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Handyside, Philip David
Languages: English
Types: Doctoral thesis
Subjects: DE, DA
While the Latin version of William of Tyre’s chronicle of the Latin East, Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis gestarum, is a valuable tool for modern historians, it was not particularly well-known during the medieval period with only nine copies surviving. However, William’s history did become extremely popular through a translation of the original into Old French, the so-called L’Estoire de Eracles, with fifty-one surviving manuscripts. The Eracles text has been overlooked by scholars who have assumed that it is a simple translation of William’s text, and there has also been little work in to establishing a provenance for the translation or determining the translator’s motives.\ud This thesis seeks to identify the extent to which the Eracles is a simple translation and assess its importance to historians. While, for the most part, the translator is faithful to William’s text, he made alterations throughout. Many are of a stylistic nature, and the translator did not simply abridge William’s text for a new audience. He made several additions that serve to identify him and his audience. In particular, he regularly added background material on French crusaders, and on events in France, including additional information not found in any other source. On occasion the translator alters William’s criticism of certain individuals and gives a very different version of events that may be more accurate.\ud The major difficulty with studying the Eracles text is the fact that the nineteenth-century editions were reliant upon a limited number of manuscripts. There has been little work on these manuscripts and no clear understanding of the relationships between these manuscripts. This thesis also seeks to tackle this problem by presenting a critical edition of six sample chapters that takes into account all the surviving manuscripts and by establishing the relationships between these manuscripts.
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    • malades29. A30 la fin, virent31 li32 preudome33 du reaume34 de Surie35 que cilz36 aferes37 ne povoit pas38 longuement durer39 sans grant peril40. Si41 envoierent la42, par commun accort43, le patriarche de Jherusalem44, Renaut45 de Chastellon qui46 avoit este prince d'Antioche et parrastres47 a48 cellui49 Buimont50, le51 mestre52 du Temple frere53 Arnaut54 de Toroge55, le56 Eusebius Pamphili, 'Ecclesiastical History', Books 1-5 The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation, vol. 19, tr. R. J. Deferrari (New, York, 1953).
    • Guibert de Nogent, Gestorum Dei per Francos et Cinque Autres Textes, ed. R. B. C. Huygens (Turnholt, 1996).
    • Guillaume le Breton, 'Vie de Philippe Auguste', Œuvres de Rigord et de Guillaleume Breton, ed. H. F. Delaborde vol. 1 (Paris, 1882).
    • Ibn al-Athīr The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athīr for the Crusading Period from-Ka'malil fi'l-ta'rikh', vol. 3 tr. D. S. Richards (Aldershot, 2008).
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    • Hanna, R., Hunt, T., Keightly, R. G., Minnis, A., Palmer, Nigel F. 'Latin Commentary Tradition and Vernacular Literature', The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism, 2 eds. A. Minnis and I. Johnson (Cambridge, 2005), pp. 363-421.
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    • Huygens, R. B. C. 'La Tradition Manuscrite de Guillaume de T, ySrt'udi Medievali, 5 (1964), pp. 281-373.
    • Huygens, R. B. C. 'Edtiing William of Tyre,'Sacris Erudiri: Jaarboek voor Godsdienstwetenschappen, 27 (1984), pp. 461-73.
    • Markowski, M. 'Peter of Blois and the Conception of the Third CrusadTeh'e, Horns of Hattin, ed. B. Z. Kedar (Jerusalem, 1992), pp. 261-9.
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    • Mayer, H. E. 'Guillaume de Tyr à l'école',Mémoirs de l'Academie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Dijon, 127 (1988), pp. 257-65.
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