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Jordan, J (2007)
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects:
Through analysing critically a broad range of visual, oral and written sources, this PhD thesis is centred upon identifying and exploring the prescriptions and perceptions of manhood and manliness in England during the period c.1580-c.1700. It traces shifts in emphasis of the defining characteristics of manhood across the long-seventeenth century. Moreover, the centrality of both social status and the life cycle to the edicts of manhood are raised and analysed. After an initial examination of both professional and popular understanding of biological distinctions between the two sexes, the importance placed on outward conformity to perceptions of gender difference is highlighted, providing a foundation of early modern understanding of sex differentiation, which is then built upon to realise corporeal differences within the male gender. The thesis goes on to consider the extent to which prescriptions of manhood and manliness were mutable at specific life stages, including boyhood, youth and manhood. This provides a framework for examining the plurality and changing contexts of manhood, allowing for the possibility that there were many and sometimes contradictory prescriptions of male conduct and manliness. Finally, the thesis explores the extent to which social rank impacted on the prescriptions of manhood, thus questioning the extent to which these concepts were constructed in the higher echelons of the social strata and disseminated downwards.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. A Lady of the Grenville Family and her Son (1640) by Gilbert Jackson (© Tate, London, 2007).
    • 2. Charles II (1630) by an unknown artist (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 3. Mrs Salesbury with her Grandchildren Edward and Elizabeth Bagot (1675-6) by John Michael Wright (© Tate, London, 2007).
    • 4. William III (1657) after Cornelius Johnson (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 5. Charles II (1638) by Anthony Van Dyck and Studio (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 6. Charles II (1639) by Cornelius Johnson (National Portrait Galley, London).
    • 7. Henry Prince of Wales (1603) by Marcus Gheeraerts II (National Portrait Gallery London).
    • 8. Henry Prince of Wales (1610) by Robert Peake the Elder (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 9. James II (1639) by Cornelius Johnson (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 10. Sir Walter Ralegh and his Son (1602) by an unknown artist (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 11. Five Children of Charles I (1637) after Anthony Van Dyck (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 12. The Duke of Buckingham and his Family (1628?) after Gerrit van Honthorst (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 13. The Capel Family (1640) by Cornelius Johnson (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 14. The 1st Earl of Monmouth and his Family (1617) attributed to Paul Van Somer (National Portraits Gallery, London).
    • 15. Sir Thomas More, his Father, his Household and his Descendants (1593) by Rowland Lockey (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 16. The Saltonstall Family (c.1636-7) by David Des Granges (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 17. The Family of Sir Robert Vyner (1673) by John Michael Wright (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 18. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York, and James II (1660s) by Sir Peter Lely (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 19. Arthur Capel, 1st Earl of Essex and Elizabeth, Countess of Essex (1653) by Sir Peter Lely (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 20. Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel and Surrey (1618) by Daniel Mytens (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 21. Alathea, Countess of Arundel and Surrey (1618) by Daniel Mytens (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 22. Sir William Killigrew (1638) by Anthony Van Dyck (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 23. Mary Hill, Lady Killigrew (1638) Anthony Van Dyck (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 24. Captain Thomas Lee (1594) by Marcus Gheeraerts II (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 25. Unknown man in a slashed black doublet (c.1605) attributed to Sir William Segar (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 26. James Hamilton, Earl of Arran (1623) by Daniel Mytens (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 27. Sir Thomas Pope, later 3rd Earl of Downe (c.1635) by the British School 1600-99 (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 28. William Style of Langley (1636) by the British School 1600-99 (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 29. Endymion Porter (1642-5) by William Dobson (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 30. Portrait of an Unknown Officer (1645) by William Dobson (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 31. Sir John Drake (1646) by Edward Bower (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 32. Henry Howard, Duke of Norfolk (1670-5) by Gerard Soest (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 33. Philip 4th Lord of Wharton (1685) by Sir Godfrey Kneller (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 34. James Sotherby (c.1690) by John Riley (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 35. George Puleston? (1625-30) by John Souch (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 36. John Cleveland? (c.1660) by Isaac Fuller (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 37. Portrait of Gentleman with Dog, probably Sir Thomas Tipping? (c.1660) by Gilbert Soest (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 38. Richard Colman (c.1662) attributed to John Greenhill (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 39. Samuel Pepys (1666) by John Hayls (National Portrait Gallery, London).
    • 40. Frans Mercurius Van Helmont (1670-1) by Sir Peter Lely (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 41. John Banckes (1676) by Sir Godfrey Kneller (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 42. Portrait of a Gentleman, probably Arthur Parsons MD? (1683) by Simon Du Bois (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 43. Robert Colman (c.1690) attributed to Mary Beale (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 44. First Marquiss of Tweedale (1695) by Sir Godfrey Kneller (© Tate, London 2007).
    • 45. John Smith the Engraver (1696) by Sir Godfrey Kneller (© Tate, London 2007).
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