LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Ford-Lloyd Brian V; Iriondo Jose M; Kell Shelagh P; Moore Jonathan D; Maxted Nigel (2008)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: BMC Bioinformatics
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: R858-859.7, Computer applications to medicine. Medical informatics, Software, Biology (General), SB, QH301-705.5

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: food and beverages

Abstract

Background

Crop wild relatives are wild species that are closely related to crops. They are valuable as potential gene donors for crop improvement and may help to ensure food security for the future. However, they are becoming increasingly threatened in the wild and are inadequately conserved, both in situ and ex situ. Information about the conservation status and utilisation potential of crop wild relatives is diverse and dispersed, and no single agreed standard exists for representing such information; yet, this information is vital to ensure these species are effectively conserved and utilised. The European Community-funded project, European Crop Wild Relative Diversity Assessment and Conservation Forum, determined the minimum information requirements for the conservation and utilisation of crop wild relatives and created the Crop Wild Relative Information System, incorporating an eXtensible Markup Language (XML) schema to aid data sharing and exchange.

Results

Crop Wild Relative Markup Language (CWRML) was developed to represent the data necessary for crop wild relative conservation and ensure that they can be effectively utilised for crop improvement. The schema partitions data into taxon-, site-, and population-specific elements, to allow for integration with other more general conservation biology schemata which may emerge as accepted standards in the future. These elements are composed of sub-elements, which are structured in order to facilitate the use of the schema in a variety of crop wild relative conservation and use contexts. Pre-existing standards for data representation in conservation biology were reviewed and incorporated into the schema as restrictions on element data contents, where appropriate.

Conclusion

CWRML provides a flexible data communication format for representing in situ and ex situ conservation status of individual taxa as well as their utilisation potential. The development of the schema highlights a number of instances where additional standards-development may be valuable, particularly with regard to the representation of population-specific data and utilisation potential. As crop wild relatives are intrinsically no different to other wild plant species there is potential for the inclusion of CWRML data elements in the emerging standards for representation of biodiversity data.

  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Maxted N, Kell SP, Ford-Lloyd BV: Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use: Establishing the Context. In Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use Edited by: Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Kell SP, Iriondo J, Dulloo E, Turok J. Wallingford, CABI Publishing; 2008:3-30.
    • 2. Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Hawkes JG: Complementary Conservation Strategies. In Plant genetic conservation: the in situ approach Edited by: Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Hawkes JG. London, Chapman & Hall; 1997:20-55.
    • 3. FAO: World agriculture towards 2015-2030 summary report. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations 2002.
    • 4. Hajjar R, Hodgkin T: The use of wild relatives in crop improvement: A survey of developments over the last 20 years. Euphytica 2007, 156:1-13.
    • 5. Prescott-Allen R, Prescott Allen C: Genes from the wild: using wild genetic resources for food and raw materials London, Earthscan Publications; 1983.
    • 6. Hoyt E: Conserving the wild relatives of crops Rome and Gland, IBPGR, IUCN, WWF; 1988.
    • 7. Maxted N, van Slageren MW, Rihan J: Ecogeographic surveys. In Collecting plant genetic diversity: technical guidelines Edited by: Guarino L, Ramanatha Rao V, Reid R. Wallingford, CAB International; 1995:255-286.
    • 8. Heywood V, Casa A, Ford-Lloyd B, Kell S, Maxted N: Conservation and sustainable use of crop wild relatives. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 2007, 121:245-255.
    • 9. Kell SP, Knüpffer H, Jury SL, Ford-Lloyd BV, Maxted N: Crops and wild relatives of the Euro-Mediterranean region: making and using a conservation catalogue. In Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use Edited by: Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Kell SP, Iriondo J, Dulloo E, Turok J. Wallingford, CABI Publishing; 2008:69-109.
    • 10. Achard F, Vaysseix G, Barillot E: XML, bioinformatics and data integration. Bioinformatics Review 2001, 17(2):115-125.
    • 11. Taxonomic Databases Working Group: Darwin Core 2 [http://www.tdwg.org/activities/darwincore/]
    • 12. Task Group on Access to Biological Collection Data: ABCD Schema [http://www.bgbm.org/TDWG/CODATA/Schema/ default.htm]
    • 13. Graham CH, Ferrier S, Huettman F, Moritz C, Peterson AT: New developments in museum-based informatics and applications in biodiversity analysis. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2004, 19(9):497-503.
    • 14. Guralnick R, Neufeld D: Challenges building online GIS services to support global biodiversity mapping and analysis: lessons from the mountain and plains database and informatics project. Biodiversity Informatics 2005, 2:56-69.
    • 15. Homepage for the Taxonomic Databases Working Group [http://www.tdwg.org]
    • 16. Distributed Generic Information Retrieval (DiGIR) [http:// digir.net/]
    • 17. BioCASE: A Biological Collection Access Service for Europe [http://www.biocase.org/]
    • 18. Wiki for the TDWG Access Protocol for Information Retrieval (TAPIR) Protocol [http://wiki.tdwg.org/twiki/bin/view/ TAPIR/]
    • 19. European Crop Wild Relative Diversity Assessment and Conservation Forum homepage [http://www.pgrforum.org]
    • 20. Crop Wild Relative Information System (CWRIS) [http:// www.pgrforum.org/cwris/cwris.asp]
    • 21. Kell SP, Moore JD, Iriondo JM, Scholten MA, Ford-Lloyd BV, Maxted N: CWRIS: an information management system to aid crop wild relative conservation and sustainable use. In Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use Edited by: Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Kell SP, Iriondo J, Dulloo E, Turok J. Wallingford, CABI Publishing; 2008:471-491.
    • 22. IUCN: Habitats Authority File [http://intranet.iucn.org/webfiles/ doc/SSC/RedList/AuthorityF/habitats.rtf]
    • 23. IUCN: Threats authority file [http://intranet.iucn.org/webfiles/ doc/SSC/RedList/AuthorityF/threats.rtf]
    • 24. IUCN: Conservation actions authority file [http:// www.redlist.org/info/conservation_actions.html]
    • 25. IUCN SSC - Species Survival Commission: Species Information Service [http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/our_work/sis.htm]
    • 26. IUCN: 2001 Categories and Criteria (version 3.1) [http:// www.redlist.org/info/categories_criteria2001.html]
    • 27. Taxonomic Concept Transfer Schema [http://www.tdwg.org/ standards/117/]
    • 28. TDWG: Economic Botany Data Collection Standard [http:/ /www.kew.org/tdwguses/rptLevel1_2States.htm]
    • 29. Scholten MA, Kell SP, Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV: Economic Botany Standards for Crop Wild Relatives. Presentation given at PGR Forum Workshop 5, Genetic Erosion and Genetic Pollution Assessment Methodologies. Terçeira Island, Portugal . September 8-11 2004
    • 30. Ford-Lloyd BV, Maxted N: Genetic Conservation Information Management. In Plant genetic conservation: the in situ approach Edited by: Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Hawkes JG. London, Chapman & Hall; 1997:284-309.
    • 31. Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd BV, Jury SL, Kell SP, Scholten MA: Towards a definition of a crop wild relative. Biodiversity and Conservation 2006, 15(8):2673-2685.
    • 32. Raunkiaer C: Life forms of plants and statistical plant geography Oxford University Press, Oxford; 1934.
    • 33. FAO: FAO/Unesco Soil Map of the World, Revised legend, with corrections and updates. World Soil Resources Report 60, Rome, FAO 1988. Reprinted with updates as Technical Paper 20 Wageningen, Netherlands, ISRIC; 1997.
    • 34. European Nature Information System (EUNIS): Habitat types [http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/habitats-code-browser.jsp]
    • 35. Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ: Towards a rational classification of cultivated plants. Taxon 1971, 20:509-517.
    • 36. Braun-Blanquet J: Pflanzensoziologie Wien, Springer; 1927.
    • 37. Moss H, Guarino L: Gathering and recording data in the field. In Collecting plant genetic diversity: technical guidelines Edited by: Guarino L, Ramanatha Rao V, Reid R. Wallingford, CAB International; 1995:367-417.
    • 38. OASIS: Proceedings of the Biodiversity Conservation Standards Workshop Gland, Switzerland; 2007.
    • 39. Stolton S, Maxted N, Ford-Lloyd B, Kell SP, Dudley N: Food Stores: Using Protected Areas to Secure Crop Genetic Diversity Gland, Switzerland, WWF Arguments for protection series; 2006.
    • 40. Lane A: A Global Initiative to Conserve Crop Wild Relatives In Situ. BGjournal 2005, 2:2.
    • 41. Raymond RH: Crop wild relatives Rome, Italy, Bioversity International; 2006.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article