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Mcallister, Annemarie (2012)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: L300, V320
The UK Temperance movement attracted millions of members in the nineteenth and twentieth century, including children. Probably the most successful of the many groupings was the children’s organization, the Band of Hope (1847–1995), and there is a rich legacy of teaching materials, including magic lantern slides, which enables later generations to discover and evaluate its use of visual discourse. This article explores the visual means by which the message was spread and members were gained, sustained, and given material for their own missionary endeavors. The argument highlights the importance of the pioneering visual tools for communicating these messages used by the Band of Hope.
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    • 1 Cited in Gillian Avery, Child's Eye: A History of Children's Books through Three Centuries (Oxford: Channel 4 TV/Bodleian Library, 1989), 6. The quotation is from the first English translation of 1659, available at http://archive.org/stream/johamoscommeniio00come#page/n13/mode/2up/search/%22to+delight%22.
    • 2 Brian Harrison, “Press and Pressure Group in Modern Britain,” in The Victorian Periodical Press: Samplings and Soundings, ed. Joanne Shattock and Michael Wolff (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1982), 282.
    • 3 Joseph Livesey, Bands of Hope, and the Care of Children (Preston: Livesey, ca.1850s), 1
    • 4 Livesey, Bands of Hope, 2.
    • 5 Annual Report (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1877), 4; Gwylmor Prys Williams and George Thompson Brake, Drink in Great Britain, 1900-1979 (London: Edsall, 1980), 181.
    • 6 Annual Report (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1931), 17. For a more detailed study of the Band of Hope, particularly in Lancashire and Cheshire, see Annemarie McAllister, “The Lives and the Souls of the Children: The Band of Hope in the North West,” Manchester Region History Review 22 (2011): 1-18.
    • 7 Lawrence H. Officer and Samuel H. Williamson, “Purchasing Power of British Pounds from 1245 to Present,” MeasuringWorth, 2011. http://www.measuringworth.com/ppoweruk/. (last accessed August 8, 2012). This calculation used Initial year=1893; Initial amount=5000 pounds; and Desired year=2012.
    • 8 Annual Report (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1909), 5.
    • 9 Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London: Verso, 1991).
    • 10 Walter Edwards, Notes of One Hundred Blackboard Addresses on Temperance for All Ages (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1899); Robert Walter Sindall, The Band of Hope Blackboard: A Treatise on the Art and Principles of Blackboard Teaching as Applied to the Weekly Meetings of the Band of Hope (London: The Sunday School Union, 1904), v.
    • 11 Robert Walter Sindall, “Blackboard Series,” The Band of Hope Chronicle, April 1892, 53.
    • 12 Robert Tayler, ed., The Band of Hope Manual (London: Band of Hope Union, 1942), 22.
    • 13 Tayler, Manual, 26.
    • 14 Annual Report (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1856), 10.
    • 15 This temperance tale, not to be confused with the popular story by Hesba Stretton (1832-1911) Jessica's First Prayer (1867), is available from the Magic Lantern Society of Great Britain slide readings library at http://www.magiclantern.org.uk/readings/reading.php?id=4002458 (members' password required).
    • 16 Figures for lantern slide circulation are found in the annual reports of the United Kingdom Band of Hope Union.
    • 17 Annual Report (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1923), 14.
    • 18 Tayler, Manual, 26-27.
    • 19 N. M. Mills, “Only the Best is Good Enough,” Workers' Onward, October 1949, 5.
    • 20 Joseph Livesey, “A New Year's Appeal,” The Staunch Teetotaler 13 (January 1868): 103.
    • 21 Livesey, “A New Year's Appeal,” 103.
    • 22 Illustrated as Figure 1 in “Public Engagement with Visual Historical Resources: The 2012 “Temperance and the Working Class” Project,” on p. 000 in this special issue.
    • 23 Annual Report (London: United Kingdom Band of Hope Union, 1926), 8.
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