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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Revitt, D. Mike; Eriksson, Eva; Donner, Erica (2011)
Publisher: Elsevier
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
An increasing worldwide interest in water recycling technologies such as greywater treatment and reuse suggests that additional research to elucidate the fate of xenobiotics during such practices would be beneficial. In this paper, scenario analyses supported by empirical data are used for highlighting the potential fate of a selection of xenobiotic micropollutants in decentralised greywater treatment systems, and for investigation of the possible implications of greywater recycling for the wider urban water cycle. Potential potable water savings of up to 43% are predicted for greywater recycling based on Danish water use statistics and priority substance monitoring at a greywater treatment plant in Denmark. Adsorption represents an important mechanism for the removal of cadmium, nickel, lead and nonylphenol from influent greywater and therefore the disposal route adopted for the generated sludge can exert a major impact on the overall efficiency and environmental sustainability of greywater treatment.
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    • Eriksson, E., Auffarth, K., Eilersen, A-M., Henze, M., Ledin, A. (2003). Household chemicals and personal care products as sources for xenobiotic organic compounds in grey wastewater. Water SA 29 (2), 135-146.
    • European Commission. (1986). Directive 86/278/EEC of 12th June 1986 on the protection of the environment and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture. Accessed on 2 September 2010 at: http://ec.europa.eu European Commission. (2000a). Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy. 23rd October, 2000. Accessed on 2 September 2010 at: http://ec.europa.eu/emvironment/water/water-framework/index_en.html European Commission (2000b). Working Document on Sludge, 3rd draft, ENV.E.3/LM. European Commission, Brussels, 27th April, 2000. Accessed on 2 September 2010 at: http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/sludge/report10.htm Palmquist, H. (2004): Hazardous substances in wastewater management. PhD thesis. Luleâ University of Technology, Sweden. 2004:47, ISSN: 1402-1544. Accessed on 2 September 2010 at: http://epubl.luth.se/1402-1544/2004/47/LTU-DT-0447-SE.pdf Palmquist, H.and Hanaeus, J. (2005). Hazardous substances in separately collected grey- and blackwater from ordinary Swedish households. Science of the Total Environmen. 348 (1-3), 151-163.
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