is concerned with how societies in transition respond to past violation by focusing on how Ethiopia has dealt with gross violations committed during the repressive regime of a military junta called the Dergue – meaning Committee. It is widely believed that transitional justice processes play a significant transformative role in societies in transition.\ud \ud Based on a case study of the process and impact of prosecution of Dergue officials and their affiliates, this dissertation demonstrates that transitional criminal justice processes may not necessarily transform a society to a new social and political identity that essentially departs from a repressive past. The study discusses and analyzes the theory of transitional justice emphasizing the discourses on the meaning and significance of the main components of transitional justice – justice, truth, reparation and reconciliation – and relates these discourses to the Ethiopian experience. The study is qualitative, employing both primary data (primarily in-depth interview), and secondary data including literature (on Ethiopian history, law and politics), laws both national and international, court cases, and various reports including those of courts and the prosecution office. In the Ethiopian context, the arguments in support of prosecution resonate with the general theoretical arguments that it is necessary to render justice, establish rule of law, ensure accountability, serve as deterrence, and generally serve as a foundation for a new political and social identity. However, whether prosecution or prosecution alone was an appropriate response in the Ethiopian context is a contested issue.\ud \ud Secondly, the legal framework for prosecution and its implementation are also problematic. Thus, this study shows the problematic nature of transitional justice processes as carried out in Ethiopian social and political context in terms of both bringing closure to the past and playing a transformative role, and thereby showing the complex and contested nature of transitional justice itself.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. ALF - Afar Liberation Front
    • 2. ANC - African National Congress
    • 3. AWP - Afrikaner Weerstand Beweging or Afrikaner Resistance Movement
    • 4. COEDF - Coalition of Ethiopian Democratic Forces
    • 5. CONADEP - National Commission on the Disappeared (Argentina)
    • 6. EDU - Ethiopian Democratic Union
    • 7. EMALDH - Union of Ethiopian Marxist-Leninist Organizations
    • 8. EPLF - Eritrean Peoples Liberation Front
    • 9. EPRA - Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Army
    • 10. EPRDF - Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front
    • 11. EPRP - Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Party
    • 12. FDRE - Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    • 13. ICC - International Criminal Court
    • 14. ICCPR - International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
    • 15. IHL - International Humanitarian Law
    • 16. Malerid - Marxist-Leninist Revolutionary Organisation
    • 17. Me'ison - All Ethiopian Socialist Movement
    • 18. OLF - Oromo Liberation Front
    • 19. PAC - Pan-African Congress
    • 20. PDRE - Peoples Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    • 21. PMAC - Provisional Military Administration Council
    • 22. POMOA - Provisional Office for Mass Organization Affairs
    • 23. PPG - Provisional People's Government
    • 24. SLM - Sidama Liberation Movement
    • 25. SPO - Special Prosecutions (Prosecutor's) Office
    • 26. TGE - Transitional Government of Ethiopia
    • 27. TPLF - Tigray Peoples Liberation Front
    • 28. TRC - Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Africa)
    • 29. UDHR - Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • 30. UN - United Nations
    • 31. Wezlig - Workers League
    • 1. Budge, E.A, The Queen of Sheba and Her Only Son Menyelek (Kebra Negast), Translation, Cambridge, Ontario, 2000 available at http://www.yorku.ca/inpar/kebra_budge.pdf retrived on June 6, 2013
    • 2. Cohen, Robin and Goulbourne, Harry. (eds.), Democracy and Socialism in Africa, Boulder, San Francisco and Oxford, 1991
    • 3. Elster, Jon, Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, 2004
    • 4. Foblets, Marie-Claire and Von Trotha, Trutz (eds.), Healing the Wounds, Essays on the Reconstruction of Societies after War, Hart Publishing, Oxford and Portland Oregon, 2004
    • 5. Hayner, Priscilla B., Unspeakable Truths, Facing the Challenges of Truth Commissions
    • 6. Hayner, Priscilla B., Unspeakable truths: Confronting State Terror and atrocity, Rutledge, London, 2001
    • 7. James, William, Essays in Pragmatism, Hafner Publishing Company,Inc., Newyork, 1948
    • 8. Kiraly, Tibor, Criminal Procedure, Truth and Probability, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, Hungary, 1976
    • 9. Kissi, Edward, Revolution and Genocide in Ethiopia and Cambodia, Lexington Books, UK, 2006
    • 10. Kumar, K., Rebuilding Societies after Civil War, Lynne Rienner pub, Boulder co, 1997
    • 11. Matsuoka, Atsu Atsuko Karin & Sorenson, J. Ghosts & Shadows: Construction of Identity and Community in an African Diaspora, University of Toronto, Canada, 2001
    • 12. Orun, A.M, Introduction to Political Sociology, Fourth Edition, University of Illinois, Chicago, New Jersey, 2001
    • 13. Siegfried, Pausewang, Tronvol, Kjetil and Aalen, Lovise (eds), Ethiopia since the Derg. A Decade of Democratic Pretension and Performance, London, New York: ZED Books, 2001.
    • 14. Teitel, Ruti G., Transitional Justice, Oxford University Press, New York, 2000.
    • 15. Thoms,Oskar N.T., Ron, James and Paris, Roland: The Effects of Transitional Justice Mechanisms: A Summary of Empirical Research Findings and Implications for Analysts and Practitioners, Centre for International Policy Studies, University of Ottawa, April 2008
    • 16. Tola, Babile, To Kill a Generation: The Red Terror in Ethiopia, second edition, Free Ethiopia Press, Washington Dc, 1997.
    • 17. Tronvol, Kjetil, Schaefer, Charles and Aneme, Girmachew Alemu (eds.). The Ethiopian Red Terror Trials: Transitional Justice Challenged( African Issues), James Currey, 2009
    • 18. Villa-Vicencio, Charles and Doxtader, Erik, Pieces of the puzzle, Keywords on Reconciliation and Transitional Justice, the Institute of Justice and Reconciliation, Cape town, South Africa 2004
    • 19. W/Giorgis, Dawit, Red Tears: War, Famine and Revolution in Ethiopia, Red Sea Press, 1989
    • 20. Wilson, Richard A., The Politics of Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa: Legitimizing the Post Apartheid State, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.
    • 21. Young, John, Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia, The Tigray People's Liberation Front, 1975-1991, Cambridge University Press, UK, 1997
    • 22. Zewde, Bahru, A History of Modern Ethiopia, 1855-1991, Oxford, James Currey, 1991
    • 23. Zewde, Bahru, A History of Modern Ethiopia, 1855-1991, Second edition, James Currey, Oxford, UK, 2002
    • 24. Zewde, Bahru, The Quest for Socialist Utopia, The Ethiopian Student Movement c. 1960 - 1974, Addis Ababa University, James Currey, 2014,
    • 1. Abbink, Jon, the Impact of Violence: The Ethiopian “Red Terror” as a Social Phenomenon, 1995 Leiden: African Studies Centre [Online]. Available from World Wide Web:http://openacess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/9092/ASC-1242160- 029.pdf?sequence=1
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  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

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