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Wildman, Scott S.P.; Hooper, Kimberly M.; Turner, Clare M.; Sham, James S. K.; Lakatta, Edward G.; King, Brian F.; Unwin, Robert J.; Sutters, Michael (2003)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: RM

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: urologic and male genital diseases, urogenital system, female genital diseases and pregnancy complications, embryonic structures
The precise steps leading from mutation of the polycystic kidney disease (PKD1) gene to the autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) phenotype remain to be established. Fluid accumulation is a requirement for cyst expansion in ADPKD, suggesting that abnormal fluid secretion into the cyst lumen might play a role in disease. In this study, we sought to establish a link between polycystin-1 (the PKD1 gene product) and ATP-stimulated Cl- secretion in renal tubule cells. To do this, we performed a whole cell patch-clamp analysis of the effects of expression of the isolated cytoplasmic COOH-terminus of polycystin-1 in stably transfected mouse cortical collecting duct cells. The truncated polycystin-1 fusion protein prolonged the duration of ATP-stimulated Cl- conductance and intracellular Ca2+ responses. Both effects were dependent on extracellular Ca2+. It was determined that expression of the truncated polycystin-1 fusion protein introduced, or activated, an ATP-induced Ca2+ entry pathway that was undetectable in transfection control cell lines. Our findings are concordant with increasing evidence for a role of polycystin-1 in cell Ca2+ homeostasis and indicate that dysregulated Ca2+ entry might promote Cl- secretion and cyst expansion in ADPKD.

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