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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Witchard, Anne (2007)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: UOW10
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • i Jack London, The People of the Abyss (New York: Macmillan, 1903) ii H.V. Morton, The Nights of London (London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., (1926) 1934), p. 16.
    • iii General Booth, In Darkest England and the Way Out ( New York: Garrett Press, 1970 (1890)), pp.
    • 11-12. General Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, referred to the East End as 'darkest England' in response to the explorer H.M. Stanley's In Darkest Africa (1890).
    • iv 94 'China born aliens' appeared in London's Census returns for 1871; in 1921 this had increased to 711.
    • v Thomas Burke, Limehouse Nights (London: Daily Express Fiction Library edition, n.d. [1916], p. 19.
    • vi Thomas Burke, The Wind and The Rain: A Book of Confessions (London, Thornton Butterworth Ltd., 1924), p. 136.
    • vii ibid., p. 86 viii Sax Rohmer (pseud. Arthur Ward). The earliest Fu-Manchu stories were printed as magazine serials in 1911 and 1912, the first novel in the series was The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu (London: Methuen, 1913), published in the US as The Insidious Dr. Fu-Manchu (New York: McBride, 1913).
    • ix 'Opium Smoking: East End Dens', South London Advertiser, 28th December, obscurely dated cutting, 1910s. Chinatown File, Local History Archive, Tower Hamlets Central Library.
    • x Barbara Hodgson, Opium: A Portrait of the Heavenly Demon (London, San Francisco: Souvenir Press Ltd., 1999), p. 74.
    • xi The Best Stories of Thomas Burke, selected with a foreword by John Gawsworth, (London: Phoenix House, 1950), pp. 8-9.
    • xii Marek Kohn, Dope Girls; the birth of the Britsh drug underground (London: Granta, 2001(Lawrence & Wishart, 1992), p. 30.
    • xiii Evening News, 5 October, 1920.
    • xiv Evening News, 3rd January, 1916, p. 5. Cited in Marek Kohn, Dope Girls: the birth of the British drug underground (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1992), pp. 30-31.
    • xv Rohmer, Dope: A Story of Chinatown and the Drug Traffic (London: Cassell, 1919), p. 75.
    • xvi Karl Brown, Adventures With D. W. Griffith, p. 224. Brown was cameraman on Broken Blossoms, D.W. Griffith's film adaptation of the Limehouse NightsÃ¥ story, 'The Chink And The Child'.
    • xix In 1850, the Navigation Act which stated that crews must be no less than seventy-five per cent British was repealed. This allowed shipowners to exploit cheap sources of labour. See Maria Lin Wong, Chinese Liverpudlians (Merseyside: Liverpool Press, 1989), p. 29.
    • xx Notes and Queries, 21st July, 1900, p. 21.
    • xxi The Boxers got their name from descriptions submitted by missionaries to the English language North China Daily News. Their Chinese name was The Society of the Fists of Righteous Harmony. At their rallies they demonstrated spirit trances and supernatural resistance to bullets, poison and the sword. See Ross G. Forman, 'Peking Plots: Fictionalizing the Boxer Rebellion of 1900' in Victorian Literature and Culture (1060-1503/99), pp. 19-48.
    • xxii See Diana Preston, Beseiged in Peking: The Story of the 1900 Boxer Rising (London: Constable, 1999).
    • xxiii Paul A. Cohen, The Boxer Uprising: A Narrative History in Three Keys: The Boxers as Event, Experience and Myth (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997), p. 14.
    • xxiv The first of the series was The Mystery of Fu Manchu (1913).
    • xxv Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray (Ware, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions Ltd, 1992), p. 146.
    • xxvi Virginia Berridge, Opium And The People: Opiate Use and Drug Control Policy in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century England (London, New York: Free Association Books, 1999), p. 198.
    • xxvii In 1908, Britain passed the Poisons and Pharmacy Act. In 1909, the first International Opium Conference was held in Shanghai calling for a stricter control of opiates, a second was held in 1912, and a third in 1914 in The Hague.
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