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Adams, S. R. (Steven R.); Valdes, V. M.; Langton, F.A. (2008)
Publisher: Headley Bros. Ltd.
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: SB

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: fungi, food and beverages
Numerous reports demonstrate that low intensity, long-day (LD) lighting treatments can promote growth. However,\ud there are conflicting suggestions as to the mechanisms involved. This study examines the responses of Petunia,\ud Impatiens, and tomato to LD lighting treatments and concludes that no single mechanism can explain the growth\ud promotion observed in each case. Petunia showed the most dramatic response to photoperiod; up to a doubling in dry\ud weight (DW) as a result of increasing daylength from 8 h d–1 to 16 h d–1.This could be explained by an increase in specific leaf area (SLA) comparable to that seen with shading. At low photosynthetic photon flux densities (PPFD), the increased leaf area more than compensated for any loss in photosynthetic capacity per unit leaf area. In Petunia, the response may, in part, have also been due to changes in growth habit. Impatiens and tomato showed less dramatic increases in DW as a result of LD lighting, but no consistent effects on SLA or growth habit were observed. In tomato, increased growth was accompanied by increased chlorophyll content, but this had no significant effect on\ud photosynthesis. In both species, increased growth may have been due to a direct effect of LD lighting on photosynthesis.\ud This is contrary to the generally held view that light of approx. 3 – 4 μmol m–2 s–1 is unlikely to have any significant impact on net photosynthesis. Nevertheless, we show that the relationship between PPFD and net photosynthesis is non-linear at low light levels, and therefore low intensity LD lighting can offset respiration very efficiently.\ud Furthermore, a small increase in photosynthesis will have a greater impact when ambient light levels are low.
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    • ACOCK, B. (1991). Modeling canopy photosynthesis to carbon dioxide, light interception, temperature, and leaf traits. In: Modeling Crop Photosynthesis - From Biochemistry to Canopy. (Boote, K. J. and Loomis, R. S., Eds.). American Society of Agronomy and Crop Science Society of America, CSSA Special Publication Number 19, 41-56.
    • ADAMS, S. R. and LANGTON, F. A. (2005). Photoperiod and plant growth: a review. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 80, 2-10.
    • COCKSHULL, K. E. (1966). Effects of night-break treatment on leaf area and leaf dry weight in Callistephus chinensis. Annals of Botany, 30, 791-806.
    • GABRIELSEN, E. K. (1948). Effects of different chlorophyll concentrations on photosynthesis in foliage leaves. Physiologia Plantarum, 1, 5-37.
    • HAY, R. K. M. (1990). The influence of photoperiod on the dry matter production of grasses and cereals. New Phytologist, 116, 233-254.
    • HOFSTRA, G., RYLE, G. J. A. and WILLIAMS, R. F. (1969). Effects of extending the day length with low-intensity light on the growth of wheat and cocksfoot. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 22, 333-341.
    • HURD, R. G. (1973). Long-day effects on growth and flower initiation of tomato plants in low light. Annals of Applied Biology, 73, 221-228.
    • LANGTON, F.A., ADAMS, S.R. and COCKSHULL, K.E. (2003). Effects of photoperiod on leaf greenness of four bedding plant species. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 78, 400-404.
    • PIRINGER, A. A. and CATHEY, H. M. (1960). Effect of photoperiod, kind of supplemental light and temperature on the growth and flowering of petunia plants. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 76, 649-660.
    • SOLHAUG, K. A. (1991). Influence of photoperiod and temperature on dry matter production and chlorophyll content in temperate grasses. Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5, 365-383.
    • WELLS, R., BURTON, J. W. and KILEN, T. C. (1993). Soybean growth and light interception: response to differing leaf and stem morphology. Crop Science, 33, 520-524.
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