LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Burton, Richard F. (2017)
Publisher: Wiley
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: human activities
Objectives: \ud \ud The positive influence of fat mass (FM) on fat-free mass (FFM) has been quantified previously by various methods involving regression analysis of population data, but some are fundamentally flawed through neglect of the tendency of taller individuals to carry more fat. Differences in FFM due to differences in FM—and not directly related to differences in height—are expressed as ΔFFM/ΔFM, denoted KF. The main aims were to find a sounder regression-based method of quantifying KF and simultaneously of estimating mean BMI0, the BMI of hypothetical fat-free individuals. Other, related, objectives were to check the linearity of FFM-FM relationships and to quantify the correlation between FM and height.\ud Methods: \ud \ud New statistical methods, explored and verified by Monte Carlo simulation, were applied to NHANES data. Regression of height2 on FFM and FM produced estimates of mean KF and indirectly of BMI0. Both were then adjusted to allow for variability in KF around its mean. Its standard deviation was estimated by a novel method.\ud Results: \ud \ud Relationships between FFM and FM were linear, not semilogarithmic as is sometimes assumed. Mean KF is similar in Mexican American men and women, but higher in men than women in non-Hispanic European Americans and African Americans. Mean BMI0 is higher in men than in women. FM correlates more strongly with height than has been found previously.\ud Conclusions: \ud \ud A more accurate way of quantifying mean BMI0 and the dependence of FFM on FM is established that may be easily applied to new and existing population data.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Bogin B, Beydoun N. 2007. The relationship of sitting height ratio to body mass index and fatness in the United States, 1988-1994. In: Singh SP, Gaur R, editors. Hum Ecol Special Issue. 15:1-8.
    • Broyles ST, Bouchard C, Bray GA, Greenway FL, Johnson WD, Newton RL, Ravussin E, Ryan DH, Smith SR, Katzmarzyk PT. 2011. Consistency of fat-mass-fat-free mass relationship across ethnicity and sex groups. Brit J Nutr 105:1272-1276.
    • Brožek J, Grande F, Anderson JT, Keys A. 1963. Densitometric analysis of body composition: revision of some quantitative assumptions. Ann NY Acad Sci 110:113- 140.
    • Burton RF. 2010. The influence of fat mass on fat-free mass in healthy adults. Int J Body Comp Res 8:109-116.
    • Burton RF. 2012. Fat-free mass as a function of height and fat mass in healthy adults. Int J Body Comp Res 10:35-38.
    • Chaston TB, Dixon JB, O'Brien PE. 2007. Changes in fat-free mass during significant weight loss: a systematic review. Int J Obes 31:743-750.
    • Davies PSW, Lanham DA, Stead MA, Tsang K. 2001. Body mass index and the prediction of percentage body fat in Australian Chinese women, Ann Hum Biol 28:467-470.
    • Dixon JB, Strauss BJG, Laurie C, O'Brien PE. 2007. Changes in body composition with weight loss: obese subjects randomized to surgical and medical programs. Obesity15:1187-1198.
    • Forbes GB. 1987. Lean body mass-body fat interrelationships in humans. Nutr Rev 45:225- 231.
    • Garrow JS, Webster J. 1985. Quetelet's index (W/H2) as a measure of fatness. Int J Obes 9:142-153. .
    • Gray DS, Bauer M. 1991. The relationship between body fat mass and fat-free mass. J Am Coll Nutr 10:63-68.
    • Gray DS, Fujioka K. 1991. Use of relative weight and body mass index for the determination of adiposity. J Clin Epidemiol 44:545-550.
    • Heitmann BL, Garby L. 1998. Composition of body weight differences in subjects with the same body height Eur J Clin Nutr 52:619-620.
    • Heitmann BL, Garby L. 2002. Composition (lean and fat tissue) of weight changes in adult Danes. Am J Clin Nutr 75:840-847.
    • Heymsfield SB, Gallagher D, Mayer L, Beetsch J, Pietrobelli A. 2007. Scaling of human body composition to stature: new insights into body mass index. Am J Clin Nutr 86:82- 91.
    • Heymsfield SB, Thomas D, Nguyen AM, Peng JZ, Martin C, Shen W, Strauss B, BosyWestphal A, Muller MJ. 2011. Voluntary weight loss: systematic review of early phase body composition changes.. Obes Rev 12:e348-e361.
    • Heymsfield SB, Gonzalez MCC, Shen W, Redman L, Thomas D. 2014. Weight loss composition is one fourth fat-free mass: a critical review and critique of the widely cited rule. Obes Rev 15:310-321.
    • Hoie LH, Bruusgaard D, Thom E. 1993. Reduction of body mass and change in body composition on a very low calorie diet. Int J Obes 17:17-20.
    • Hruschka DJ, Rush EC, Brewis AA. 2013. Population differences in the relationship between height, weight, and adiposity: an application of Burton's model. Am J Phys Anthropol 151:68-76.
    • Hruschka DJ, Hadley, Brewis A. 2014. Disentangling basal and accumulated body mass for cross-population comparisons. Am J Phys Anthropol 152:542-550.
    • Johnson RW. 1996. Fitting percentage of body fat to simple body measurements. J Stat Educ 4 [1]. (http://www.amstat.org/publications/jse/v4n1/datasets.johnson.html.) Keys A, Brožek J. 1953. Body fat in adult man. Physiol Rev 33:245-325.
    • Kockx M, Leenen R, Seidell J, Princen HMG, Kooistra T. 1999. Relationship between visceral fat and PAI-1 in overweight men and women before and after weight loss. Thromb Haemost 82:1490-1496.
    • Korn EL, Graubard BL. 1991. Epidemiologic studies utilizing surveys: accounting for the sampling design. Am J Publ Health 81:1166-1173.
    • Korn EL, Graubard BL. 1995. Examples of differing weighted and unweighted estimates from a sample survey. Am Stat 49:291-295.
    • Larsson I, Henning B, Lindroos AK, Näslund I, Sjöström CD, Sjöström L. 2006. Optimized predictions of absolute and relative amounts of body fat from weight, height, other anthropometric predictors, and age. Am J Clin Nutr 83:252-259.
    • Leenen R, van der Kooy K, Droop A, Seidell JC, Deurenberg P, Weststrate JA, Hautvast JGAJ. 1993. Visceral fat loss measured by magnetic resonance imaging in relation to changes in serum lipid levels of obese men and women. Arterioscler Thromb 13:487- 494.
    • Mingrone G, Marino S, DeGaetano A, Capristo E, Heymsfield SB, Gasbarrini G, Greco AV. 2001. Different limit to the body's ability of increasing fat-free mass. Metab 50:1004-1007.
    • Norgan NG. 1994. Interpretation of low body mass indices: Australian Aborigines. Am J Phys Anthropol 94:229-237.
    • Owen OE, Kavle E, Owen RS, Polansky M, Caprio S, Mozzoli MA, Kenrick ZV, Bushman MC, Boden G. 1986. A reappraisal of the caloric requirements in healthy women. Am J Clin Nutr 44:1-19.
    • Owen OE, Holup JL, D'Alessio DA, Craig ES, Polansky M, Smalley KJ, Kavle EC, Bushman MC, Owen LR, Mozzoli MA, Kenrick ZV, Boden GH. 1987. A reappraisal of the caloric requirements of men. Am J Clin Nutr 46:875-885.
    • Thomas D, Das SK, Levine JA, Martin CK, Mayer L, McDougall A, Strauss BJ, Heymsfield SB. 2010. New fat-free mass fat mass model for use in physiological energy balance equations. Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:39 (11 pages).
    • Warton DI, Wright IJ, Falster DS, Westoby M. 2006. Bivariate line-fitting methods for allometry. Biol Rev 81:259-291.
    • Webster JD, Hesp R, Garrow JS. 1984. The composition of excess weight in obese women estimated by body density, total body water and total body potassium. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 38C:299-306.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Download from

Cite this article