Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bueger, Christian (2014)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: JZ
Political scientists have started to focus on ‘practice’ as the smallest unit of analysis. Following a broader turn in the social sciences, the practice focus provides multiple advantages, including better conceptualizations of short-term social change, getting closer to the everyday activities of those speaking, writing and doing politics, appropriate conceptualization of agency-structure dynamics, or forms of analysis resonating with other communities than scholarly ones. This contribution asks what the methodological implications of the practice turn are. It is argued that the practice focus does not only imply a certain ‘theory’ but also a certain methodology. I advance the term praxiography to speak about the forms of analysis produced by practice researchers. I discuss key guidelines of praxiographic research on two levels: first, general research strategies that provide empirical access points, second, guidelines for data collection in the frame of participant observation, expert interviews, and document analysis. I conclude in arguing that although praxiography is context driven, and hence requires to be tailored to the research problem, it is vital to reflect on the methodological repertoire of praxiographic research.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abrahamsen, R. and M.C. Williams (2009), 'Security beyond the state: global security assemblages in international politics', International Political Sociology 3(1): 1-17.
    • Adler, E. and V. Pouliot (2011), 'International practices', International Theory 3(1): 1-36.
    • Adler, E. and V. Pouliot (eds) (2012), International Practices, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Andersen, M.S. and O.J. Sending (2010), Governmentalization of Sovereignty: Ownership in Peacebuilding. Oslo: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs.
    • Aradau, C., J. Huysmans, A. Neal and N. Voelckner (eds) (2014), Critical Security Methods: New Frameworks for Analysis, London: Routledge.
    • Bourdieu, P. (1977), Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Bueger, C. and F. Bethke (2013), Actor-Networking the Failed State - An Enquiry into the Life of Concepts', Journal of International Relations and Development, advance online publication, 18 January 2013; doi:10.1057/jird.2012.30.
    • Bueger, C. and F. Gadinger (2008), 'Praktisch Gedacht! Praxistheoretischer Konstruktivismus in den Internationalen Beziehungen', Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 15(2): 273-302.
    • Collier, S.J. and A. Ong (eds) (2005), Global Assemblages. Technology, Politics and Ethics as Anthropological Problems, Malden, MA; Oxford, Carlton: Blackwell Publishing.
    • De Laet, M. and A. Mol (2000), 'The Zimbabwe bush pump: mechanics of fluid technology', Social Studies of Science 30(2): 225-263.
    • De Volo, L.B. and E. Schatz (2004), 'From the inside out: ethnographic methods in political research', PS: Political Science & Politics 37(2): 267-272.
    • Eckl, J. (2008), 'Responsible scholarship after leaving the veranda: normative issues faced by field researchers and armchair scientists', International Political Sociology 2(3): 185-203.
    • Franke, U. and R. Weber (2012), 'At the Papini hotel: On Pragmatism in the Study of International Relations', European Journal of International Relations 18(4): 669-691.
    • Freeman, R. (2007), 'Epistemological bricolage: how practitioners make sense of learning', Administration & Society 39(4): 476-496.
    • Freeman, R. and J. Maybin (2011), 'Documents, practices and policy', Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice 7(2): 155-170.
    • Freeman, R., S. Griggs and A. Boaz (eds) (2011), 'The practice of policy making', Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice 7(2): 127-136.
    • Golsorkhi, D., L. Rouleau, D. David Seidl and E. Eero Vaara (eds) (2010), Cambridge Handbook of Strategy as Practice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Guggenheim, M. (2012), 'Laboratizing and delaboratizing the world : Changing sociological concepts for places of knowledge production', History of the Human Sciences 25(1): 99-118.
    • Hajer, M.A. and H. Wagenaar (eds) (2003), Deliberative Policy Analysis. Understanding Governance in the Network Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Halfon, S. (2006), 'The disunity of consensus: international population policy coordination as sociotechnical practice', Social Studies of Science 36(5): 783-807.
    • Hausschild, T. (2005), 'Auf den Spuren von Al-Qaida. Scheichs, Lügen, Videos: Eine Ethnographie des Terrors', Internationale Politik 2005(11): 32-51.
    • Hellmann, G. (ed.) (2009), 'The forum: pragmatism and international relations', International Studies Review 11(3): 638-662.
    • Howarth, D. (2009), 'Power, discourse, and policy: articulating a hegemony approach to critical policy studies', Critical Policy Studies 3(3): 309-335.
    • Keohane, R. and J. Goldstein (eds), (1993), Ideas and Foreign Policy. Beliefs, Institutions, and Political Change, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    • Knorr Cetina, K. (1995), 'Laboratory studies. The cultural approach to the study of science', in S. Jasanoff, et al. (eds), Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, pp. 140-166.
    • -- (1999), Epistemic Cultures. How the Sciences Make Knowledge, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    • --(2005), 'Complex global microstructures: the new terrorist societies', Theory, Culture & Society 22(5): 213-234.
    • Knorr Cetina, K. and U. Brugger (2002), 'Traders' engagement with markets: a postsocial relationship', Theory, Culture & Society 19(5-6): 161-185.
    • Kratochwil, F. (2007), 'Of false promises and good bets: a plea for a pragmatic approach to theory building (the Tartu lecture)', Journal of International Relations and Development 10(1): 1-15.
    • Kratochwil, F. and J. Friedrichs (2009), 'On acting and knowing: how pragmatism can advance international relations research and methodology', International Organization 63(3): 701-731.
    • Kwa, C. (2002), 'Romantic and baroque conceptions of complex wholes in the sciences', in J. Law and A. Mol (eds), Complexities: Social Studies of Knowledge Practices, London: Duke University Press, pp. 23-52.
    • Latour, B. (1987), Science in Action. How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    • -- (2005), Reassembling the Social. An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.
    • -- (2010), The Making of Law. An Ethnography of the Conseil d'Etat, Oxford: Polity Press.
    • Lave, J. and E. Wenger (1991), Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Law, J. (2003), Ordering and Obduracy, Lancaster: Centre for Science Studies, Lancaster University.
    • -- (2010), 'The double social life of method'. Paper presented at the 6th Annual CRESC conference on the Social Life of Method, 31 August-3 September, St Hugh's College, Oxford.
    • Laws, D. and M. Rein (2003), 'Reframing practice', in A. Maarten, M.A. Hajer and H. Wagenaar (eds), Deliberative Policy Analysis. Understanding Governance in the Network Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 172-208.
    • Lidskog, R. and G. Sundqvist (2002), 'The role of science in environmental regimes: the case of LRTAP', European Journal of International Relations 8(1): 77-100.
    • Luyd, B. (2008), 'Centres of calculation and unruly colonists: the colonial library in Singapore and its users, 1874-1900', Journal of Documentation 64(3): 386-396.
    • Mackay, J. (2007), 'State failure, actor-network theory, and the theorisation of sovereignty', BSIS Journal of International Studies 3: 59-96.
    • Marcus, G.E. (1995), 'Ethnography in/of the world system: the emergence of multi-sited ethnography', Annual Review of Anthropology 24: 95-117.
    • Miettinen, R., D. Samra-Fredericks and D. Yanow (2009), 'Re-turn to practice: an introductory essay', Organization Studies 30(12): 1309-1327.
    • Mol, A. (2002), The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice, Durham and London: Duke University Press.
    • -- (2010), 'Actor-network theory: sensitive terms and enduring tensions', Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 50(1): 253-269.
    • Neumann, I.B. (2002), 'Returning practice to the linguistic turn: the case of diplomacy', Millennium: Journal of International Studies 31(3): 627-651.
    • -- (2007), ''A Speech That the Entire Ministry May Stand for', or: Why diplomats never produce anything new', International Political Sociology 1(2): 183-200.
    • Nicolini, D. (2009), 'Articulating practice through the interview to the double', Management Learning 40(2): 195-212.
    • -- (2013), Practice Theory, Work & Organization, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • Nicolini, D., S. Gherardi and D. Yanow (2003), 'Introduction: toward a practice-based view of knowing and learning in organizations', in D. Nicolini, S. Gherardi and D. Yanow (eds), Knowing in Organizations. A Practice-Based Approach, Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, pp. 3-31.
    • Nullmeier, F. and T. Pritzlaff (2009), 'Zu einer Theorie politischer Praktiken', Österreichische Zeitschrift Für Politikwissenschaft 38(1): 7-22.
    • Ortner, S.B. (1984), 'Theory in anthropology since the sixties', Comparative Studies in Society and History 26(1): 126-166.
    • Pouliot, V. (2010), 'The materials of practice: nuclear warheads, rhetorical commonplaces and committee meetings in Russian - Atlantic relations', Cooperation and Conflict 45(3): 1-17.
    • -- (2007), ''Sobjectivism': toward a constructivist methodology', International Studies Quarterly 51(2): 359-384.
    • Putnam, L.L. and F. Cooren (2004), 'Alternative perspectives on the role of text and agency in constituting organizations', Organization 11(3): 323-333.
    • Reckwitz, A. (2002), 'Toward a theory of social practices: a development in culturalist theorizing', European Journal of Social Theory 5(2): 243-263.
    • Reckwitz, A. (2008), 'Praktiken und Diskurse. Eine sozialtheoretische und methodologische Relation', in H. Kalthoff, S. Hirschauer and G. Lindemann (eds), Theoretische Empirie. Zur Relevanz qualitativer Forschung, Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp Verlag, 188-209.
    • Riles, A. (2006), '[Deadlines]: removing the brackets on politics in bureaucratic and anthropological analysis', in A Riles (ed.), Documents: Artifacts of Modern Knowledge, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    • Rouse, J. (1987), Knowledge and Power: Toward a Political Philosophy of Science, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    • -- (1996), 'Engaging science', How to Understand its Practices Philosophically, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    • Sandholtz, W. (2008), 'Explaining international norm change', in W. Sandholtz and K. Stiles (eds), International Norms and Cycles of Change, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-26.
    • Schatzki, T.R. (2002), The Site of the Social. A Philosophical Account of the Constitution of Social Life and Change, University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
    • -- (2005), 'Peripheral vision: the sites of organizations', Organization Studies 26(3): 465-484.
    • Spiegel, G.M. (ed.) (2005), Practicing History. New Directions in Historical Writing after the Linguistic Turn, New York: Routledge.
    • Srnicek, N. (2010), 'Conflict networks: collapsing the global into the local', Journal of Critical Globalisation Studies 2(2): 30-64.
    • Tsing, A. (2005), Friction. An Ethnography of Global Connection, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
    • Vrasti, W. (2008), 'The strange case of ethnography and international relations', Millennium: Journal of International Studies 37(2): 279-301.
    • Wagenaar, H. (2004), ''Knowing' the rules: administrative work as practice', Public Administration Review 64(6): 643-656.
    • Walters, W. (2002), 'The power of inscription: beyond social construction and deconstruction in European integration studies', Millennium: Journal of International Studies 31(1): 83-108.
    • Widmaier, W.W. and M. Blyth (2007), 'Exogenous shocks or endogenous constructions? The meanings of wars and crisis', International Studies Quarterly 51(4): 747-759.
    • Wodak, R. (2009), The Discourse of Politics in Action: Politics as Usual, Houndmills, Basingstoke/ New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Funded by projects

Cite this article